<![CDATA[Ranker: Recent Politicians Lists]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/lists//politicians http://www.ranker-dev.com/img/skin2/logo.gif Most Viewed Lists on Ranker http://www.ranker-dev.com/lists//politicians <![CDATA[11 Bizarre, Messed Up Facts You Never Knew About Ronald Reagan]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/weird-ronald-reagan-facts/justin-andress

During his time in office, Ronald Reagan was repeatedly named one of the most respected men in the world. In fact, Gallup’s annual list of the most admired people put Reagan at the top of the list every single year that he was in office. Reagan trails only John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln in terms of his overall popularity, making him the most popular American president in history to finish a second term. In the years since Reagan’s exit from public life, he has been deified by the Republican Party as the end all, be all of GOP success.

On the flip side of that coin, Ronald Reagan’s life has also yielded incredible scrutiny that not only casts some doubt on Reagan’s legacy but gives Reagan’s entire biography a weird tone. It seems the man’s professional career was marked with several strange or unsettling moments that just might make you wonder how he’s remained so immensely popular. Here are some weird facts about Reagan might change how you see him.

11 Bizarre, Messed Up Facts You Never Knew About Ronald Reagan, history, politics & history, politicians, america, us history, other, people trivia,

Reagan’s Civil Rights Record Is Really, Really, Ridiculously Awful

So, while he does get credit for speaking out about police abuse and the spread of fascism prior to his political career, when it came time to put his money where his mouth was, Reagan falls pretty short, especially when it came time to support the Civil Rights Movement.

Reagan himself actually went on record opposing every major piece of civil rights legislation adopted by Congress in the 1960s, the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, and the Fair Housing Act. While he was President, he opposed the extension of the Voting Rights Act, vetoed the Civil Rights Restoration Act, and supported schools that discriminated on the basis of race.

Oh, he also refused to support sanctions against the South African regime that was imposing apartheid. 

Reagan Wasn't Shot Directly During The Attempt On His Life

No doubt the man who shot Ronald Reagan, John Hinckley, Jr., was unhinged before he caught Martin Scorsese’s gritty “avenging angel” drama Taxi Driver, but it was Hinckley’s viewing of the film in 1976 that historians agree sent him down the path to his assassination attempt on President Reagan in 1981.

Taxi Driver kickstarted Hinckley’s obsession with Jodie Foster and his delusional imitation of Travis Bickle, the film’s cracked hero. Sure, Taxi Driver is f*cking brilliant, but most people can agree that it’s not exactly the perfect movie to use as a model for your life. 

Anyway, Hinckley’s obsession with the film led him to stalk a number of people in addition to Foster. He considered shooting Jimmy Carter and Ted Kennedy before he settled on Reagan. Thankfully for the newly elected President, Hinckley was a terrible shot. In fact, he never actually hit the President; Reagan himself was only wounded when a bullet ricocheted off his limo and into his chest.

As An Actor, Reagan Was Pretty Open About Calling Out Communists In Hollywood

There are several references to the fact that Reagan might have been a snitch for the FBI, but historical record actually makes it pretty clear that from the age of 32, Reagan was pretty forthright in his beliefs. Did he work with the FBI? Absolutely, but it wasn't for the reason you think.

Reagan first came to the FBI’s notice when he reportedly almost punched some dude “for making hateful comments about Jews at a Hollywood cocktail party.” The bureau proceeded to enlist Reagan to speak out on social issues in his capacity as an actor. In one instance, Reagan gave a radio address in the wake of the savage police beating suffered by a young black man in 1946. 

A community that is aware of the threat to its people and security by bigoted terroristic groups will be protected from such acts. It is important that every citizen of Southern California be ready to assist all public officials who are attempting to check any further occurrences of this kind and to join with those civic organizations which are laboring to bring better understanding and unity among the different elements of our society without regard to race or creed or color.

Then, in the mid-forties, the FBI came to Reagan’s aid when — in his role as a SAG officer — Reagan became an outspoken opponent of Communist Party activity in the industry. Reagan’s opposition was so fierce that they held meetings about how best to curtail his voice.

He Displayed Signs Of Alzheimer’s While Still In Office

Almost as soon as doctors announced that ex-President Reagan was suffering from Alzheimer’s disease in 1994, conspiracy theorists began to suspect that the degenerative condition may have begun developing during Reagan’s final years in the Oval Office. While that matter is still up for debate, scientists have noticed a distinct change in Reagan’s speech patterns over the course of his near-decade as President.

Apparently, over his eight years in office, Reagan’s speech patterns became increasingly simple. His use of unique words decreased and his use of pronouns like “thing” became more prominent. By comparison, Reagan’s successor, Bush the Elder, showed absolutely no change in his speech patterns during his term in office.

The researchers don’t necessarily believe that this shift in speech patterns indicates a decline in Reagan’s ability to lead, but they could be invaluable in diagnosing the onset of Alzheimer’s.

He Kissed A Teenaged Shirley Temple When He Was 36

In 1947’s That Hagen Girl, 36-year-old Ronald Reagan was semi-forced to kiss Shirley Temple on screen, in spite of the fact that he was nearly seventeen years her senior. In his defense, Reagan reportedly advocated that his character end up with Temple’s teacher, but he was shut down by the film’s director, who had a teenaged girlfriend and “wanted to make a point.”

As a result, Reagan became the first star to plant one on childhood starlet Shirley Temple. The movie subsequently bombed hard as audiences weren’t exactly cool with an old man trying to paw some barely-of-age girl.

He Spent Billions Trying To Build A Space Defense System

Officially named the Strategic Defense Initiative (and jokingly referred to as Star Wars), Reagan initially dumped millions of dollars into the development of a full-scale space defense program designed to defeat any possible nuclear attack launched by the Russians.

The idea was to use a mixture of “space- and earth-based laser battle stations” in order to “direct their killing beams toward moving Soviet targets.”

Unsurprisingly, the technology for such a program didn’t even remotely exist in the 1980s, so after the government spent loads of money developing the project, it was de-funded by subsequent administrations.

He Had An Almost Creepy Fascination With Women Wearing Red

Reagan’s relationship with his wife, Nancy, was world-famous. In fact, Reagan himself was so enamored of his second wife that he even gravitated to reporters who were wearing the First Lady’s favorite color, red. 

Reagan reportedly once called on a reporter, saying, “Now, Helen, I know that Nancy upstairs would die — she’s watching on television — if I didn't call on you in that pretty red dress.” That kind of language wasn’t considered a big deal for the Gipper.

The favoritism Reagan showed reporters decked out in red was so well known that several women adopted the color during their time working as reporters in the White House.

President Reagan Rejected A Deal That Might Have Curtailed The Rise Of Osama Bin Laden

In the 1980s, sh*t in Afghanistan was bad. The US and the Soviet Union were fighting a proxy war in which the Soviets were supplying troops to President Mohammad Najibullah and the US was supplying rebels with lots and lots of guns. One of the leaders of this rebellion was a small-time militant named Osama bin Laden.

In the late 1980s, Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev proposed that he withdraw his troops from the region on the condition that Reagan stop giving guns to the rebels. Through intermediaries, Reagan basically told Gorbachev to go suck an egg, so Gorbachev responded by upping the aggression. 

In April 1987, 200 Soviet troops assaulted a base where bin Laden and 50 of his buddies were camped out. Over the course of seven days, the Battle of Jaji saw Bin Laden and his men hold out under heavy fire in spite of several deaths and potentially life-ending wounds. In the aftermath, bin Laden’s legend among jihadists began to take form. 

Ghost Wars author Steve Coll wrote,

After Jaji [bin Laden] began a media campaign designed to publicize the brave fight waged by Arab volunteers who stood their ground against a superpower. In interviews and speeches … bin Laden sought to recruit new fighters to his cause and to chronicle his own role as a military leader. He also began to expound on expansive new goals for the jihad.

In Spite Of His Reputation For Cutting Taxes, Reagan Actually Raised Taxes 11 Times

One of Ronald Reagan’s most enduring legacies was his reputation for cutting down the federal budget. And, for the first six months or so of his administration, that was pretty much true. However, from 1982 onward — in spite of his “lower taxes now” rhetoric — Reagan actually increased the federal budget every single year. Under his administration, the budget deficit went from $700 billion to $3 trillion.

Okay, Reagan does get credit for using that money to create the Department of Veterans Affairs and offering a $165 billion bailout of Social Security. Then again, he also substantially increased the Pentagon’s budget.

Even Douglas Brinkley, a Reagan historian, wrote candidly, “Ronald Reagan was never afraid to raise taxes.”

He Said Some Vague, Concerning Things About His Ex-Wife

Throughout the 1940s, Ronald Reagan was married to actress Jane Wyman. The two met on the set of Brother Rat, Reagan’s first starring role. Though the relationship lasted for eight years, Problems reportedly arose early in the marriage. At one point Reagan reportedly wrote to a friend, Lorraine Makler Wagner, “Janie is still a pretty sick girl, but I’m still hoping that things will be different when she gets over this nervousness. I know she loves me, even though she thinks she doesn’t.”

The two divorced in 1948, the same year that Wyman became the first person in the sound era to win an Oscar for Best Actress without saying a single word.

Wed, 01 Feb 2017 03:19:36 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/weird-ronald-reagan-facts/justin-andress
<![CDATA[The Best Bands Named After Historical Figures]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bands-named-after-historical-figures/ranker-music

These bands named after a historical figure are from all genres of music – rock, new wave, metal, pop, and hip-hop. There are bands named after politicians, and bands named after notorious killers. Think you know them all? Read over this list, and be amazed at the sheer number of bands represented here!

Most of the historical figure band names on this list are fairly self-explanatory. You know, for example, that the Dead Kennedys took the band name from the storied (and tragically fated) American family. Franz Ferdinand is named after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose assassination partially triggered World War I. Rutherford B. Hayes is Dead is both a fact, and the name of a band. Tesla is named after famed inventor Nikola Tesla, and the group Ed Gein takes its name from the real-life notorious serial killer.

Some of the most intriguing bands named after historical figures are tougher to crack. You might not know who Jethro Tull was, but the real-life figure was an agriculturist during the 18th century. The band Jethro Tull’s agent was a history buff, and he came up with it on the fly. It stuck, and the rest is musical history. Some swear that The Hollies got their name from Buddy Holly; others say it was inspired by Christmas holly on a band member’s house. And Asking Alexandria is actually named after Alexander the Great.

Enjoy the list, and be sure to vote for your favorite bands!

The Best Bands Named After Historical Figures,

Dead Kennedys

Franz Ferdinand

Jethro Tull

Paul Revere and The Raiders


The Dandy Warhols

The Hollies

The Jesus and Mary Chain

Crazy Horse

Ed Gein

Fri, 18 Nov 2016 09:59:52 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bands-named-after-historical-figures/ranker-music
<![CDATA[Famous Bisexual Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-bisexual-politicians/lgbt

The conversation about LGBTQ rights is never far from government. So perhaps it's not surprising that there are a number of notable male and female politicians who identify as bisexual. Some politicians who are bisexual are open about their relationships with men and women while other bisexual politicians never spoke about their same-sex affairs. Many of the most famous bisexual politicians worked hard for the rights of the LGBTQ community.

Who will you find on this list of bisexual politicians? Marina Baker appears near the top. The bisexual politician was the mayoress of Telscombe, Sussex, England. She was also Playboy Playmate of the Month in March of 1987. In the United States, Oregon Governor Kate Brown became the first openly bisexual person to lead a state when she took office in 2015. Canaan Banana, who served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 1980-1987, was believed to be bisexual. He was charged with sodomy in 1997 and served six months in prison. Other famous bisexual politicians include Angie Buhl, Daniele Capezzone, and Cheri DiNovo.

Are you surprised that so many politicians are bisexual? Take a look at this list and get in on the conversation in the comments section.

Famous Bisexual Politicians,

Canaan Banana

Canaan Banana, who served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 1980-1987, was believed to be bisexual. He was charged with sodomy in 1997 and served six months in prison.

Daniele Capezzone

Italian politician Daniele Capezzone came out as bisexual in 2006. He has been a spokesman for Forza Italia and The People of Freedom.

Don Dunstan

South Australian politician Don Dunstan was revealed to be bisexual in his biography Don Dunstan Intimacy & Liberty. He was married twice, to Gretel Dunstan and Adele Koh, and he is known to have had a relationship with John Ceruto in the 1960s.

Henry Channon

British politician Henry Channon was married to Lady Honor Guinness, although his diaries revealed that he was bisexual. He described Prince Paul of Yugoslavia as the person he "loved the most."

Kate Brown

Oregon Governor Kate Brown became the first openly bisexual person to lead a state when she took office in 2015.

Marina Baker

Reportedly bisexual politician Marina Baker was the mayoress of Telscombe, Sussex, England. She was also Playboy Playmate of the Month in March of 1987. She said that she had sex with fellow Playmate Carrie Leigh.

Maureen Colquhoun

In 1980, British politician Maureen Colquhoun divorced her husband and subsequently started a relationship with Babs Todd, whom would be her partner for decades.

Victor Grayson

House of Commons member Victor Grayson was married to Ruth Nightingale. "It is now known that he had a relationship with his Merseyside friend Harry Dawson. Throughout his life there is evidence of this duality in Victor's character – he was obviously bisexual. While there was a series of relationships with women, his happiest periods were when he was in male company," said his biographer David Clark.

Joanna E. Cole

Vermont state congresswoman Joanna E. Cole is openly bisexual. She is currently married to retired priest Sarah Flynn.

Angie Buhl

South Dakota State Senator Angie Buhl came out as bisexual in 2012. She has worked to stop a bill that would allow business owners to refuse services to same-sex couples.

Mon, 22 Aug 2016 05:26:19 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-bisexual-politicians/lgbt
<![CDATA[10 American Politicians You've Never Heard of Who Basically Changed History]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/influential-unknown-politicians/ben-geier

A list of the most influential politicians is bound to have plenty of names we all know. John F. Kennedy, Franklin Roosevelt, Hillary Clinton. The usual suspects. Notable losers like Barry Goldwater and William Jennings Bryan have also gone down in history for their impact on society. In the convoluted tapestry of the American past, though, there are countless politicians most of us never learned about in school, who never show up in History Channel documentaries. Some of these men and women had a profound impact on American history, impact that is in some cases still felt today.

Here, then, are a few generally unknown politicians, whose stories shouldn't be lost to the foggy ruins of time. Some of them ran for president, others for local office. Some won, most lost. Some never ran for at all, yet still managed to make a mark, though political action like petitioning. Regardless of races run and offices held, each of these people made a positive difference. 

10 American Politicians You've Never Heard of Who Basically Changed History,

Andrew Haswell Green

The iconic five boroughs of New York City weren't always the single entity we know them as today. Before 1898, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island weren't part of the big Apple. Andrew Haswell Green, who was instrumental in the building of Central Park, helped push for the creation of the Imperial City, creating the modern metropolis. He also had a hand in creating the Bronx Zoo, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Washington Bridge, and the New York City Public Library. If you're ever in NYC, chances are you're seeing something Green shepherded into existence.

Eugene V. Debs

Contrary to what you may think, Bernie Sanders isn't the first politician to bring socialism to the masses in the United States. In the early 20th century, Eugene V. Debs was a fiery socialist who ran for president — from his prison cell.

Debs ran for president five times as a socialist, receiving around 900,000 votes in 1912, or 6% of the total vote. His most notable election, though, probably came in 1920. He had been imprisoned for his opposition to the United States entering the First World War. Still, he was on the ballot for the Socialist Party and got almost a million votes.

Debs is a historically important figure for his role in promoting radical workers's movements of the first half of the 20th century. Though largely forgotten today, these movements were critical in the fight for employment rights many take for granted, like weekends and the eight-hour day. He also fought against corporate consolidation (aka monopolies) and refused to abandon the socialist cause after many American politicians dropped it like a hot potato in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution. 

Frances Willard

In the 1880s, Frances Willard transformed the Women's Christian Temperance Union from a conservative religious organization to an international powerhouse that advocated for women's rights. She, and her organization, were instrumental in pushing for women's suffrage and, more broadly, for women to expand their horizons beyond domestic roles and actively engage in political and social issues. 

Yet none of that is why Willard makes this list. In 1884, she authored the Polyglot Petition, advocating for the prohibition of alcohol, opium, and other addictive substances. Willard's tireless efforts to promote Prohibition resulted in 7.5 million people signing the petition, which was publicly unveiled in 1891. She passed away in 1898, but her efforts eventually led to the US Senate proposing the Eighteenth Amendment, in 1917. It was adopted in 1919, and was in effect from 1920 until 1933. 

Josiah Bailey

The modern conservative mantra of "lower taxes, lower spending" wasn't always so obvious. The governing philosophy of conservatives for much of the past 75 years was largely created by North Carolina Democratic Senator Josiah Bailey.

Bailey wrote the Conservative Manifesto in 1937, proposing market-based, small government solutions to the Great Depression. The manifesto was written as a direct response to Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal politics, and would go on to define conservative politics.

If you like Paul Ryan, Marco Rubio, or any of today's small government politicians, their philosophies go right back to Bailey.

Robert Smalls

In the aftermath of the Civil War, politics in the South were a complete mess; newly enfranchised slaves found themselves with voting power, and powerful politicians who rose to prominence before the war were struggling with the new order.

In this milieu, Robert Smalls, a former slave, was elected to serve in both houses of the South Carolina state legislature, and spent five terms in the US House of Representatives. He helped fight for rights for blacks in the state, which were rolled back after Reconstruction, as the Jim Crow period started.

Perhaps even more amazing is how Smalls got his freedom. Before the end of the Civil War, while he was working as a slave aboard a Confederate war ship, he and his fellow slaves commandeered the boat, sailed it to the sea, and surrendered to the Union Navy.

Of the fate of African Americans in the United States, Smalls once famous said: “My race needs no special defense for the past history of them and this country. It proves them to be equal of any people anywhere. All they need is an equal chance in the battle of life.”

Susanna M. Salter

Susanna Salter wasn't just the first woman elected to be a mayor in the United States, but the first woman elected to any political office in the country, when she became the mayor of Argonia, KS on the Prohibition Party ticket in 1887. Salter was elected just weeks after women in Kansas were given the right to vote, and was originally nominated as a joke by a group of men.

As it turns out, Salter knew a lot more about politics than those who jokingly nominated her realized. Her father had been the town's very first mayor, while her father-in-law was a former Kansas lieutenant governor. She won the election, and apparently did her job like a boss. She didn't run for re-election after her term expired, though she lived to 100.

William H. Seward

William Seward was the Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, and his service as the nation's chief diplomat during and after the Civil War could be enough to write him into the history books. But the reason you should know about him is his indirect role in a conflict that happened long after he was dead, the Cold War.

You see, Seward led the charge for the United States to purchase the Alaska territory. From Russia. Can you imagine if, after the Russian Revolution and during the Cold War, the USSR had access to land in North America? Seward's purchase, regarded in his day as a bad idea and called "Seward's Folly," may have helped prevent armed conflict between the US and the Soviet Union.

With its vast supply of natural resources and tremendous landmass, Alaska has contributed significantly to America's prosperity. The enormous state has provided fisheries, copper, gold, oil, gas, and hundreds of thousands of jobs. Between 1959 and 2016, the state earned $157 billion from oil. Good one, Seward. 

Perhaps worth noting, Seward was generally obsessed with snatching up land for the United States, and looked into buying parts of the Virgin Islands, the Dominican Republic, and various other small Caribbean islands. Why would you buy just part of the Dominican Republic? It's already only half an island. 

William King

Even some of you Northeasterners may not know Maine wasn't always its own state. Until 1820, it was part of Massachusetts. William King was a leading proponent of statehood for Maine, and became its first governor, though left the office just over a year after being elected, to take a job in the federal government.

This may not seem like a much, but remember that, before the Civil War, adding states was a very big deal. The country needed to balance the number of free states and slave states, and adding Maine as a free state changed that balance, necessitating the Missouri compromise, which added Missouri as a slave state.

Plus, where would all the Stephen King novels take place if Maine weren't a state? Northern Massachusetts? 

Shirley Chisholm, the First Black Congresswoman

Shirley Chisholm became the first African American to run for President of the United States in a major party when, in 1972, she ran in the Democratic primary. Four years before that, she became America's first black congresswoman, a position in which she served seven terms. She made a name for herself straight away, as a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus, and for demanding reassignment after placed on the House Forestry Committee. 

Chisholm was also one of the major forces for the Equal Right's Amendment. Though the ERA didn't pass, it was one of the biggest causes for second wave radical feminists of the 1970s. Many causes feminists are fighting for today were first fought for by Chisholm.

A. Philip Randolph, Who Founded the First African American Labor Union

Most students learn about just a few major leaders of the Civil Rights Movement: Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and maybe John Lewis, if you've got a really good teacher.

If you want to get to the heart of the movement, look no further than A. Phillip Randolph. Randolph was one of the Big Six of the movement. He helped organized, and spoke at, the March on Washington; was one of the few Civil Rights leaders to meet with President Kennedy; and received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from Lyndon Johnson. 

Before the March on Washington, Randolph was a leader in the fight for worker's rights, founding the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first official African American labor union in the United States. In the early 1920s, he ran for office in New York City as a Socialist Party candidate, but lost. 

The Civil Rights Movement's commitment to economic issues is often forgotten, written out of history by capitalists who prefer a focus on the nonviolent push for a sanitized, generalized vision of human rights. For this reason, and his socialist tendencies, Randolph has been marginalized in the annals of history. He was, however, an extremely important political figure in his movement and time. 

Fri, 30 Sep 2016 07:24:12 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/influential-unknown-politicians/ben-geier
<![CDATA[35 Famous Lesbian Politicians From Around the World]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-lesbian-politicians/lgbt

They're proudly out and working to change the system from within. These are some of the notable lesbian politicians holding political office around the globe. Some famous lesbian politicians hold national offices while other top lesbian politicians work at the local level of government. Many notable lesbian politicians fight for LGBTQ causes, rights and issues.

Who will you find on this list of famous lesbian politicians? Tammy Baldwin lands in the top spot. In 1998, she became the first openly gay member of the United States Congress. In 2012, she became the first openly gay member elected to the Senate. She has fought for equality, college affordability, veterans support, and many more issues in her career as a politician. Icelandic Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir advocates for social rights, while British politician Linda Bellos speaks out about intersectionality as well.

Which politician on this list do you think has done the best work for LGBTQ rights? Take a look at this list and get in on the conversation in the comments section.

35 Famous Lesbian Politicians From Around the World,

Angela Davis

Civil rights activist and politician Angela Davis publicly confirmed that she is a lesbian in the 1990s.

Annise Parker

Houston Mayor Annise Parker is the first openly gay mayor of a major U.S. city. "I was a gay and lesbian activist in my college days, so that’s always been part of my acknowledgment of the world,” said Parker in an interview. “What is different as mayor is I’m not a spokesperson for the community. I am the public face and voice of the citizens of Houston. I just happen to be a lesbian when I’m doing it.”

Barbara Jordan

Civil rights leader Barbara Jordan was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1972-1978. It was reported that Jordan was a lesbian following her death.

Linda Bellos

British politician Linda Bellos said, "I think that some of the mess we’re in, in the LGBT community, exists among the feminist lesbians who are anti-trans. Seems to me, they’re not all, but some women remain disrespectful, hostile particularly to male-female trans people and I find that repugnant. There’s not a milder word I can use."

Paula Aboud

Arizona State Senator Paula Aboud got involved in politics to protect the civil rights of lesbians, gays, bisexual, and transgender individuals.

Tammy Baldwin

In 1998, Tammy Baldwin became the first openly gay member of the United States Congress. In 2012, she became the first openly gay member elected to the Senate. She has fought for equality, college affordability, veterans support, and many more issues in her career as a politician.

Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir

Icelandic Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is the first openly LGBTQ person to lead a national government in the world. After decades in politics, she was elected as Prime Minister in 2009. LGBTQ rights and social justice were at the heart of her legacy.

Betty Baxter

Betty Baxter was fired as the head coach of the Canadian national volleyball team after the media reported that she was a lesbian in 1982. She went on to become the chair of the NDP Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual caucus in 1997.

Denise Andrews

Massachusetts Representative Denise Andrews is openly gay. She is a Democrat representing the 2nd Franklin district.

Vera Bergkamp

Dutch politician Vera Bergkamp is also involved with COC Netherlands, the oldest LGBTQ advocacy group in the world.

Mon, 22 Aug 2016 03:45:39 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-lesbian-politicians/lgbt
<![CDATA[22 Famous Transgender Politicians From Around the World]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-transgender-politicians/lgbt

The transgender community has fought for increased visibility and equal treatment around the world. The politicians on this list know that struggle firsthand – and as their nationalities prove, the trans experience isn't geographical. Some famous transgender politicians have held office in the United States, while other notable trans politicians have served in elected positions internationally. Many of the most famous transgender politicians have passionately advocated for LGBTQ rights.

Who will you find on this list of notable transgender politicians? Georgina Beyer lands in the top spot. Beyer is the first openly transgender person in the world to hold a national office, serving as a member of Parliament in New Zealand. In 1984, she had gender reassignment surgery to transition from male to female. She worked tirelessly as a champion for LGBT rights until she retired in 2006. Aya Kamikawa is Japan's only openly transgender politician, and Cambridge mayor Jenny Bailey and her partner, Jennifer Liddle, are both transgender women. Other trans politicians include Jamie Lee Hamilton, Jennifer Gale, and Kim Coco Iwamoto.

Which transgender politician inspires you? Take a look at this list and get in on the conversation in the comments section.

22 Famous Transgender Politicians From Around the World,

Aya Kamikawa

Aya Kamikawa is Japan's only openly transgender politician. "My goal is to send a message to others, to educate them about people like me. Listen, transgender people are never going to be 100 percent accepted in society, but people need to understand that we exist, and I intend to do that by getting to know people in my local community," she said.

Georgina Beyer

Georgina Beyer is the first openly transgender person in the world to hold a national office, serving as a member of the New Zealand Parliament. In 1984, she had gender reassignment surgery to transition from male to female. She worked tirelessly as a champion for LGBTQ rights until she retired in 2006.

Jenny Bailey

Cambridge mayor Jenny Bailey and her partner, Jennifer Liddle, are both transgender women. "I'm proud that I managed to get through something which was quite difficult and managed to come out of it a better person. I certainly do not want it to eclipse being mayor," she said.

Shabnam Mausi

Shabnam Mausi is the first transgender person in India to be elected to public office. She is also a trained classical dancer.

Micheline Montreuil

As a politician and activist, Micheline Montreuil has fought for transgender rights in Canada and beyond. She said, "For a transgender, it is a long path that may never end; she is not in such hurry because she is discovering herself step by step. So, like me, a transgender may change slowly, year after year, as long as she wishes it. I still have not ended my path."

Jennifer Gale

Jennifer Gale ran for public office in Austin on several occasions. Sadly, she was found dead of a heart attack outside a Salvation Army in 2008. She wasn't allowed inside the facility because she was a transgender woman with male genitalia. EMTs on the scene believe that the freezing temperatures outside may have provoked her heart attack.

Jamie Lee Hamilton

Jamie Lee Hamilton is the first trans person to ever run for office in Canada. She also sits on the board of directors for the Greater Vancouver Native Cultural Society.

Amanda Simpson

Amanda Simpson is the highest-ranking openly transgender appointee in American history. She has served as the deputy assistant secretary of defense for Operational Energy since 2015.

Kim Coco Iwamoto

Hawaiian Civil Rights Commissioner Kim Coco Iwamoto previously served on the Board of Education. "I wanted to be on the Board of Education because I wanted to advocate for students," she said. "This was never about me as an individual. It's always been about me and how I can serve the community."

Althea Garrison

Althea Garrison has run for several public offices as both a Republican and a Democratic. She has never publicly talked about her trans status, but public records show that she officially changed her name to be "consistent with [her] appearance and medical condition" in 1976.

Mon, 22 Aug 2016 07:39:35 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-transgender-politicians/lgbt
<![CDATA[25 Famous Black Female Politicians Who Are Great Role Models]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/black-female-politicians/celebrity-lists

No matter where you fall on the political spectrum, it's undeniable that these black female politicians are impressive individuals. Many famous black female politicians have served in the U.S. House of Representatives while other black women politicians have served as mayors. Many top black female politicians got their start in the civil rights movement.

Who will you find on this list of notable black female politicians? Condoleezza Rice made history when she became the first female African-American Secretary of State in 2005. She held the office – serving under George W. Bush – until 2009. First Lady Michelle Obama is also an incredibly popular black female politician, thanks to her stance on issues including children's health and poverty awareness. Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American woman elected to Congress. She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for New York from 1969-1983. Other women featured on this roundup of top black female politicians include Kamala Harris, Carol Moseley Braun, and Fannie Lou Hamer.

Which black female politician do you think has had the biggest impact on history? Take a look at this list and get in on the conversation in the comments section.

25 Famous Black Female Politicians Who Are Great Role Models,

Angela Davis

Angela Davis was involved in the civil rights movement and was associated with the Black Panther Party. In the 1980s, Davis ran for Vice President twice on the Communist Party USA ticket.

Barbara Jordan

Barbara Jordan was a politician from Texas who served in the U.S. Senate and in the House of Representatives in the late 1960s and 1970s. Among her many accomplishments, she was the first African-American woman to deliver a keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.

Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice has held many offices, most notably as Secretary of State from 2005-2009.

Constance Baker Motley

Constance Baker Motley blazed many political trails in New York. She was the first black woman to serve in the state's senate, the first female borough president of Manhattan, and the first black woman to serve as a federal judge.

Dorothy Height

Dorothy Height was the president of the National Council of Negro Women. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.

Fannie Lou Hamer

Fannie Lou Hamer was a civil rights leader who held the vice-chair of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris has been the Attorney General of California since 2011.

Michelle Obama

Michelle Obama worked as a lawyer before her husband, Barack Obama, began his political career. She served as First Lady of the United States from 2009-2017, championing issues including children's health and support for military families.

Patricia Roberts Harris

Patricia Roberts Harris held many offices in the Carter Administration, including that of United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

Shirley Chisholm

Shirley Chisholm was the first African-American woman elected to Congress. She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for New York from 1969-1983. Chisholm was also the first black candidate – and woman – to run for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination.

Mon, 22 Aug 2016 08:39:59 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/black-female-politicians/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[List of Politicians Who Support Vaping & E-Cigs]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicans-who-support-vaping/celebrity-lists

Okay, so maybe there are only a few politicians that openly vape, but several politicians vocally support vaping. And it's not just US politicians, either; some of these pro-vaping politicians are from the UK as well.

Who will you find on this "politicians who are pro-vaping" list? Donald Trump is viewed as the most pro-vaping candidate of the 2016 presidential race because he is in favor of fewer regulations on vaping. In 2016, Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-CA) actually vaped during a hearing in which he argued against an amendment to ban vaping on planes.

Former UK Prime Minister David Cameron endorsed vaping as a way to help people quit smoking. He said, "Certainly as somebody who has been through this battle a number of times, eventually relatively successfully, lots of people find different ways of doing it and certainly for some people e-cigarettes are successful."

Do you think that vaping is a successful tool to help people quit smoking? Do you think vaping should be regulated? Take a look at this list of pro-vaping politicians and share your thoughts in the comments section.

List of Politicians Who Support Vaping & E-Cigs,

David Cameron

Former UK Prime Minister David Cameron endorsed vaping as a way to help people quit smoking in December 2015. He said, "Certainly as somebody who has been through this battle a number of times, eventually relatively successfully, lots of people find different ways of doing it and certainly for some people e-cigarettes are successful."

Donald Trump

Donald Trump is viewed as the most pro-vaping candidate of the 2016 presidential race because he is in favor of fewer regulations on vaping.

Fred Upton

Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI) co-signed a letter in December 2014 requesting that the FDA reconsider approving new regulations on e-cigarettes that he and other congressmen felt were too harsh.

Nick Clegg

Former UK Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg said, in March 2015, he used high-voltage blueberry vaping to quit smoking.

Nigel Farage

Former UK Independence Party leader Nigel Farage appeared in a video in March 2014 promoting e-cigs and vaping as a way to quit smoking.

Robert Aderholt

Rep. Robert Aderholt (R-AL) has supported a number of pro-vape bills which would decrease regulations on e-cigarettes.

Tom Miller

Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller said in December 2015, "About 13 million Americans are smokers who believe [cigarettes and e-cigarettes are] equally harmful. If they thought there was a difference in harm and switch[ed] to e-cigarettes they would save their lives." Miller is known to be very anti-smoking and served as the national chairman of the Truth Initiative.

Duncan Hunter

In February 2016, Rep. Duncan D. Hunter (R-CA) vaped during a hearing in which he made a case against an amendment to ban vaping on planes.

Fri, 27 May 2016 03:52:20 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicans-who-support-vaping/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[Establishment Republicans Who Snubbed Donald Trump at the 2016 RNC]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-snubbed-trump-rnc-2016/jacob-shelton
Even before the 2016 Republican National Convention (RNC) began in Cleveland, OH, there were dissenters in the Republican ranks, those who explicitly stated they wouldn’t be attending. These RNC 2016 snubs oscillate wildly from ex-presidents to senators and former governors who’ve all but given up on democracy. The list of establishment Republicans absent from the 2016 RNC is frankly shocking, as many of these people carried the GOP for the past 20 to 30 years. 

Some Republicans not attending the convention have perfectly valid reasons for why they can’t make it to Cleveland. The rest of the GOP absentees are up to something else - one seems to be setting up a second career as a comedian; another has dumpster fires to check out; many want to distance themselves as much as possible from Trump. Keep reading for a handy primer on establishment Republicans who snubbed Donald Trump at the 2016 RNC.

One of the biggest coups for GOP members boycotting the convention is the absence of the Bush family. A Bush not attending the RNC is like Big Bird not showing up on Sesame Street, and makes the convention seem a bit like a ship without a captain. To make matters worse, many of the guest speakers scheduled to talk in Cleveland have nothing to do with politics - Scott Baio, for instance. Only time will tell whether this psychedelic media circus of an RNC proves to be an aberration of the new direction of the GOP. In the mean time, take a look at the most shocking no-shows for the 2016 Republican National Convention, and vote up those that most surprise you. 
Establishment Republicans Who Snubbed Donald Trump at the 2016 RNC,

Jeb Bush

After carrying himself with the guarded professionalism of a career politician for most of the election cycle, Jeb Bush unleashed a vitriol-fueled op-ed on Trump one day before the convention, writing, "[Frustration with American politics] have given rise to the success of a candidate who continues to grotesquely manipulate the deeply felt anger of many Americans. Trump's abrasive, Know Nothing-like nativist rhetoric has blocked out sober discourse about how to tackle America's big challenges."

He finished his screed with a major revelation - "I haven't decided how I'll vote in November -- whether I'll support the Libertarian ticket or write in a candidate."

In 2012, Jeb was a key speaker at the RNC. 

John Kasich
Maybe you know the name John Kasich because Donald Trump put him on blast during a Republican debate ("His poll numbers tanked, that's why he's on the end."). You may also know he's the governor of Ohio. That's right, John Kasich isn't attending the convention taking place in his own state. As governor, Kasich is officially responsible for overseeing the deployment of the National Guard and state troopers at the RNC. Instead, the governor is keeping busy speaking at an NAACP gathering in Cincinnati, where Hillary Clinton is also speaking. A spokesperson for the Trump campaign said Kasich is "embarrassing his state."
John McCain
Of all major establishment Republicans, John McCain seems most likely to win the title of the anti-Trump. Imagine a world in which he took the stage at the convention to argue for his brand of conservatism, especially after Trump lambasted McCain's service in Vietnam, during which the Senator was tortured.

“He’s not a war hero. He’s a war hero because he was captured. I like people who weren’t captured,” Trump said.

Alas, McCain stayed in Arizona during the RNC, to focus on his own race. When asked if thought the presumptive Republican nominee could drag down the rest of the party with him, McCain simply answered, "That’s always a concern."
Lindsey Graham
Lindsey Graham has never been shy about his disdain for Donald Trump. In May 2016, the Senator for South Carolina released a statement saying that he "cannot in good conscience support Donald Trump because I do not believe he is a reliable Republican conservative nor has he displayed the judgment and temperament to serve as commander in chief." When asked if he would be attending the convention Graham said, "I’m sure it will be fun; I’m sure it will be entertaining, and I can watch it on TV."

Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney emerged from the 2012 Republican National Convention as his party's nominee. In 2016, he didn't even bother to show up. When CNN asked one of his aides about Romney's absence, they simply said he couldn't make it. This excuse sounds suspicious after Romney went on the warpath in spring 2016, when Trump emerged as the front runner in the Republican primary, saying, "Here's what I know: Donald Trump is a phony, a fraud. His promises are as worthless as a degree from Trump University. He's playing members of the American public for suckers. He gets a free ride to the White House, and all we get is a lousy hat."

Sarah Palin
There's something fantastically bizarre about Sarah Palin skipping the RNC after endorsing Trump, especially when you look at all the other things she's attended, such as the Golden Moose Awards in Las Vegas, or the Season 2 premier of The Amazing Race.

To Trump's credit, he doesn't seem offended by this apparent snub. "It’s a little bit difficult because of where she is. We love Sarah. Little bit difficult because of, you know, it’s a long ways away.”

Rand Paul
Even though he's registered as a Republican, Rand Paul has always been something of an outlier in the party, having openly admitted to being a Libertarian in the past. Inter-party politics aside, Paul doesn't like Trump - has once called him “a delusional narcissist and an orange-faced windbag,” and said “a speck of dirt is way more qualified to be president" - although he tacitly endorses him (in a way that seems designed to appease his constituency). Instead of forcing his smile into a grimace in Cleveland, he'll be holding town hall meetings and performing pro bono eye surgeries in Kentucky
Mia Love
Congresswoman Mia Love of Utah opted to travel to Israel with a congressional delegation rather than go to Cleveland. Love is a rising star in the a party that sorely lacks diversity, and was given a prime speaking time at the 2012 convention. When asked about her absence at the 2016 RNC, Love said "I don't see any upsides to it. I don't see how this benefits the state." You know what they say - nothing benefits Utah like flying to Israel. 
George H. W. and George W. Bush
If you don't know why it's strange to have the Republican National Convention without either Bush 41 (George H.W.) or 43 (George W.) in attendance, consider this - one of the two has been attending the convention in an official capacity since the '70s, when 41 was appointed head of the Republican National Committee. What's more, it's extremely rare, if not completely unheard of, for a former president to refuse to attend his party's convention. At 92, George H.W. Bush has the excuse of being retired from politics. As for George W. Bush, an aide to the former president reported he "does not plan to participate in or comment on the presidential campaign." Neither 41 nor 43 supports Trump. 
Elise Stefanik
Republican Congresswoman Elise Stefanik of New York was apparently so disgusted by her party's slate of nominees in the 2016 election, she decided to avoid the convention long before Trump emerged as the presumptive nominee. She expressed her extreme distaste for Donald in particular by refusing to say his name when asked about the presidential election, offering instead the extremely vague, "I will support my party's nominee in the fall."

Tue, 19 Jul 2016 05:03:06 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-snubbed-trump-rnc-2016/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[Cenk Uygur on Hillary Clinton's Potential VP Picks]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/cenk-uygur-hillary-clinton-vice-president-picks/daniel-kohn

Even with Bernie Sanders losing the Democratic nomination to Hillary Clinton, Cenk Uygur has a few more things to say to Hillary Clinton. If she wants to rally the progressive arm of the Democratic Party around her. The Young Turks founder came up with his five choices of vice presidential nominees for Secretary Clinton, explaining how each potential running mates would reflect the message Clinton wants to send to the electorate.

Cenk Uygur on Hillary Clinton's Potential VP Picks,

Cory Booker
He's just like Obama, except he's even more establishment than Obama was. Change on the outside, continuity on the inside. Wall Street LOOOOOOOOOOOVVVESS Booker. "An African-American senator who secretly takes all of our money is everything we want," they say. He's got an excellent chance.

Elizabeth Warren
If she had any sense at all, she'd pick Warren. It's a no-brainer and a layup. That's why Hillary Clinton won't pick her. Wall Street wouldn't like her either. Plus, like Trump, Clinton has a huge ego and Warren is a star, so I'd be surprised if she picked another star.
Julian Castro
They've always wanted him for the Latino vote. 
Tim Kaine
The most boring man in America. He's got the People's Eyebrow like the Rock. The more I think about it, it's going to Kaine because it's a super boring move.

Jamie Dimon
This would be if she says, "You're right all along, I'm picking the CEO of JPMorgan." If there's a crash before the convention, this would be her excuse to settle the markets down and says he's unlike Donald Trump and made money. Progressives will light their head on fire and the Green Party will get 15% or more.

Mon, 27 Jun 2016 08:22:48 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/cenk-uygur-hillary-clinton-vice-president-picks/daniel-kohn
<![CDATA[The Wildest Stories from Inside the White House]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/wild-white-house-stories/rick-bitz
The White House is also known as "The People's House." Over the years, the "people" have taken full advantage of their special access by engaging in some wild White House stories. These bizarre and downright crazy antics all took place at one of the most iconic buildings in the United States. President John Adams was the first commander in chief to hang his hat in the White House back in 1800. Since then, thousands of dignitaries, politicians, lobbyists, military personal, staffers, interns, and random visitors have made their way through its hallowed halls. Many of those folks left their mark, both literally and figuratively.

You would think that with all the Secret Service agents lurking around there would be no room for White House shenanigans. You would be wrong. Along with the occasional ghost sightings, there have been plenty of parties, fights, affairs, and clandestine coming and goings. Pulled together here are some of the most outrageous and true stories from the White House that have ever gone down. Which of wild White House stories are indeed the wildest? Was it when Elvis dropped by to visit Nixon? Was it when Willie Nelson lit up the roof? Was it Big Block of Cheese Day? You be the judge and vote on what you think of these funny stories from the White House.

The Wildest Stories from Inside the White House,

Willie Nelson Lit Up on the Roof
If there is one musician who knows his way around weed, it is country music legend Willie Nelson. He's also not shy about his marijuana use. When President Jimmy Carter invited Nelson to spend the night after a concert, he found his way up on the roof with what Nelson described in his autobiography as a "fat Austin torpedo." Party on, Willie.

A Maid Walked in on Reagan While He Was Naked
The staff that maintains the White House works around the clock, including several dozen maids. Ivaniz Silva was one such maid, and she got a real treat when she walked in on then President Reagan in his bedroom; he was in his birthday suit surrounded by papers. She rushed right out.

Andrew Jackson's Inagural Was a Huge Blow Out Bash
Every president gets to throw an inaugural ball to celebrate their swearing in. When President Andrew Jackson took the oath on March, 4, 1829, he invited a few friends back to the White House to honor the occasion. Before long those few friends swelled into a drunken mob that wrecked furniture and broke dishes. Jackson snuck out the back door to avoid the mayhem.

Once in Lifetime White House Prom
For high school seniors, prom is the biggest event of the year. What could be more memorable than throwing that party at the White House? That is exactly what seventeen-year-old Susan Ford did when her dad was President. It was the only time a prom ever took place in POTUS's residence.

Tallest President Meets Shortest General
President Abraham Lincoln stood 6' 4". That made his meeting with General Tom Thumb, who was 35 inches tall, quite the show. The get-together was arranged by master showman PT Barnum. Yes, the circus came to the White House. 

Mr. T Plays Santa For Nancy Reagan
In the early '80s, Mr. T was all the rage. It stands to reason he would be invited to play Santa Claus at the annual White House Christmas Party. First Lady Nancy Reagan was so caught up in the spirit of things, she sat on Mr. T's lap to tell him what she wanted for Christmas. Pity the fool who doesn't find that totally bizarre. 

Lincoln's Ghost Stops By to Say "Boo"
What do Winston Churchill, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, and Maureen Reagan have in common? They all claimed to have seen the ghost of Abraham Lincoln in the White House. Apparently, of all the ghosts who supposedly haunting the White House, Lincoln's is the most popular.

Special Agent Elvis Presley Reported for Duty
On December 21, 1970, President Richard Nixon took a break from making secret recordings to welcome the King of Rock and Roll to the Oval Office. This wasn't the usual "meet and greet," Elvis was on a mission. He wanted to be named Federal Agent-at-Large for the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs. He also wanted a badge. He didn't get either.

First Lady Seances
First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln was way into the occult. She reportedly held numerous seances in the White House. She also claimed to have heard the ghost of Andrew Jackson stomping around the halls, looking for his dead sons. Good times.

Burning Down the White House
Party crashers are one thing, but what about when an entire army shows up uninvited? That happened during the War of 1812, when British troops made their way up the Potomac to the White House. President James Madison wasn't home, but his wife Dolly had to make a fast escape, with a portrait of George Washington in tow. The British took a torch to the place.

Mon, 06 Jun 2016 08:56:21 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/wild-white-house-stories/rick-bitz
<![CDATA[Here's What Presidents Do in Their Final Days in Office]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/last-things-presidents-do-in-office/mike-rothschild
In the US, the last things presidents do are usually tie up loose ends from their administration, say goodbye, and prepare for the transition to the next president. As lame ducks, a president and vice president leaving office have little to do, and on their actual last day, they have even less. The President's last day in office begins with them as leader of the free world and ends with them as a private citizen.

But some presidents have actually managed to get things done on their last days. Laws have been signed, states created, and frantic negotiations have all occurred as the White House was being packed up. Oh, and the pardons. They sign a lot of pardons - sometimes to great controversy.

Here are some of the things presidents do in their last few days in office - from the mundane to the vitally important.

Here's What Presidents Do in Their Final Days in Office,

Issue Pardons
The Constitution allows for the President to grant pardons to those convicted of "offenses against the United States." While presidents can and do issue pardons and grant clemency throughout their term, a long list of last-day-of-work pardons has become traditional for lame ducks. George H.W. Bush controversially pardoned Iran-Contra figure and former Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger, while Jimmy Carter pardoned folk singer Peter Yarrow, who was in prison for taking sexual liberties with an underaged fan.

But most famously, Bill Clinton caused controversy when he issued 140 pardons on his last day, including one to disgraced financier Marc Rich, two members of terrorist organization the Weather Underground, and his woebegone half-brother Roger.

Feud With Their Rivals
The frat boy-ish transition from Clinton to George W. Bush aside, the transition from one president to another has been pretty smooth in modern times. But in the rough-and-tumble early days of America, it could be anything but.

James Monroe spent his last days in office in 1825 rifling through three decades of papers finding proof to support financial claims against the government. John Tyler, the first "accidental president," was the recipient of the first congressional override of a presidential veto in American history on his last day, likely one last insult from a Congress who hated him. And Herbert Hoover and FDR spent the entire transition period feuding over the direction that the economic recovery would take, and especially over a bank holiday that Hoover opposed, and which FDR signed into law on day one.

Take Stuff Home
Leaving the highest office in America and returning to private citizenry is a hard transition. But it helps if you loot the Oval Office before you go. Legend has it that Lyndon Johnson admired the official White House china on board Air Force One so much that he had it shipped back to his ranch in Texas, while the Reagans were investigated by the IRS for taking $25,000 worth of diamonds and a gown home.

Most famously, the Clintons got in some hot water for taking gifts that had officially been given to the White House. They ended up returning about $50,000 worth of furniture and paying the US government for other items they wanted to keep.

Write a Letter to the New President
It's always been a tradition for outgoing presidents to speak to the newly inaugurated POTUS. Legend has it that when he left office with the country on the verge of Civil War, the outgoing James Buchanan told Abraham Lincoln, "If you are as happy, my dear sir, on entering this house as I am in leaving it and returning home, you are the happiest man in this country."

The tradition of the outgoing president writing a letter for the new one started with Ronald Reagan, who left a note for his former Vice President, George H.W. Bush, in the Oval Office desk. It read, in part, "Don't let the turkeys get you down." The content of the letter is usually very personal, and most presidents don't make theirs public until years later.

Sign Some Actual Laws
While the final days of a presidency are marked by fanfare, moving, issuing pardons, and accomplishing little, a few presidents have managed to sneak in some actual legislating in their last days. With two days left in office, Thomas Jefferson signed an act closing US ports to England and France, while John Tyler spent his last day in office signing legislation that admitted Florida to the Union. William Howard Taft vetoed a bill calling for literacy tests for immigrants a few days before his term ended, while Dwight Eisenhower severed diplomatic relations with Cuba just two weeks before he left office.

Prank the Noobs
Presidential transitions are a stressful time, especially if your party or administration lost. So outgoing staffers sometimes blow off steam by pranking the next occupants of the White House. The Clintons set the standard for pranks, or destruction of property if you're less charitable, with their transition in 2001.

Most famously, they took all the "W" keys off the keyboards, ensuring George W. Bush wouldn't be able to type his name. There were also reports of broken glass desktops, tangled phone lines, and "Gore 2000" bumper stickers left in paper trays. Clinton staffers pointed out that when they took the office in 1992, Bush staffers had done the same thing, slathering the office with Bush/Quayle bumper stickers and so on.

Pack Up Their Stuff
The President and First Family usually vacate the White House a few days early, giving the staff time to prepare for the transition to the next First Family - a move that has to be done in hours. President Bush was having boxes moved and paintings wrapped in bubble wrap in his final days, while Ronald Reagan's Oval Office only had a desk left by the last day.

Play a Small Role in the Inauguration
George Washington last move as President of the United States set a precedent we still follow - he attended the inauguration of the guy replacing him, John Adams. Since then, outgoing presidents have always done the same, and in 1837, Martin Van Buren took it a step further by riding in a carriage to the inauguration with newly-elected Andrew Jackson. In the early 20th century, the outgoing president and first lady began arranging luncheons for the incoming president and first lady, a tradition that continues to this day. The outgoing president plays a minor role in the inauguration, and sometimes even reviews the Inaugural Parade with the new president.

But once the new president has been sworn in, the love fest is over. The outgoing president is escorted from the Capitol, gives one final salute, and leaves on Marine One, never to be heard from again. Or at least not until they publish their memoirs. The new president goes to the luncheon their predecessor planned, then parties the night away.

Hand Back the Nuclear Codes
There might be no more sacred responsibility that a president holds than stewarding the codes needed to launch nuclear missiles. And while Washington might be in full-on party mode during an inauguration, that doesn't mean POTUS can't do the unthinkable, should it be necessary.

The details of what exactly happens with the nuclear transition are classified. But during the inauguration, there are two aides carrying the "nuclear football" briefcase with the necessary attack protocols. One is for the old president, which likely goes dead at noon on inauguration day, and one for the new president, which goes live at that exact moment.

Whatever the procedure is for nuclear control transitioning, it's much more formal than simply handing over the card with the codes on it, as Ronald Reagan tried to do in 1989, until he was persuaded not to by Colin Powell.

Tie Up Some Loose Ends
Outgoing presidents usually don't have a lot to do in their final days and spend their final week in the White House saying goodbyes and wrapping things up.This usually means a flurry of phone calls, which is what Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush, and Bill Clinton all did. For Jimmy Carter, however, who was frantically trying to negotiate an end to the Iranian hostage crisis, it meant spending 48 hours straight in the Oval Office - an effort that was for naught, as the Iranians released the hostages the moment Reagan was sworn in.

Mon, 13 Jun 2016 05:41:55 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/last-things-presidents-do-in-office/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[TMI Facts About the Sex Lives of Our Founding Fathers]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/founding-fathers-sex-lives/jacobybancroft
Truth be told, the US Founding Fathers were a bunch of dirty, old men. We might put them on pedestals for their work in getting this whole America thing off the ground, but in reality most of them were just as raunchy as your average Hollywood starlet. Even the most upstanding of them couldn't escape rumors of odd sexual encounters or nasty rumors. What sort of TMI, but still interesting facts about the Founding Fathers' sex lives will you find below? You can be sure you didn't learn them in elementary school.

The most interesting Founding Fathers sex facts range from fairly run of the mill affairs to what Gouverneur Morris allegedly did with a whale bone - an choice that led to his untimely death. Are these sex tales from the men who founded America as shocking as the many Founding Fathers conspiracies? Do any of them change your mind about who the best Founding Father was? Read on and decide for yourself!

TMI Facts About the Sex Lives of Our Founding Fathers,

Benjamin Franklin Had an Insatiable Sexual Appetite
When you learn about Benjamin Franklin in school, you might hear about how he was an eccentric inventor whose brilliant mind helped lead the colonies to revolution and independence. That's all true, except it leaves out the part about how much sex he had.

Franklin, like any upstanding man in colonial times, had a wife by the name of Deborah Read. The two were married for 38 years, but that wasn't enough for Franklin. For powerful men in the colonial era, having a mistress wasn't uncommon, but the sheer number of conquests Franklin amassed was staggering. He seemed to particularly like French women, having torrid affairs with Anna-Louise d'Hardancourt Brillon de Jouy, Madame Foucault, Madame Le Veillard, Countess Houdetot, and others.

Even as he grew older, his sexual appetite would not be quelled as he continued affairs with countless women who threw themselves at him. Even he knew he had a problem, writing in his autobiography that "the hard-to-be-governed passion of my youth had hurried me frequently into intrigues with low women that fell in my way." The term sex addict wasn't a thing back then, but Franklin probably would be a prime example.

Gouverneur Morris Died Sticking a Whale Bone in His Penis
Given that he was one of the most sexually active Founding Fathers, Gouverneur Morris's death could be considered slightly ironic. For a long time, he was having difficulty peeing (historians believe he had some form of prostate cancer) and he needed to do something about it. In an effort to help himself, Morris stuck a whale bone into his urethra to try to unblock it, but instead of fixing whatever was ailing him, the attempt resulted in his death.
Benjamin Franklin Preferred Older Women
Benjamin Franklin was like a Colonial Era Barney Stinson. The man knew how to woo women, and his tips and advice to other men regarding the opposite sex reveal just how accepting he was when it came to his conquests. In fact, he firmly believed older women were the best option when looking for a worthwhile sexual partner. In his paper Advice to a Young Man on the Choice of a Mistress, (he wasn't very subtle with his titles), Franklin talks about how older woman are both more grateful to catch the eye of a younger man and are more experienced when it comes to getting down and dirty. He goes on to say, "regarding what is below the Girdle, it is impossible... to tell an old one from a young one."
Gouverneur Morris Liked to Have Sex in Public
One of the lesser-known Founding Fathers, Gouverneur Morris was also one of the most sexually active. He had a whole gaggle of affairs with countless women and he did it all with one leg. His sexual exploits were so common, many historians believe that Morris lost his leg jumping out of a window when the husband of one of the women he was seeing came home early. He even used his one-legged status to attract more women who were curious about what had happened.

He loved sex so much that he started to spice things up. His affair with Madame de Flahaut lasted more than three years, and as it went on, he recounted how they became more and more adventurous over time. They started doing it all over her house with all the doors open, in their carriage while the carriage driver was seated in front of them, inside a convent, and in many other taboo places.
James Madison's Lack of Sex Drive Drove His Wife to Other Men
We expect presidents to be strong, capable individuals, so it's lucky for James Madison that he was president before the 24-hour news cycle. Why? His appearance wasn't great; he was 5'4" and weighed only about 100 pounds. His wife, Dolley Madison, was reported to be three inches taller than him and absolutely beautiful. Her grace would put men "in pouts" whenever she walked by. Although she was stunning, James apparently didn't have much of an interest in her. He was too busy to devote any time to his beautiful wife, which allegedly caused her to seek the company of other men.
Thomas Jefferson Had an Affair with a Slave
It was one of the first major sex scandals of the young nation and debate over what is and isn't true continues to this day. The fact that Thomas Jefferson probably sired a few children with his slave, Sally Hemings, has left scholars baffled and historians confused. Rumors about his affair had been around for a while, but it was only after political journalist James Callender wrote about how Jefferson "kept, as his concubine, one of his own slaves," that the scandal started to grow. His opponents used it against him and started to spread the story in newspapers while Jefferson was still in office in order to weaken public opinion about him.
Alexander Hamilton Had a Possible Homosexual Relationship with John Laurens
Historians have discussed the possibility that Alexander Hamilton had a homosexual relationship with his friend, John Laurens, while the two were assisting George Washington during the Revolution. People have taken to analyzing the letters the two sent each other and have wondered if there was something deeper between the two men.

Some choice lines between the two include Hamilton telling Laurens, "I wish... it might be in my power, by action rather than words to convince you that I love you," and, "You should not have taken advantage of my sensibility to steal into my affections without my consent." The continued correspondence between the two suggests Hamilton was a man with a wide appetite for pleasures that comfortably included homosexuality.
Alexander Hamilton Had a Very Public Affair
Alexander Hamilton had one of the most public affairs of any of the Founding Fathers. While his wife was away for the summer, Hamilton found himself unable to say no to the alluring Maria Reynolds and the two began an affair. Turns out, Maria was married and when her husband returned, he demanded money from Hamilton in exchange for keeping quiet. As smart as Hamilton was, he was at least dumb enough to continue the affair.

A pattern was established that went like this: Maria's husband would leave, Maria would invite Hamilton over to have sex, Maria's husband would return and demand money, Hamilton would pay. Repeat. It got so bad that eventually Hamilton had to announce the affair to the public (or else face career suicide), something that understandably severely affected his marriage.
George Washington Was in Love with Someone Other Than his Wife
By all accounts, George Washington's wife, Martha, seemed like the perfect match for America's Founding Father. Although the two seemed made for each other, George's heart belonged to another - the beautiful Sally Fairfax. The two grew up together and Fairfax taught Washington everything he needed to know about high society.

Even though he loved her, he could never be with her. He came from a middle class upbringing, while she came from a much more elegant way of living. Back then, their pairing would never have worked, but it didn't stop Washington from forever carrying a torch for Fairfax. Even when he was engaged to Martha, Washington told Fairfax how much he loved her and wanted to be with her.
Thomas Jefferson Tried to Woo His Neighbor's Wife
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife, Mr. Jefferson! If the rumors are true, Thomas Jefferson was not very neighborly to his neighbor, John Walker. In letters released by Henry Lee (who, it should be noted, was one of Jefferson's rivals), there were reports from Jefferson's neighbor, Walker, that Jefferson often tried to seduce Walker's wife while he was away on business. The letters go on to explain that Jefferson was extremely improper in the way that he treated her, and kept trying to convince her of "the innocence of promiscuous love."

Source: Sex and the Founding Fathers: The American Quest for a Relatable Past

Wed, 25 May 2016 09:21:19 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/founding-fathers-sex-lives/jacobybancroft
<![CDATA[The Most Notorious Failed Assassination Attempts in US History]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/failed-us-assassination-attempts-and-plots/mike-rothschild
While four US presidents have been assassinated, there have been assassination attempts or plots on almost every major holder of the White House. Barack Obama has seen over a dozen different assassination plots foiled, and he's far from the first. Most were the work of mentally ill malcontents, and came off as either incompetent or poorly planned. But a few assassination plots nearly came off, and have killed a number of people.
As befitting a president whose election was the final cause of the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln was the target of two plots before he was actually assassinated. Some would-be killers have taken aim at presidents-elect, while others have plotted against former presidents. Using guns, bombs, or knives, potential assassins have ranged from disgruntled government office seekers to deranged loners hearing voices, but all have nearly changed history with their actions.

Here are some of the most brazen failed attempts to kill presidents in American history.

The Most Notorious Failed Assassination Attempts in US History,

Puerto Rican Nationalists Nearly Shoot Truman
As a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico has long had an active nationalist movement fighting for independence. The conflict between nationalists and US-backed forces got so bad in 1950 that it nearly ended with the assassination of President Truman.

On October 30, uprisings in half a dozen towns ended with a small town nearly flattened by bombing and artillery fire, and at least three rebels were killed. Puerto Rican nationalists in the US were outraged, and two hatched a plan to kill Truman in response. They shot and killed a police officer outside Blair House, where Truman was living while the White House was undergoing renovations. They attempted to enter the house itself, but one was killed and the other arrested. Truman was napping just one floor above the gunfight.

The FDR Miami Shooting
Just weeks before his inauguration, President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt was giving a speech in Miami when he was shot at five times. The shots fired by Italian anarchist Giuseppe Zangara all missed Roosevelt, however, as he was grabbed my crowd members and began wildly firing. He did, however, hit a number of other people, most notably, Chicago mayor Anton Cermak - who died several weeks later.

Zangara was said to be suffering from debilitating mental and physical conditions, and pleaded guilty to all the charges against him. When Cermak died, Zangara was given the death penalty, and executed just 10 days later.

An Assassin Shoots Lincoln's Hat
During the worst of the Civil War, President Lincoln took to working late into the night at the Soldiers Home, three miles from the White House. One night, while riding to the Home by himself (as was his habit), a lone rifle shot flew through his hat, sending Lincoln's horse running. Lincoln arrived at the Home unscathed and told his bodyguards, who went back out and found the hat with a bullet hole in it. The shot missed Lincoln's head by inches.

Andrew Jackson Takes Matters Into His Own Hands
The first known assassination attempt against a US president came on January 30, 1835. Just outside the Capitol Building, Andrew Jackson was attacked by a house painter named Richard Lawrence, who attempted to shoot Jackson with two pistols. Fortunately for the president, both misfired due to the damp air.

Presidential protection wasn't quite what it is today, as Jackson himself grabbed Lawrence and beat him severely with his cane. Lawrence was found not guilty by reason of insanity, and future scholars determined it was likely the chemicals in the paint he used that drove him to the brink. He died in a mental institution.

Teddy Roosevelt Takes a Bullet and Keeps on Talking
America's most legendary failed presidential assassination attempt took place on October 14, 1912 - and the target wasn't even president yet. Teddy Roosevelt had pledged not to run for a third term, but was drawn back into the fold for the 1912 election, running on a progressive ticket against his former friend William Howard Taft. While speaking in Milwaukee, Roosevelt was shot in the chest by New York bar owner William Schrank. The .38 caliber bullet was slowed by Roosevelt's 50-page speech, which was folded over in his pocket, and lodged in his chest. After ensuring Schrank wasn't lynched, Roosevelt then checked to make sure he wasn't dying. He wasn't, so he went right on speaking. He took two weeks off to recover, then hit the campaign trail again.

The shooting was the high point of Roosevelt's 1912 campaign, which split votes with Taft and sent Woodrow Wilson to the White House.

Argentine Anarchists Try to Blow Up Herbert Hoover
Just a few weeks after being elected in 1928, but before he took office, Herbert Hoover embarked on a two month tour of Latin America to promote trade partnerships. While in Argentina, police became aware of a plot to bomb Hoover's railroad car, and searched the home of known anarchist Manuel Scarzo. Authorities found a cache of guns, bombs, and most alarmingly, a rail map with Hoover’s path highlighted in red.

Hoover himself didn't mention the incident in his Argentina speech, and downplayed it for the rest of his life.

Taft Goes to Mexico, and Nearly Doesn't Return
It took until 1909 for a president to cross the border and go to Mexico. When William Howard Taft planned a summit with Mexico's President Diaz in a disputed part of Juarez, a massive security presence was requested. Eventually, thousands of US and Mexican troops, Texas Rangers, FBI agents, Secret Service agents, and private security guards all converged on the small strip of land holding the summit. The precautions paid off, as the head of the private security detail and a Texas Ranger spotted and disarmed a man carrying a palm pistol standing just feet from Taft and Diaz.

Zionists Attempt to Bomb Truman
In 1947, Harry Truman was nearly the victim of a letter bomb sent by the Zionist Stern Gang. British intelligence alerted the Secret Service to a plot by the Gang to bomb British officials, and had already found one envelope containing explosive powder and a small detonator. Sure enough, the White House mail room found such a letter, and it was quickly defused. The incident was hushed up, and not revealed to the public until Truman's daughter Margaret published her memoirs in 1972.

The JFK Car Bomb Plot
It doesn't take a conspiracy to kill a president - sometimes just one guy with a bomb will have a chance. Such is the case with the December 11, 1960, near-assault on John F. Kennedy. While vacationing in Palm Beach, President-elect Kennedy was threatened by 73-year-old former postal worker Richard Pavlick.

Pavlick intended to crash his dynamite-laden Buick into Kennedy's vehicle as it left his compound, but is said to have changed his mind after seeing Kennedy's wife and daughter waving goodbye to him. Pavlick was arrested three days later after being stopped for a driving violation when explosives were found in the car. He was determined to be a violent anti-Catholic who plotted to kill Kennedy because of his wealth. He spent six years in prison.

Lincoln and the Baltimore Plot
With the nation on the verge of civil war in February 1861, president-elect Lincoln's personal bodyguard Allan Pinkerton became convinced there was a plot afoot to kill him in Baltimore, as he journeyed to his inauguration. Lincoln at first wanted to proceed as planned during the day, but would eventually pass through Baltimore in disguise during the middle of the night. Meanwhile, the Lincoln family used a dummy train to throw off what Pinkerton believed were a cadre of assassins waiting with knives to stab Lincoln as he changed trains. The existence of the plot was never proven, and Lincoln was deeply embarrassed by the affair.

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 07:05:13 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/failed-us-assassination-attempts-and-plots/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Bizarre Stuff That Dictators Collected]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bizarre-stuff-that-dictators-collected/mike-rothschild
Dictators typically rule by fear, intimidation, and making themselves the center of a cult of personality. But while doing so, they also tend to develop strange habits - and with the money to indulge those habits, you wind up with some collections of weird stuff. Most despots spend lavishly on clothes, cars, homes, and imported food. But not all of them pile up what these dictators have amassed.

While every dictator needs a palace, none had as many as Saddam Hussein had collected and nobody had as many shoes as Imelda Marcos, cars as the Shah, or fake military awards as Idi Amin. Dictator collections can be as concrete as gold guns, or as ephemeral as honorary titles. The important thing is that they be weird - and obtained through money stolen from starving people.

Here are some of the strangest things dictators collected - some of which you can even buy yourself!

Bizarre Stuff That Dictators Collected,

Adolf Hitler
While Hitler spent lavishly on the usual dictator trappings of palaces and cars, he was also a collector of rare books. Most were German nationalist works, or poetry, but also classic novels, memoirs, cheap detective stories, and American-style Westerns. He was well-known for constantly having books with him, and piles more in his various residences - with a stack of books found near his body in the Berlin bunker.

By the end of World War II, Hitler had amassed such a massive store of rare books that they had to be stored in a salt mine - where members of the US 101st Airborne Division found them. Many now reside in the Library of Congress.

Idi Amin
The vicious Ugandan tyrant was looked on with equal parts terror and derision - and both for good reasons. After seizing power in 1971, Amin began festooning himself with a chest full of medals reflecting a brilliant military career - which he didn't have. Amin collected fake citations for bravery the way other people collect shot glasses, awarding himself with honors he never won, or that didn't exist.

By the end of his reign, he was referring to himself as "His Excellency, President for Life, Field Marshal Al Hadji Doctor Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Seas and Conqueror of the British Empire in Africa in General and Uganda in Particular." Needless to say, he never won the Victoria Cross (making up his own version called a "Victorious Cross"), Distinguished Service Order, or the Military Cross - all of which were the highest military awards in the British Empire. Oh, and he wasn't a doctor, either.

Imelda Marcos
While Imelda Marcos was the wife of Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos, she played a critical role in his administration. Their relationship was known as the "conjugal dictatorship" and she did the bulk of the spending in the marriage. While she lavishly blew money on everything from jewelry to a thousand purses to luxury food (she's said to have once forced her private plane to turn around and fly back to Rome during the middle of a trans-Atlantic flight when she realized she forgot to buy cheese).

But it was her shoe collection that made international headlines after the Marcos family was deposed. The number of pairs of shoes Imelda left behind has been estimated to fall anywhere between 1,000 and 7,500 - though she pegs it at exactly 1,060. The designer shoes, from the greatest designers in the world, were split between two museums, where many have been destroyed by floods and termites.

Joseph Stalin
Like a number of other dictators, Stalin fancied himself an artist as well as a military leader. He loved film, and had an extensive collection of film prints - most notably a large cache of American Westerns. Stalin was a particular fan of director John Ford, screening his Westerns at all hours during marathon film watching/drinking sessions. However, Stalin did not approve of John Wayne's ardent anti-Communism stance, and contemplated having the Duke assassinated.

Kim Jong-il
North Korea's dictator from 1994 to 2011 spent hugely on luxury goods, as well as 30,000 DVDs and tapes of Hollywood films. But Kim also collected something you couldn't put a price on: titles. As leader of a cult of personality, Kim's name was never to be mentioned without official superlatives. And there were a lot.

According to The Economist, Kim died with over 1,200 different titles bestowed on him, from variations on "dear leader" (great, brilliant, unique, etc.) to military honors that he didn't earn ("Glorious General, Who Descended From Heaven") to operatic nonsense like "Eternal Bosom of Hot Love," "Master of the Computer Who Surprised the World," and "Guardian Deity of the Planet." Even in death, he kept piling up titles, being named "Eternal General Secretary of the Party" in 2012.

Kim Jong-un
Despite only being in power since 2011, the youngest North Korean Dear Leader has more than made up for lost time with his spending. Watchers of the Hermit Kingdom estimate that Kim is blowing nearly a billion dollars a year - more than the GDP of North Korea itself. Besides the usual (dozens of cars, a yacht, a ski resort, countless gallons of booze, Danish pork, Iranian caviar, etc), Kim has reportedly bought at least three dozen grand pianos.

Does Kim even play the piano? Nobody actually knows. But he's spending millions on them, while his country prepares for yet another famine.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
While owning a fleet of luxury cars is standard issue for 20th century despots, Iran's last Shah before the Islamic Revolution took his need for speed to ludicrous heights. Pahvali, deposed in 1979, is said to have owned a staggering 3,000 cars, ranging from American muscle cars to a Rolls Royce from 1908, a Mercedes said to have been owned by Hitler, and even one-of-a-kind European models built just for him.

The cars were confiscated after the Revolution, but about 120 now sit in a National Museum, with thousands of others rotting away in warehouses, parks, or garages. A few have been sold off to collectors and celebrities.

Muammar al-Gaddafi
Like a real life Goldfinger, Gaddafi loved the glittery stuff. His palaces were stuffed with golden trappings, from railings to cutlery to toilets. He even had a gold-dipped flyswatter. But when the Libyan dictator was captured and killed by rebels, he was found with a gold-plated Browning 9mm pistol - an item that perfectly summed up his opulent brutality.

As it turned out, the 9mm was just one of a number of gold-plated guns the dictator owned (the weapons weren't actually made of gold, which is too soft to withstand the violent recoil of a gun being fired). Many others were found at Gaddafi's compound, including a Makarov pistol and several rifles. But the most over-the-top is a diamond-and-jewel encrusted Beretta featuring countless gems, as well as the dictator's name written in tiny stones above a rearing horse.

Saddam Hussein
Saddam spent lavishly on pretty much everything one can purchase, from gold toilets to cheetahs. But what Saddam collected more than anything else were palaces to hold the crap he bought. He had anywhere from 70 to 100 monstrous mansions built - one in every major Iraqi city. Just his eight main palaces held over 1,000 buildings and covered 12 square miles.

Built over two decades, they were given to party flunkies, family members, and mistresses, and each one was ornately built out of the finest marble, gold, and artwork. The palaces sit mostly in disrepair now, with some used by the US Army and others abandoned.

Viktor Yanukovych
During his brutal four years as President of Ukraine, Yanukovych managed to do everything from censor the press and imprison opponents to cut benefits for Chernobyl cleanup workers. All the while, he was taking massive bribes and enriching himself with a private palace.

When Yanukovych was ousted, the palace was stormed by activists, who found the usual retinue of luxury cars, zoo animals, and garish gold crap. But they also found a collection of vodka bottles personally branded with Yanukovych's face.

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 08:36:55 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bizarre-stuff-that-dictators-collected/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Bizarre Obsessions of Dangerous Dictators]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bizarre-obsessions-of-dangerous-dictators/mike-rothschild
The stone cold fact about being a dictator is that you get to be obsessed with whatever you want. Many strongmen have applied this to personal wealth, stockpiling vast hordes of cash, luxury goods, and homes. But sometimes dictators become fixated on things that are more unique. Often it's extremely unusual, but sometimes, it's as mundane as some food they like.

Fidel Castro was obsessed with ice cream and milk. Ugandan tyrant Idi Amin had a fixation with Scotland that bordered on demented. And Joseph Stalin spent the last years of his life doodling cryptic comments and jokes on classical nude drawings. Kim Jong Un reportedly has gorged himself on Swiss cheese to the point of crippling physical illness. Why did any of these dictators do these things? Because they could, of course.

Here are some of the most bizarre obsiessions of dictators of the last century.

Bizarre Obsessions of Dangerous Dictators,

Adolf Hitler
Hitler had numerous obsessions, throwing himself into everything from Disney films (Snow White was a favorite, while Mickey Mouse was derided as degenerate) to lusting after young girls. But the obsession that did more to shape the Fuhrer's childhood was the western novels of hugely-popular 19th Century German writer Karl May.

May wrote adventure stories set all over the world, from Asia to the Middle East. But he was best known for his hugely popular tales set in the American Old West, featuring the brave heroes Winnetou, a fictional Apache chief, and Old Shatterhand, Winnetou's German blood brother (who May claimed was based on himself).

If an Austrian kid obsessing about a German's depiction of an Apache warrior's adventures in America sounds unbelievable, just listen to Hitler's own words in Mein Kampf: "The first Karl May that I read was The Ride Across the Desert. I was overwhelmed! I threw myself into him immediately which resulted in a noticeable decline in my grades."

While May was more or less a fraud, whose purported alter ego of Old Shatterhand was a fiction (indeed, May never went west of Buffalo in America), Hitler's May obsession continued into World War II. He ordered German children to read the books, and army officers to study them in preparation to fight the Russians. He extolled Winnetou's bravery and Old Shatterhand's cunning. And even as Allied bombing made paper scarce, Hitler ordered hundreds of thousands of May books printed, even as late as 1945. Even when May's fraud was revealed, Hitler praised him, saying his imagination was boundless.

Shockingly, May's books are STILL popular in Germany, and even had a film series made from them in the 1960s.

Ferdinand Marcos

Dictator Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines was  obsessed with numerology, particularly the number seven. When Marcos declared martial law, he wanted to make sure his seizure of power took place on days that either ended in seven or were divisible by seven.

History got in the way, but then-President Marcos had an answer. On September 22, 1972, the Secretary of Defense Enrile was ambushed in an attack that was likely staged by Marcos. The next day, Marcos appeared on television to announce he was placing the Philippines under martial law by virtue of Proclamation No. 1081 - which he claimed he signed on September 21. That day became a national holiday, and much of the population actually became convinced that martial law had actually begun before the incident that sparked the martial law.

Marcos' reign lasted, naturally, 21 years before he was deposed in 1989. Even after that, the Filipino legislature retained its superstitious nature. In 2005, Cabinet Bill No. 7 was introduced to the National Assembly, legislation allowing for snap presidential elections. The bill proposed a campaign length of 57 days and an election date of February 7.

Fidel Castro
The former dictator of Cuba was obsessed with dairy products, in particular milk and ice cream. His entire history as a revolutionary and later as the leader of Cuba is studded with stories about his obnoxious love of milk, conspicuous consumption of ice cream, and efforts to make Cuba a world leader in dairy production.

Biographers tell stories of El Presidente eating dozens of scoops of ice cream in one sitting. His chocolate milkshake habit was such that the CIA planned to poison one with botulinium toxin. He was devoted to Howard Johnson's ice cream to the point of ordering his Canadian ambassador to ship him 28 containers of the stuff, one of each flavor. Then, unsatisfied with Cuba's products, he had a city-block sized ice cream parlor built in Havana, and kept it running from 10 until 2 AM.

Beyond that, Castro involved himself in cheesemaking and cattle buying importing Canadian cows to create a Cuban version of the famous Holstein milking cow. Cuba's climate was terrible for the cows, who failed to make much milk. So Castro ordered genetic engineering in the form of breeding super Cuban cows. One success story made so much milk that when she died, her eggs were saved for cloning. He then tried to breed mini-cows that every Cuban family could have in their home. The effort failed.

Idi Amin
Ugandan dictator Idi Amin's obsession with Scotland went way beyond haggis and Irvine Welsh novels. Amin first learned of the country when he had Scottish commanding officers while serving in the UK's King’s African Rifles. He was said to enjoy both Scottish dancing and whiskey, and after taking absolute power over, he still sought to link Uganda and Scotland through both colonial power and derision of England. “If you go to Scotland, you will talk to the people," Amin said in recently unveiled footage. "They will welcome you to their house. With the English, if they see a black man they see [sic] he is monkey or dog.”

In 1974, he kindly offered to be the new king of Scotland. Then he created a "Save Britain Fund" to take food from starving Ugandans and give it to Scotland (who didn't really need it), and in1976, hired an African-American band to march in the streets of Uganda wearing full kilt regalia and playing drums and bagpipes. However, Amin's crush wasn't returned, and in 1977, he was banned from a Commonwealth event. He threatened to invade the UK, and soldiers were stationed at Glasgow and Edinburgh airports in case the deranged dictator appeared with “at least 250 of his very formidable bodyguard.” Two years later, Amin invaded Tanzania, was deposed, and fled to Saudi Arabia.

Joseph Stalin
Uncle Joe had a number of obsessions, everything from "Soviet style" film and architecture to masterminding bizarre ways for his enemies to be killed (he ordered one foe to be dispatched with "an axe wrapped in a wet, quilted jacket" for example). But he also really liked defacing classical drawings of nude men with crude notes or comments.

Some scholars claim his schoolboy sense of humor was being demonstrated in the comments he'd leave on prints  by 19th-century artists. Others believe he disdained this style of art, and found it unacceptable for Communist eyes. All of the comments were left in pen and were on sketches of men Stalin didn't know. And they ranged from simple doodles to veiled shots at enemies he'd already purged, such as one comment written on the leg of a nude man that read "Ginger bastard Radek, if he had not pissed against the wind, if he had not been angry, he would still be alive." It's almost certain that "Radek" was Karl Radek, a compatriot of Stalin who had fallen out with the dictator, and been killed in prison.

Others were admonitions that the drawing subject masturbated too much, needed underpants, or was too thin. A few were singled out for praise, with one being called a "Soviet David." It appears from the writing style that the defacements were made in the last year's of Stalin's life, and were secret until being sold to a private collector and shown in 2009.

Kim Jong-un
For six weeks during Autumn, 2014, North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un vanished from the public eye. While the state said only that he had an "uncomfortable physical condition," a North Korean defector who'd been Kim's personal chef revealed the cause to be massive weight gain from the dictator's obsession with eating Swiss cheese, as he gorged on it daily in an effort to put on weight and look more like his father.

Sources said Kim is so addicted that he has it imported in bulk and binges on it in everything from sandwiches to fondue. He's also said to be unhappy with the country's cheese-makers as they've struggled to make an Emmenthaller cheese as good as what he could get in Switzerland as a student. Whatever the case, Kim was thought to have gained so much weight that he'd ballooned over 300 pounds, had fractured one or both of his ankles, and was suffering from severe stomach problems and gout.

When he returned to the public eye in October 2014, he walked with a limp and was noticeably larger.

Mao Zedong
China's history of excellence in calligraphy was taken to new heights by Chairman Mao, who was completely obsessed with the flowery script of the nation's past. An avid poet and writer, Mao often had political documents produced by ink and brush rather than by typewriter, even in the early days of the Revolution. Propaganda images of Mao often show him holding a calligrapher's pen in his hand.

As leaser of China, Mao’s personal writing was considered beautiful. His distinctive style was used everywhere from the masthead of the People’s Daily newspaper and the signage of the Beijing Railway Station to mosquito nets. It even gained a name - "Mao-style."

Not content with his own excellence, he ordered his elite Red Guards to  destroy traditional works of calligraphy, and had his own script used on the armbands of the Red Guards doing the destruction. Even after his fall from grace, Mao-style calligraphy is still given respect in modern China, and his distinctive style still appears on cigarettes, cars, in museums, and on word processor fonts.

Muammar al-Gaddafi
The late Libyan strongman was obsessed with beautiful African women in general, keeping a posse of them around as bodyguards, and paying hundreds of others to attend his lectures. But his roving eye fell hard on one particular woman: Condoleezza Rice.

"Yes, Leezza, Leezza, Leezza... I love her very much," the dictator told Al Jazeera in 2007. And he meant it. Gaddafi kept a fully updated picture book of her, and referred to her as his “darling black African woman.” When she visited him in Tripoli, he showered her with $212,000 worth of gifts that included a lute, a massive ring, an autographed copy of his book, and a locket with his picture inside. Oh, and he commissioned a Libyan composer to write a song about her, called "‘Black Flower in the White House." Rice reportedly found the obsession a little creepy, but wasn't put off enough to not have dinner with the strongman.

Nicolae Ceaușescu
The Romanian strongman was typical of Cold War era Eastern Bloc dictators. He plundered his nation while ruthlessly repressing both his people and his enemies, who were usually the same. But Ceausescu was unique in the sheer level of his paranoia. He jealously protected his food supply, and the care he took in protecting his clothing bordered on total insanity.

He feared that his enemies were trying to kill him by poisoning his clothing, which led him to wear a different suit each day. The once-worn suit would then be burned, and a new one picked out from his stockpile of suits, which was kept in a locked repository. His staff were assigned to protect his clothing from radiation and bacteria, and his family employed its own engineer just to scan clothes and food for chemical, biological, or radiological hazards. Eventually the dictator and his equally clothing-obsessed wife were brought to heel by the Romanian people and shot by a firing squad.

Saparmurat Niyazov

Tiny Turkmenistan's president-for-life Saparmurat Niyazov established a cult of personality that rivaled those of North Korea's Kim family or Joseph Stalin. Niyazov wanted nothing less than to remake his nation in his own image - and he did a great job.

Most famously, he had a 50 foot gold-plated statue of himself built - and ensured that it revolved so it always faced the sun. He named cities, a theme park, theaters, various consumer products, the month of January, and even a meteorite after himself. After giving up smoking in 1997, he decried that all his ministers must also do so. He wrote a new national anthem, had statues of himself placed in every corner of the nation, and ordered the national TV stations to show only live feeds of his own meetings.

And like any good dictator, he wrote a self-aggrandizing book on Turkmen identity and history. Naturally, he made it required reading in schools and universities. He had a copy of the book ejected out of a Russian space shuttle to say he "conquered outer space" and built a gigantic statue of the book that electronically read out passages every night. Citizens even had to pass a test on the book before being granted a driving license.

Niyazov died in 2006, and was buried in a $100 million Kipchak mosque, a building of his own design, that he decorated with gold-leaf inscriptions of passages from his book. As a final insult, he left control of the country to his dentist. 

Mon, 28 Mar 2016 04:49:39 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/bizarre-obsessions-of-dangerous-dictators/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Celebrities Moving to Canada if Trump is Elected]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/celebrities-moving-to-canada-if-trump-is-elected/garret-hoffman
This is a list of celebrity names you'd be glad to see leave the US if a particular candidate is elected.

Celebrities Moving to Canada if Trump is Elected,

Al Sharpton

Barry Diller


Eddie Griffin

Miley Cyrus


Rosie O'Donnell

Samuel L. Jackson

Whoopi Goldberg

Omari Hardwick

Thu, 03 Mar 2016 08:32:53 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/celebrities-moving-to-canada-if-trump-is-elected/garret-hoffman
<![CDATA[22 Cringey Times Candidates Lost Control of the Conversation]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-candidates-losing-control-of-the-conversation/jacob-shelton
If the 2016 presidential candidates are good at one thing, it’s being derailed by everything from inanimate objects, to protesters, and even other candidates while they try to get their point across. For viewers, the 2016 election cycle has been one of the most exciting, if not harrowing, elections in recent memory. Most people would blame all the excitement on Donald Trump, who’s managed to maintain his stranglehold on the conservative party despite his unpopularity with its leaders, but he’s not the only candidate who’s decided to let their freak flag fly. Either because of, or in spite of Trump’s WWE attitude towards the campaign cycle, there seems to have been more mudslinging and name calling in 2016 than in any other year. In fact, during some of the larger GOP debates it felt like Chris Christie was going to crack a steel chair over Marco Rubio before cutting to a promo about how he’s the champion of New Jersey. This list compiles some of the most cringeworthy moments of the 2016 candidates losing control of the conversation.

Some of these videos of candidates letting their campaigns completely spiral out of control are so hard to watch that you’re going to need to take a break and maybe watch kitten cuddle party to break up the nonstop train wreck footage that’s assembled before you. And if you’re worried that this mess isn't being bipartisan enough, don’t worry, there's plenty of footage of Hillary and Bernie losing their cool and completely shutting down, too.
22 Cringey Times Candidates Lost Control of the Conversation,

Donald Trump
At a Trump Rally in Vermont, The Donald could never really build up his momentum of hatred because of all the dang protesters. So instead of talking about birth certificates or whatever he ate that morning, he decided to point out the protesters in the strangest game of whack-a-mole ever.
Hillary Clinton
While giving a speech at a private fundraiser, Clinton was interrupted by Black Lives Matter protesters over her support of a bill that would bring down the hammer on inner city gang members. Clinton tries her best to handle the situation, but she comes off more like an angry step-mother than someone trying to engage with constituents.
Ted Cruz
While arguing with Ted Cruz about whether or not he's a conservative, Donald Trump interrupted Cruz to call him a liar, and a "nasty guy."
That Time Jeb Bush Tried to Get Tough
Poor Jeb Bush, he can't even puff up his chest to Donald Trump without the bad boy billionaire swatting him away like a fly. Better luck next time, Jeb.
Chris Christie and Marco Rubio Argue About Whose Record Is Worse
At a HUGE GOP debate in February 2016, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie pulled out his claws and got into a cat fight with Senator Marco Rubio about their respective political pasts. The cherry on top of this awful sundae comes when Rubio mentions that Christie didn't even want to go back to his home state after a snow storm that wrecked New Jersey.
Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz Argue with 8th Grade Spanish
Ted Cruz took us all back to junior high when he tried to prove how tough he would be on immigration. How'd he do it? By throwing Marco Rubio under the bus for giving an interview in Spanish. Rubio commented that Cruz doesn't even speak Spanish and then Cruz started yelling in Spanish like he was in the kitchen of an El Pollo Loco.
Bernie Sanders Tries to Handle Black Lives Matter Protesters
At a campaign rally in Seattle, Sanders was immediately derailed by a small group of Black Lives Matters protesters who rushed the stage saying that either they speak or the rally was being shut down. Sanders let the protesters speak their peace before getting on with his rally.
Donald Trump Tells His Security to Get Protesters the Hell Out of There
Donald Trump, hero of the working man, has his personal security throw a protester out who interrupted him mid-speech, just like anyone else would.
Ted Cruz Freaks Out on a Moderator
At a CNBC GOP Debate, Ted Cruz really tried to pump up his whole "Conservative Superhero" thing by arguing with the moderators about asking him lame questions.
Ted Cruz and Donald Trump Clash Over Cruz's Birth Certificate
At the Fox Business Debate (whatever that is!) Ted Cruz responded to Donald Trump questioning his citizenship and after making some sort of case for naturalization, these two fellows got into a real dust up over what it truly means to be an American.

Wed, 02 Mar 2016 03:02:48 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-candidates-losing-control-of-the-conversation/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[Politicians Who Committed Suicide]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-committed-suicide/mike-rothschild
Political suicides in American history go back all the way to the founding of the country. Numerous state, local, and even national politicians have killed themselves, for reasons ranging from ill health to legal trouble. Some have even killed themselves in office, sitting at their desks. They range from popular governors to obscure representatives - but they all took their own lives.

Likely the most famous politician who killed himself was R. Budd Dwyer, the Pennsylvania treasurer who took his own life in a nationally televised press conference. But other important figures including the first Secretary of Defense, and the leader of the Republican Party in California, have killed themselves as well. Stress, financial problems, and failing health are just some of the reasons.

This list compiles some of the most prominent American politicians to kill themselves, either in or after they served, as well as some international politicians who committed suicide.

Politicians Who Committed Suicide,

Edward I. Edwards
Edwards had served New Jersey as both Governor and Senator, and had even run for President in 1920, though he dropped out after the seventh ballot at the Democratic Convention. In the space of a year, he lost his re-election bid for the Senate, his wife died, he was implicated in an electoral fraud scandal, and he was wiped out in the Crash of 1929. Diagnosed with cancer, he shot himself in 1931. 

Frank B. Brandegee
After 22 years as a Representative and Senator from Connecticut, Brandegee killed himself while in office. By 1924, the staunch conservative was sick and facing financial pressure from bad investments, and inhaled fumes from a gas light in his home.

George P. Lawrence
From Pennsylvania, Lawrence had been in the House of Representatives for 16 years, and after leaving office, became head of a World War I draft exemption board. Under enormous pressure, and suffering from what an account at the time called "nervous trouble," he jumped to his death from an eighth-story window.

John Milton
Distraught over the fate of the Confederacy, Florida governor John Milton committed suicide by gunshot on April 1, 1865. In his suicide note, he claimed, "death would be preferable to reunion" between the Union and Confederacy.

Joseph M. McCormick
Part of the Chicago McCormick newspaper dynasty, Joseph McCormick (he also went by his middle name of Medill) represented Illinois in both the House and Senate. In 1924, he lost his re-election bid, and he shot himself in early 1925.

Martin H. Glynn
Glynn had a distinguished career as a public servant, holding a range of positions in New York State before becoming the first Irish Catholic governor of New York in 1913, after the previous governor was removed from office. He was defeated in a re-election bid, and went on to help broker peace and independence for Ireland in 1921. In 1924, he shot himself due to pain from a lifelong spinal injury. 

Meriwether Lewis
One half of the famed explorer duo Lewis and Clark, Meriwether Lewis returned home to become the Governor of the Louisiana Territory. He died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in October, 1809 in Tennessee. The circumstances of his death are still mysterious and while he'd written his will before going (and was deeply in debt), it's possible he was murdered by robbers on the old Natchez Trace road.

Robert Adams, Jr.
Also known as Bertie, Adams had served in the Pennsylvania state senate, and then in the House of Representatives for 13 years. He'd also briefly been foreign minister to Brazil. His most notable action in Congress was drafting and introducing the formal declaration of war against Spain that kicked off the Spanish-American War. He'd lost a great deal of money in stock speculation, and shot himself in 1906.

Thomas Caute Reynolds
No relation to Thomas Reynolds, Thomas Caute Reynolds served the people of Missouri as US Attorney, and then Lieutenant Governor. When the Civil War broke out, Missouri became a border state with two separate governments, until it was taken by the Union in 1863. The governor of Missouri had died a year earlier, leaving Reynolds to run a state that didn't actually exist and from which he had been exiled. When the war ended, he fled to Mexico, and never actually carried out the duties of Governor.

By1887, he feared he was losing his mental capacity and killed himself by jumping down an elevator shaft. 

Thomas Reynolds
Reynolds had been Governor of Missouri for four years when he shot himself in the head in 1844 while sitting at his desk in the executive mansion. He had been harshly criticized for his actions as governor, and friends believed he was suffering from "melancholy." He had previously served as Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court.

Mon, 30 Nov 2015 04:30:10 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-committed-suicide/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[U.S. Presidents & the Booze They Drank, Ranked]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-with-the-best-taste-in-booze/mike-rothschild
The history of presidential drinking starts with George Washington, who actually had the largest whiskey distillery in America at the time. Since then, the US has had presidents who drank bottles of wine, gallons of beer, every manner of whiskey - and sometimes, nothing at all. Some presidents drank staggering amounts, while others barely took a sip in office.

Presidential cocktails have included Washington's insanely strong "Fish House Punch," JFK's daiquiris, and Lyndon Johnson's bottomless cup of Cutty Sark and soda. American presidents have enjoyed the best wines in the world and bathtub gin, Chinese grain alcohol and homemade beer, bourbon for breakfast and lonely belts of scotch.

Here is your chance to rank every American president by their taste in alcohol. Did they like the good stuff, or were they teetotalling scolds - or even worse, raging alcoholics?

U.S. Presidents & the Booze They Drank, Ranked,

Chester A. Arthur
A widower when he reached the White House, Arthur spent lavishly on feasts, clothes and booze. He's known to have enjoyed whiskey and Madeira, and when pressed by a Women's Christian Temperance Union member to ban alcohol in the White House, he thundered at her to mind her own business.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Roosevelt won the hearts of booze-loving Americans everywhere, first when he signed a bill legalizing the sale of 3.2% alcohol "near beer," then when he signed the 21st Amendment, repealing Prohibition. Roosevelt was a cocktail lover who mixed and liberally consumed legendary martinis. He would invite Washington luminaries to happy hours he called "children's hour" to throw down cocktails and gossip.

He also enjoyed whiskey-based Manhattans, and would sip Bermuda Rum Swizzles while sailing. And beer was his tipple of choice at late night poker games.

George Washington
At the time of his death, Washington had the largest whiskey distillery in America at his Mount Vernon estate. However, Washington wasn't much of a drinker by the standards of the time, and preferred porter laced with molasses to go with hearty amounts of wine. He also was fond of "Fish House Punch," an insanely strong rum concoction. Staggeringly, this was considered light drinking in the 1770s.

The amount of alcohol served at the farewell party that Washington's troops threw him at the City Tavern in Philadelphia has become the stuff of legend. According to one document, over 120 bottles of wine, dozens of beers, and seven "large bowls of spiked punch" were consumed. Adjusted for inflation, the tab came to a staggering $15,000.

Harry S. Truman
Truman would begin most days in the White House with a health regimen that included a walk, massage, and, of course, a swig of bourbon - usually either Old Granddad or Wild Turkey. But Truman wasn't a drunk - far from it. His doctor actually recommended a small amount of bourbon to relax and limber the president up. It was for health!

While bourbon was Truman's drink of choice, he also was known to have enjoyed the occasional Moscow Mule, scotch, and Old Fashioned - which he would send back if it wasn't strong enough. Despite the reputation of running a booze-soaked White House, Truman didn't drink all that much - he just enjoyed what he drank.

James Buchanan
A caretaker president, Buchanan was not only a bachelor, but a massive drinker. He guzzled huge amounts of top shelf wine, sherry, cognac, Madeira, rye whiskey, and Champagne. He was also legendary for his ability to drink heavyweights under the table and avoid hangovers.

James Madison
Madison is known to have drank a pint of whiskey per day, which by the standards of the time, wasn't much. He also enjoyed Champagne in moderate amounts. His wife Dolley threw weekly parties at the White House that could be attended by anyone the Madisons had been introduced to.

John F. Kennedy
Absolutely nobody should be surprised that JFK could and did drink the best stuff with the best people. Among Kennedy's favorites were the Bloody Mary, daiquiris, Champagne (Veuve Clicquot, obviously) and imported beer - specifically, Heineken. Even so, he wasn't a heavy drinker, using it mostly as a social lubricant.

Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson was a legendary wine merchant, having spent his time in France learning the intricacies of grape growing. He spent thousands on vast quantities of wine, back when that was a gigantic amount of money. He built two of his own vineyards, and even had dumbwaiters put in his house so as to expend minimum effort getting more bottles.

As far as drinking, Jefferson is reported to have drank three glasses of wine per day, along with the usual cider and beer at meals. Incidentally, he couldn't really afford his vast expenditures on wine, and had crushing debt by the end of his life.

William McKinley
McKinley enjoyed whiskey as a nightcap, though not to excessive levels. It wasn't uncommon for presidents to have drinks named after them, and "McKinley's Delight" was a popular rye and absinthe concoction.

Woodrow Wilson
While he's the president on whose watch Prohibition was passed, it should be noted that Wilson himself vetoed the Volstead Act, which banned booze. Congress overrode his veto, getting the alcohol ban on the books. Wilson was a devotee of scotch, and actually took his campaign song from the advertising jingle of a popular whiskey.

Fri, 20 Nov 2015 06:41:24 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-with-the-best-taste-in-booze/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Politicians' Voting Record on the Environment]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-voting-record-on-the-environment/mike-rothschild
The voting record of politicians on issues related to the environment and climate change almost always goes by party lines. Prominent Republican senators, congresspersons, and presidential candidates usually vote against any bill that would create new legislation or taxes to curb global warming. On the other hand, Democratic politicians and candidates tend to believe the scientific consensus on climate change, and vote accordingly.

With the 2016 election approaching, it's good to have a handy guide to the environmental voting records of the highest-polling candidates, as well as the high-ranking members of the Senate and House of Representatives. It's also helpful to know what they've said at various times, whether they believe the work of virtually all climate scientists, or if they think global warming is an ideological-driven hoax.

Vote up the politicians you agree with the most, and vote down the ones you think are full of hot air.

Politicians' Voting Record on the Environment,

Chuck Schumer
Voting Record:
Has reliably voted with Democrats on global warming-related issues, including voting yes on protecting ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystems. He's also voted yes on tougher mercury regulations, authorizing the Cash for Clunkers program, clean energy research, and climate change safeguards. Voted against Keystone XL pipeline.

"Anybody in New York who doubted the effects of climate change changed their minds after Sandy."
- Speech at the People's Climate March, 2014

Chris Christie
Voting Record:
As New Jersey governor, refused to join a regional cap-and-trade program to limit carbon emissions. Since running for president, has veered to the right, claiming at first that global warming is real, and humans are contributing to it. Since then, he's declared that he doesn't "feel" like climate change is taking place.

"The climate’s always changing, and we cannot say that our activity does not contribute to changing the climate. What I’m saying is, it’s not a crisis. That's my feeling. I didn't say I was relying on any scientist. I don't see there’s any evidence that it's a crisis."
- 2015 interview on MSNBC

Elizabeth Warren
Voting Record:
Has consistently voted to support environmentally-friendly legislation while in the Senate. Supported climate change bill, and voted against building Keystone XL pipeline. Has introduced no climate change bills of her own, but has generally voted down Democratic party lines with environmental law.

"The science is unmistakable: Earth’s climate is changing and human activities are contributing to climate change. Climate change endangers our health and national security, it threatens agricultural production and access to clean water, and it risks floods and droughts."
- 2012 policy statement

John Hardy Isakson
Voting Record:
Georgia Senator who voted yes on protecting ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystems, but against mercury regulations. Generally believes that the climate is changing, but doesn't believe humans are a primary cause of it. Voted against amendment asserting that changing global temperatures were the result of human activity.

"I believe the climate does change, but I don’t believe climate change is a religion. I think it’s science. I’ve done everything I can as a United States Senator to educate myself on the carbon issue and the climate change issue."
- Statement on the Senate  floor, 2015

John Conyers
Voting Record:
Most senior member of the House, who voted for the Clean Air Act in 1970, and has has consistently supported environmentally friendly legislation since then. Believes reversing global climate change is key to America's prosperity.

"Scientific authorities are nearly unanimous that carbon pollution from human activities has raised the planet's temperature by nearly one degree centigrade, and that we're now on track for a four or even five degree increase by the end of the century."
- Huffington Post editorial, 2015

John Cornyn
Voting Record:
As a Senator, and later Majority Whip, has voted against including oil and gas smokestacks in mercury regulations, against factoring global warming into federal project planning, and against banning drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. He also voted against removing oil and gas exploration subsidies. Does believe that climate change is caused by humans, but doesn't know to what extent.

“I am not one that denies that human beings have an impact on the environment. But I am sure not willing to put the federal government in charge of trying to micromanage the environment for the United States of America, nor for us to drive up the price of energy for people on fixed income, like seniors and people of modest means, by putting restrictions in place that other nations are not.”
- 2014 interview

Kevin McCarthy
Voting Record:
House Majority Leader who signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any climate change legislation that would raise taxes on affected companies. Also voted against allowing the EPA to regulate carbon dioxide emissions. Thinks climate change is a natural occurrence with no human involvement.

“We have a major drought. Everyone is concerned about today. The president comes out and says he has a solution. He stands up and says it’s climate change. Well, that does no one any good, [farmers] sitting there who can’t grow, they find their prices are higher and now they’re out of work.”
- 2014 speech

Dick Durbin
Voting Record:
The Senate Minority Whip who has championed environmental legislation, and consistently voted in support of it. Has particularly been a supporter of protecting the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Voted against barring the EPA from regulating carbon dioxide emissions.

"The existence of man-made climate change is not a debatable issue, nor is it a vague or distant threat. It is a situation that requires serious attention immediately.”
- 2014 policy statement

Steny Hoyer
Voting Record:
As House Minority Whip, has publicly supported President Obama's climate change measures, and has voted for environmentally friendly legislation.

"The President’s framework for halting and reversing climate change embraces an all-of-the-above energy policy that reduces our dependence on foreign energy sources, achieves energy savings that will benefit consumers, and allows us to produce more of our energy at home."
- 2013 statement

Steve Scalise
Voting Record:
As House Majority Whip, has consistently voted against bills that would reduce dependence on oil, and considers human-caused climate change to be a hoax.

"[Barack Obama] talked about global warming at his inauguration, I found it ironic that the President was wearing a trench coat it was so cold but he’s talking about global warming."
- 2013 CPAC speech

Wed, 02 Dec 2015 02:41:37 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-voting-record-on-the-environment/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Most Mysterious Political Decoy Cases in History]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-most-mysterious-political-decoy-cases-in-history/switchdoctor


A political decoy is a person employed to impersonate a politician, to draw attention away from the real person or to take risks on their behalf. The political decoy is an individual who has been selected because of their strong physical resemblance to the person they are impersonating. This resemblance can be strengthened by plastic surgery. Often, such decoys are trained to speak and behave like their "target".

Some of the stories surrounding the use of doppelgangers for high profile political figures are so fantastical that they seem like they could come out of a comic book. Because some of these figures are known to have used decoys, conspiracy theories continue to swirl around them. While some of these instances rely primarily on anecdotal evidence and the credibility of witnesses, key moments of the historical narrative would be open to huge possibilities if certain voices had the chance to utter the words, "the reports of my death have been greatly exaggerated."

What cases of political decoy use are the most compelling or mysterious?


The Most Mysterious Political Decoy Cases in History,

Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler is known to have employed at least one double and it has been alleged that he employed as many as six. One of these men, Gustav Weler, was later knowingly executed by guards as part of a disinformation strategy and his corpse was found by Allied forces who initially believed it to be Hitler. However, the British surgeon and historical writer W. Hugh Thomas reported in his 1996 book “Doppelgangers” that Gustav Weler was found alive after the war and that Allied troops interviewed Weler following Hitler’s death.

Fidel Castro
Stories have long been circulated that the Cuban dictator used dopplegangers to counter foreign assassination plots. In '634 Ways to Kill Castro', the documentary film revealed many CIA attempts to kill Cuba's leader from exploding cigars, poisoned wetsuits, femme fatales, LSD radios, and poison fountain pens.

According to Juan Reinaldo Sanchez, a former member of Castro’s elite security team, he confirms the use of decoys in a tell-all book, 'The Double Life of Fidel Castro: My 17 Years as Personal Body Guard to El Lider Maximo'. However, his stories involving the use of decoys describe times when the Cuban leader was in recovery over an illness. In 1983, Sanchez realized Castro was ill when the leader wandered into the garage “with a stain on his rear end.” It turned out to be a cancerous ulcer in his intestine. While Castro was convalescing for months, a body double was used. In 1992, Sanchez again discovered Castro was ill when he saw him in the garage with blood staining his behind. Sanchez does not know, however, what the illness was. A body double was again used.

George W. Bush
According to Joe R. Reeder, the under-secretary for the United States Army, he confirmed that George W. Bush has used a decoy.

Joseph Stalin

Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin is alleged to have had a double, identified only as "Rashid". Officials at the KGB allegedly learned that Rashid was a "double" for Stalin and employed him to replace Stalin for some public functions after World War II. Rashid spent two years studying with Alexei Dikiy, an actor who played the role of Stalin in propaganda films. Rashid claimed there were other Stalin lookalikes employed by the KGB, although he never met any. He claimed to have heard of another Stalin double who was hired to live in the dictator's dacha outside of Moscow in the late 1940s and 1950s when Stalin was dying. This double filled in for Stalin for media events and at times when Stalin had to meet government functionaries and others. Rashid died in 1991, aged 93.[12]

In 2008 another one of Stalin's doubles came forward, having written a book about his adventures as a political decoy. The Putin government gave Felix Dadaev permission to tell his story at age 88.[13] He appeared in a 2014 documentary about Stalin's last days on German television.[14]

Rudolf Hess

In 1973, British military surgeon Hugh Thomas was called upon to examine Rudolf Hess at Spandau prison, Berlin. Thomas was acquainted with Hess's medical records, which included a set of notes on a major wound Hess sustained during World War One. This was left by a rifle bullet passing through his torso, breaking two ribs, collapsing a lung and producing unavoidable entry and exit wounds on the chest and back.

Thomas did not find any such scarring on the man's body and therefore came to the belief that the man was not Hess, since (in Thomas's words) "The torso cannot lie."

Thomas also records other differences: eye colour, hair texture, bone structure, dentition, and Hess's chin, which (as can be seen from the photographs featured in this entry) appeared to lose its symmetry after his flight to Britain.

In his 1979 book The Murder of Rudolf Hess, Thomas set out a theory in which Hess had originally been impersonated by another German acting under the orders of Goering. This double had then flown to Britain in Hess's place and ended up in prison. Much of Thomas's theory is, by his own admission, tenuous or unclear. However, his original observation about the lack of a scar remains tantalising. Critics of this theory suggest that Thomas simply missed the scar when he examined Hess [9].

In 1997, it was again alleged that Hess had been replaced with a double. This time, the claimants were a military historian and a former British intelligence officer. Their claim, apparently based on contemporary documents, was that Hess had been killed after landing in Britain and 'doubled' by British intelligence. [10]

Saddam Hussein

In 2003, German television network ZDF broadcast claimed that Iraq's former president Saddam Hussein was frequently replaced with doubles for TV appearances. This analysis was based on sophisticated measuring techniques, which detected discrepancies in the position of Hussein's facial features and blemishes from appearance to appearance. It was supported by the opinion of Jerrald Post, the man who created the CIA's Psychological Profile Unit.[22] It was also alleged that Austrian politician Jörg Haider had actually met a double when he thought he was meeting Hussein.[23]

This claim is however disputed. Dr Ala Bashir, Saddam Hussein's former personal physician stated "The stories about Saddam Hussein having body doubles, to foster the impression that the Iraqi dictator was everywhere, are nonsense."[24]

Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Perhaps the most famous political decoy, soldier M. E. Clifton James successfully impersonated General Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") for intelligence purposes during World War II.[6]

In 1940, James acted in an Army production called When Knights Were Bold and his photograph appeared in an Army newspaper with a remark about how much he resembled General Montgomery.

As a result, he was approached by actor David Niven in May 1944. Niven, then a Colonel in the Army Kinematograph Section, told James he was wanted to impersonate "Monty", as this would allow Montgomery to be somewhere else, thus confusing the Germans.

James had to learn Montgomery's gestures, mannerisms, gait and voice and had to give up smoking.

Because James had lost his right-hand middle finger in the First World War, a realistic replacement was made.

Even his wife had to be deceived and was both kept in the dark and sent back to Leicester. Once he was trained, his trip as "Monty" was to Gibraltar and from there to Algiers. "Monty's" presence succeeded in confusing the Germans in regard to the invasion plans.

James was later the subject of a biopic called I Was Monty's Double starring James himself in (of course) the double role as Monty and himself.

The second (and less famous) "Monty's Double", Keith Deamer Banwell,[7] was serving with the land-based Long Range Desert Group.

Banwell was captured in a raid on Tobruk, but with a friend managed to steal a German vehicle and escape. During a subsequent raid on Crete he was taken prisoner at Heraklion and put under the personal supervision of former world heavyweight boxing champion Max Schmeling, who was serving in the German Army.

Banwell and a few of his comrades managed to slip away from their captors and then acquired an assault landing craft. With the help of some Cretan fishermen they made their getaway, but the craft ran out of fuel and drifted for nine days before reaching the North African coast. The privations of this voyage put Banwell in hospital for 12 weeks.

When he had recovered, someone noticed that he bore a resemblance to General Montgomery. It was decided that he participate in deception ploys, and so Banwell was sent to Cairo to meet Montgomery, given the appropriate clothing, insignia and General's badges and sent on trips around the Middle East to confuse enemy spies.

However, as he was considerably taller than Montgomery, he was told that on no account should he get out of the car. Banwell, finding the assignment boring, sought a return to the infantry.[8][9]

Lee Harvey Oswald

The impersonation of Lee Harvey Oswald has featured in various John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories since Richard Popkin published the The Second Oswald in 1966.[17] The theory states that two people — one the son of Marguerite Oswald and a second who was a imposter groomed by the CIA or some other powerful and secret organization — lived as Oswald for about ten years prior to the assassination of Kennedy.[17] John Armstrong, a contractor and oilman from Tulsa, Oklahoma, has been described as "the leading proponent" of the "two Oswalds" theory.[17] According to Armstrong, some of the evidence pointing to an Oswald impersonator includes witness reports that contradict the Warren Commission's report and a 1960 memo in which J. Edgar Hoover stated "there is a possibility that an impostor is using Oswald’s birth certificate".[17] He has claimed that most of the evidence pointing to an Oswald impersonator was ignored, suppressed, or withheld by investigators and/or the FBI.[17]

Conspiracy critic Vincent Bugliosi wrote: "The way the conspiracy theorists have it figured out, if the sightings were truly of Lee Harvey Oswald, the things he was doing, or the people he was with, were of such a nature that they went in the direction of a conspiracy. And if the sightings were not of Lee Harvey Oswald, since it could be proved he was somewhere else at the time, then this means there was a Second Oswald, someone impersonating him, which again goes in the direction of a conspiracy."[18]

Pope Paul VI

It has long been claimed that Pope Paul VI was impersonated during the last years of his pontificate. Contemporary commentators pointed to what appeared to be height discrepancies during balcony appearances at St Peter's Square.

It has also been noted that after 1975, Pope Paul's facial appearance changed markedly. One photo comparison appears to show a disappearing birthmark on the Pope's left cheek [27]. Another photographic comparison shows that the Pope's alleged 'double' apparently had a narrower cranium, a fatter face, a shorter nose, larger eyes, slightly more hair and a wider jaw [28], although these photographs were taken years apart and the changes may be byproducts of the aging process. More difficult to dismiss are apparent differences in the shape of the Pope's ear and nose, also visible [29][30].

A voiceprint analysis of Paul reciting the Orbi et Urbi blessing on two different occasions has also been cited as evidence indicating impersonation [31].

Theories about why the Pope might have been impersonated range from the dramatic (imprisonment of real Pope by evil Cardinals) to the mundane (a chronic health condition preventing public appearances). Many religious fanatics have put forward claims which involve such esoteric theological concepts as the antiChrist, the Third Secret of Fatima, etc [32].

Osama bin Laden
Aside from Joe R. Reeder going on record to say that Osama bin Laden had a decoy, the implementation of this particular gambit is up for debate. In the absence of confirmed sightings of the terrorist figurehead, many sources openly speculated that videotaped messages from bin Laden were in fact recordings of a double - either as part of a "frame-up" operation, or as part of a strategy of deception on bin Laden's part.

Fri, 20 Nov 2015 16:52:33 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-most-mysterious-political-decoy-cases-in-history/switchdoctor
<![CDATA[RINOs in the Wild]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/rinos-in-the-wild/mike-rothschild
Being dubbed a "Republican in Name Only" is every conservative's worst fear. The label of RINO will instantly turn the most ardent Republican defensive, making them assert their right wing credentials louder than anyone else.

With so many Republican candidates running for president in 2016, it's inevitable that some will be called RINOs by their opponents and those who support others. But is it accurate? After all, it wasn't that long ago that Donald Trump openly talked about his friendship with Hillary Clinton. What about candidates like John Kasich and Lindsey Graham, who have worked with Democrats for years in Congress? Or Ben Carson, who appeared out of nowhere as a Republican candidate?

Vote up the Republicans you think are the most likely to be RINOs.

RINOs in the Wild,

Carly Fiorina

Chris Christie

Donald Trump

George Pataki

Jeb Bush

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham

Marco Rubio

Mike Huckabee

Ted Cruz

Tue, 17 Nov 2015 09:16:17 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/rinos-in-the-wild/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best President Biopics]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-president-biopics/ranker-film

Some of the best president biopics allow us to get a glimpse into the lives of our nation's founding fathers, unlike we've ever seen them before. Some of the post popular presidents, like Lincoln, Nixon, and Kennedy are on this list of the best presidential biopics, but you'll also find some unexpected ones, like FDR and James Wilson. These president biography movies are entertaining and informative. 

Steven Spielberg’s
Lincoln stands as the essential portrayal of the Great Emancipator. Winning numerous academy awards, this film stars Daniel Day Lewis as Lincoln struggling to keep the Union intact in the midst of the Civil War. Richard Nixon and the lingering impact of Watergate have been explored by several filmmakers, including Oliver Stone with his 1995 film Nixon. Oliver Stone also helmed 1991’s JFK, which was a look at the events leading up to his 1963 assassination.

Some lesser-known presidential biopics on this list include
Wilson, Jefferson in Paris, chronicling Thomas Jefferson’s time as ambassador in Paris; and W., Oliver Stone's George W. Bush biopic. Vote up the best president biopics below, and be sure to let us know what you think in the comment section. 

The Best President Biopics,

The Day Reagan Was Shot

Abe Lincoln in Illinois

All the President's Men




Thirteen Days

Young Mr. Lincoln



Mon, 12 Oct 2015 05:55:20 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-president-biopics/ranker-film
<![CDATA[Republicans Who Are the Best at Reaching Across the Aisle]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-are-the-best-at-reaching-across-the-aisle/mike-rothschild
Due to the fact that American politics lean so heavily on the two party system, few Republicans reach across the aisle to work with Democrats. Both parties are well-entrenched in their beliefs, making bipartisan cooperation rare, but that much more important. Republicans who work best with Democrats can accomplish more in a shorter amount of time, and work together to write bills that benefit everyone.

With the Republican presidential nomination up for grabs, here's your chance to vote up the GOP members who are the best at working with their Democratic counterparts. On this list you'll find not only all of the Republicans running for president, but many of the most prominent Senate Republicans as well. In the Senate, they have the opportunity every day to reach across the aisle and work together with Democrats. Which ones truly do? Vote up the Republicans you feel accomplish this the best.

Republicans Who Are the Best at Reaching Across the Aisle,

Bobby Jindal

Chris Christie

George Pataki

Jeb Bush

Jeff Flake

John Kasich

John McCain

Marco Rubio

Mike Huckabee

Rand Paul

Tue, 27 Oct 2015 06:53:22 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-are-the-best-at-reaching-across-the-aisle/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Politicians Holding Guns: Who Does It Best?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-holding-guns/mike-rothschild
Photo ops of politicians holding guns are a time-honored tradition, in both the United States and around the world. Every time an election rolls around, morale needs to be boosted, or a world leader just needs to look like a bad ass, they'll have someone take a picture of them shooting something.

Gun ownership and shooting have been practiced by a number of presidents, many of whom had military backgrounds. In recent decades, fewer presidential candidates have served, but all have tried to court votes from American gun lovers. As primary elections approach, they'll make sure they have lots of pictures taken firing, holding, and admiring guns. Leaders around the world do the same thing - though sometimes it's to burnish their fearsome image.

Check out this list of politicians in American and around the world holding guns. Who looks the most comfortable, and who looks like they're literally just doing it for the camera? Vote up the best photos, and be sure to let us know what you think in the comment section. 

Politicians Holding Guns: Who Does It Best?,

Eisenhower and Churchill Get Down to Business

In Soviet Union, Shirtless Vladimir Putin Hunts YOU

Benjamin Harrison: Chicken-Killer-in-Chief

Calvin Coolidge Looking Badass for His Wife

Sarah Palin Can Shoot You From Her House

Winston Churchill Relaxes With a Cigar and a Tommy Gun

JFK Inspects a First Edition M-16. Also, a Crossbow

Ronald Reagan Has Clearly Never Seen "Goldfinger"

Make Fun of Teddy Roosevelt's Jacket. He Dares You

I Like Ike, and Ike Likes Machine Guns

Mon, 26 Oct 2015 09:22:42 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-holding-guns/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Republican Candidates Who Could Actually Win the General Election]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-could-win-the-2016-general-election/mike-rothschild
Could Trump win the general election? What about Ben Carson? Or Marco Rubio? Which Republican candidate actually has the best chance to win the election in 2016? First, they need to emerge out of a crowded field that's so big it can't fit on one stage. Then they'd have to rally the GOP base around them. Only then will a Republican who could win the election emerge.

Many of the Republican candidates in the 2016 election are polling so poorly that they only show up on poll results with an asterisk. Others are getting only one or two percent of the projected vote. If these candidates are barely alive in their party's primary election, can they win the general election if nominated?

Here's your chance to pick the Republican candidates for the 2016 election who could potentially be victorious. Vote up the Republicans with the best chance to win, and vote down those who would have little to no chance against their Democratic opposition.

Republican Candidates Who Could Actually Win the General Election,

Bobby Jindal
Ended campaign on November 17, 2015
Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
George Pataki
Ended campaign December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign February 20, 2016

Jim Gilmore
Ended campaign on February 12, 2016

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Mon, 26 Oct 2015 09:06:17 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republicans-who-could-win-the-2016-general-election/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Which GOP Candidates Will Be the Best for White Men?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/gop-candidates-white-men/mike-rothschild
2016 Republican presidential candidates have to appeal to women and minorities more than ever. But they also need to remember who their biggest constituency is: white men. GOP candidates are all offering various plans to cut taxes, roll back benefits for the poor, and increase military spending - and these are all things that will enrich the lives of white men, by and large.

While the Democratic Party has gone to great lengths over the last few decades to diversify, the Republican Party really hasn't - and polling numbers from the last few elections bear this out. So will Donald Trump be the best candidate to help keep the patriarchy's grip on the country? Or will it be Marco Rubio? Maybe Carly Fiorina will be best for white men, despite not being a man. Or, maybe they're all equally suited to help white dudes keep on keeping on.

Here's your chance to vote up the GOP candidate running in the 2016 election who will be best for white men. And unlike the real election, you can vote for more than one.

Which GOP Candidates Will Be the Best for White Men?,

Bobby Jindal
Ended campaign on November 17, 2015
Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

Jim Gilmore
Ended campaign on February 12, 2016

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015

Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016
Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Wed, 21 Oct 2015 04:33:11 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/gop-candidates-white-men/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Most Likable 2016 US Presidential Candidates]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-likable-2016-candidates/mike-rothschild
2016 presidential candidates have to be many things for the American: forceful, compelling, intelligent, and well-spoken. But they also have to be likable people and people you could see yourself spending time with. Some 2016 candidates have come off as abrasive, arrogant, cold, or overly glib - while others seem too laid back, barely registering as awake.

Whether you vote based on the economy, social issues, international relations, or just not liking the other party, likability is important come election season in the United States. So here's where you can show who you think is the most likable, pleasant, nice candidate. And if you think someone - republican or democrat - is the opposite of that, i.e., not likable, rude, or unpleasant, go ahead and vote them down. Together, we'll choose the President of Likability.

The Most Likable 2016 US Presidential Candidates,

Bernie Sanders

Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign February 20, 2016

Jim Gilmore
Ended campaign on February 12, 2016

John Kasich
Ended campaign on May 4, 2016

Lincoln Chafee
Ended campaign on October 23, 2015
Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Wed, 21 Oct 2015 04:47:39 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-likable-2016-candidates/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Famous US Presidential Quotes That No President Ever Said]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidential-misquotes/mike-rothschild
Many American presidents have been masters at speaking, writing, and inspiring the masses. Sadly, fake presidential quotes are just as real as actual presidential quotes - and the mis-quotes are often cited by scholars and politicians. Some are decades old and given new life by the Internet, while others are recent inventions dreamed up by authors or anonymous figures.

Spotting fake quotes by United States presidents isn't actually all that hard. First, look for something that doesn't have a source or date attached to it. Many fake quotes used on Internet memes are like this, usually just the quote itself with the speaker's face. If it doesn't have a source, an attribution, or a date, it's likely made up. Also, look for quotes that contradict what you actually know about that president. Many fake quotes attached to Founding Fathers are directly the opposite of what they believed or wrote about. If all that fails, just do a quick search on it. If it's a fake, someone before you figured it out and will let you know.

Here are some of the most famous quotes from US presidents that they didn't actually say.

Famous US Presidential Quotes That No President Ever Said,

John Adams and the Three Thirds
The Quote: "I estimate that one-third of Americans supported the Revolution, one-third opposed it, and one-third was neutral."

The Truth: Adams's quote is often used to point out that not all citizens of the colonies were actually against British rule. While this is true, what Adams said has nothing to do with that at all.

The actual quote, from a letter Adams wrote in 1813, is, “I should say that full one third were averse to the revolution. These, retaining that overweening fondness, in which they had been educated, for the English, could not cordially like the French; indeed, they most heartily detested them. An opposite third conceived a hatred for the English, and gave themselves up to an enthusiastic gratitude to France. The middle third, composed principally of the yeomanry, the soundest part of the nation and always averse to war, were rather lukewarm to both England and France…”

He's talking about American views on the French Revolution, not their own.

William McKinley on Filipinos
The Quote: "[T]here was nothing left for us to do but to take them all, and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and civilize and Christianize them, and by God’s grace do the very best we could by them, as our fellow-men for whom Christ also died."

The Truth: While this quote appears to be from McKinley in 1903 in a newspaper called The Christian Advocate, it's actually hearsay from the article's author, General James Russling. He's attempting to quote a conversation with McKinley from memory, but there's no veracity to what Russling says McKinley told him. In fact, it runs counter to McKinley's distaste for jingoism and conversion by the sword.

Beyond that, the people of the Philippines were Christian, by and large. They had been converted by Spanish missionaries in the 1500s, and continued that faith under Spanish rule for centuries.

Franklin Roosevelt on Accidents
The Quote: "In politics, nothing happens by accident. If it happens, you can bet it was planned that way."

The Truth: This quote doesn't appear in any form until the 1971 book None Dare Call It Conspiracy. FDR is often linked to a number of conspiracies and plots to start wars and crash economies, but he didn't say this. It's a mangling of a quote from a 1935 speech - and it says literally the opposite of the misquote.

FDR actually said, "Yes, we are on our way back— not just by pure chance, my friends, not just by a turn of the wheel, of the cycle. We are coming back more soundly than ever before because we are planning it that way. Don't let anybody tell you differently."

John Qunicy Adams on Christianity and Government
The Quote: "The highest glory of the American Revolution, said John Quincy Adams, was this: it connected, in one indissoluble bond, the principles of civil government with the principles of Christianity."

The Truth: Adams's affirmation for the close bond between the US government and Christianity is so prevalent that it's been used in both the Congressional record and a number of conservative fundraising pleas. The date is usually given as either 1821 or 1837, usually attributed to a letter.

But Adams never said it. Instead, the quote has a long, twisted history involving a number of fake citations, going all the way back to a book from 1860. That book, John Wingate Thornton's The Pulpit of The American Revolution doesn't present it as a quote from Adams, but about Adams. It has no quotation marks or source, and the line is nowhere to be found anywhere in anything Adams wrote.

Thomas Jefferson on Government
The Quote: "That government is best which governs least."

The Truth: Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker was fond of this particular Thomas Jefferson quote during his brief presidential run, even using it as a meme on Twitter.

He also got into some hot water, because Jefferson didn't say it. Instead, it's a quote from Henry David Thoreau's book Civil Disobedience. Walker didn't respond to the mistake, and the tweet is still up for all to point and laugh at.

John Adams on Debt
The Quote: "There are two ways to conquer and enslave a nation. One is by the sword. The other is by debt."

The Truth: This quote is often used by conservatives to point out the danger of nations running up extreme national debt. Unfortunately, there's no documentation of Adams ever having said this, and the quote has no attribution or date attached to it. Some sources have him using it in a letter in 1826 - the year he died.

Abraham Lincoln on Friendship
The Quote: “If friendship is your weakest point then you are the strongest person in the world.”

The Truth: Often found on inspirational memes, the above quote has no attribution, no source, and appears nowhere in any writings of Lincoln either before or during his presidency. It's also mysterious as to what the quote means. Why would friendship be a person's "weakest point?"

George Washington on the Purpose of the Senate
The Quote: "Even so, we pour legislation into the senatorial saucer to cool it."

The Truth: Purported to come from an exchange of letters between Washington and Thomas Jefferson, this quote, comparing laws to coffee poured into a cup to cool it off, is all over the Internet. It's even cited on the Senate's official web page. The problem is nobody can find evidence of either the quote, or the conversation itself. In fact, there's no reference to the quote at all until 1884, in Harper's Magazine. It's supposedly Washington trying to talk Jefferson into a bicameral legislature - except Jefferson wasn't against one.

Rutherford B. Hayes on the Telephone
The Quote: "It’s a great invention, but who would ever want to use one?"

The Truth: This quote, which has been floating around the Internet for years, got new life when President Obama used it in a speech in 2012. But his staff should have done their due diligence, because appears Hayes never to have said it. He also had a fondness for new technology - the telephone, in particular. Hayes arranged for the first presidential phone to be installed in May 1877, with the White House being assigned the phone number "1."

Thomas Jefferson on Liberty
The Quote: "When government fears the people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny."

The Truth:
There are so many fake Thomas Jefferson quotes that the third president's estate, Monticello, maintains a website devoted just to debunking things he never said. Probably the most widely quoted faux Jefferson line is this one, often used by Second Amendment advocates and small government conservatives.

As the Monticello site makes clear, Jefferson never said either this or any of its variations. Instead, it appears to be from a debate on socialism from 1914.

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 08:28:05 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidential-misquotes/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[2016 Candidate Immigration Policies, Ranked]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-candidate-immigration-policies-ranked/mike-rothschild
Immigration has emerged as one of the central themes of the 2016 election. As a public issue, it's generated a huge amount of controversy and media reactions. The 2016 candidates for president have a wide range of policies on immigration, with everything from some kind of amnesty to the building of an elaborate border fence or wall to mass deportation of illegal immigrants.

Virtually every candidate has revealed at least some of their plan to deal with the issue of illegal immigration. Here's your chance to rank all of the immigration policies of the 2016 candidates from the ones you think are the best to the ones that are the absolute worst.

2016 Candidate Immigration Policies, Ranked,

Bernie Sanders
- Favors comprehensive immigration reform.
- Opposes building of border fence or wall.
- Would increase wages and legal protection for temporary or migrant workers.
- Would revise free trade agreements like NAFTA and CAFTA.

Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016

 - Recommended tracking immigrants on visas with a system similar to FedEx shipment tracking.
- Believes the E-Verify system is more important than any pathway to citizenship.
- Has questioned the need for birthright citizenship.

Donald Trump
- Would deport all 11 million illegal immigrants using expanded Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and would have it done within two years.
- Would build large scale wall on Mexican border, and try to force Mexico to pay for it.
- Has rejected birthright citizenship through 14th Amendment.
- Has claimed Mexico purposefully sends "rapists and drug dealers" across the border.

George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

- Supports birthright citizenship.
- Would implement long pathway to citizenship for illegal immigrants.
- As Governor of New York, supported measures to assist children of illegal immigrants, including in-state tuition and work visas.

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

- Has gone back and forth on support for a pathway to citizenship for children brought to the United States by their parents.
- Would implement E-Verify system to help track immigrants.
- Does not support a fence, but would increase power of Border Patrol.

Lincoln Chafee
- Opposes building of border fence.
- Spent time working illegally in Canada, claims it influences his feelings on immigration.
- Supports bipartisan immigration reform.

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015

- Supports deportation of immigrant felons with no possibility to return.
- Seeks to complete border fence and expand Border Patrol.
- Would require current illegal immigrants to register, pay taxes and fines, and learn English.

Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

- Supports building of a wall, along with E-Verify entry/exit system.
- Rejects repeal of birthright citizenship, though is concerned about immigrants coming to the US for the purposes of having a child.
- Wants a pathway to citizenship implemented, and has voted for bipartisan comprehensive immigration reform.

Martin O'Malley
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016
- Opposes deportation of children born to illegal immigrants.
- Would sign comprehensive immigration reform.
- Has supported tuition discounts for children brought to the country illegally by their parents.

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

- Would "abrogate" birthright citizenship.
- Supports building long border fence and doubling the size of the Border Patrol.
- Favors arrest, detention, and deportation of illegal immigrants who have committed crimes.

Mon, 12 Oct 2015 07:16:39 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-candidate-immigration-policies-ranked/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Politicians Who Believe in Conspiracies]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-believe-in-conspiracies-100715/mike-rothschild
Politicians who believe in conspiracies have become more and more numerous since the early 2000's, thanks to the rapid spread of misinformation enabled by the Internet. They've also become commonplace thanks to post 9/11 fear of terrorist attacks, and the election of a liberal, African-American president in Barack Obama.

These political conspiracies almost always involve some kind of plot against American freedom, capitalism, and individual rights. They usually involve Obama and Democrats, though those liberals also believe in conspiracy theories - just not with the same enthusiasm that conservatives seem to. You don't have to even stay in national politics - many local officials and state senators are well-known for spouting political conspiracy theories. It might even be what gets them elected to higher office.

Here are all manner of politicians, from presidential candidates to local office-holders, who are all on record as believing in some kind of conspiracy theory.

Politicians Who Believe in Conspiracies,

Hillary Clinton
While Bill Clinton was under investigation for the Monica Lewinsky scandal, then-first lady Hillary Clinton claimed the case was part of a "vast right-wing conspiracy" to destroy her husband. She cited unnamed Republican operatives who told Bill Clinton that if he ran for president, the GOP would do everything they could to bring him down. Pundits replied that the Republican desire to get Clinton out of the presidency was far from a secret.

John Cornyn
Texas Senator John Cornyn is another of the many Republican candidates standing firm on the conspiracy theory that the UN is going to subvert American freedom. He vehemently opposed the 2012 UN Arms Trade Treaty on the grounds that it was "outsourcing" American sovereignty. In 2015, he arranged for a private meeting with a three star general to get assurance that the military exercise Jade Helm 15 wasn't actually a federal takeover of the Southwest.

Michele Bachmann
Well known for her devotion to conservative political causes, former Minnesota Representative Michele Bachmann was one of the most conspiracy-minded members of the House. Bachmann is staunchly anti-vaccine, has advocated for any number of discredited conspiracies about the Affordable Care Act and Benghazi attack, and her belief in gay conversion therapy flies in the face of responsible science.
In 2012, Bachmann and four other Republican representatives sent letters to five different federal agencies accusing the Muslim Brotherhood of having achieved “deep penetration” into the highest levels of the government. The move drew condemnation from both parties, and when Bachmann was challenged to provide proof to support these allegations, she simply repeated them.

Rick Santorum
The former Pennsylvania Senator and two-time presidential candidate has pushed the veracity of a number of discredited conspiracy theories. In 2012, Santorum campaigned hard for GOP senators to reject the ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities - a treaty that would forbid discrimination against people with AIDS, who are blind, who use wheelchairs, and so on. "This is a direct assault on us," he said, in public, at a news conference.

He wrote in an editorial on Glenn Beck's website that the Convention would result in forced abortions, the abolition of home-schooling, and the loss of US national sovereignty.

More recently, he gave tacit approval to a question from a conspiracy-minded potential voter who claimed that President Obama was planning to nuke the city of Charleston.

Ron Paul
The former Congressman and presidential candidate has been an advocate for conspiracy theories going back decades. While in office, he had a side business lending his name to far-right newsletters that espoused everything from the "coming race war" to the UN taking away America's national sovereignty. More recently, he's advocated for everything from Ukraine really shooting down Flight MH17 to the US government being the "real" culprits in the Charlie Hebdo attack. Paul's response to criticism is that he's just asking questions and trying to get "the truth" out.

Ted Cruz
Cruz is another opponent of Agenda 21, calling the UN sustainability resolution a diabolical plot to "abolish ‘unsustainable’ environments, including golf courses, grazing pastures, and paved roads." He's also spoken publicly of his belief that, among other things, Harvard is overrun by Marxists, radical Islamic Sharia law is taking over the United States, and that Jade Helm 15 was a dry run for martial law.

Chip Rogers
In 2012, while Majority Leader of the Georgia State Senate, Rogers held a four-hour private meeting with constituents to brief them on phantom threats to America caused by Agenda 21, a non-binding policy statement by the UN devoted to sustainable development.

Rogers had long been an opponent of the plan, calling for the state to ban its implementation, and declaring that the Obama administration was enforcing its property grabbing rules with "mind control." Rogers resigned from the Georgia State Senate shortly after the meeting.

Allen West Outs 80 "Confirmed" Communists in the House, Gets Hired by Fox News
Despite only serving one term in the House of Representatives, from 2011 to 2013, Allen West quickly became an outspoken conspiracy theorist. He's claimed that House Democrats have at least 80 confirmed communists in their ranks, that welfare and Social Security are slavery, and that any news outlet reporting on Wikileaks should be shut down by the government. After he lost in 2013, he became a commentator for Fox News, and has continued spouting conspiracies online and in print.

(Former) Senator Is Positive That the Government Was Behind the Boston Marathon Bombings
Former New Hampshire state senator, and a hardcore conspiracy theorist, Stella Tremblay was forced to resign in 2013 after she publicly agreed with Alex Jones’s accusation that the US government had planned the Boston Marathon bombings as a false flag attack.

In an egregious misuse of the “reply all” button, she emailed all 424 members of the New Hampshire legislature a manifesto entitled “Follow Up Reports,” containing dozens of links to conspiracy websites that all called the bombing a black ops job employing fake victims played by "crisis actors." She drew the wrath of both state political parties and resigned a few days after sending the email, never backing down from her belief that “a full investigation” of the bombings should be undertaken.

Florida Man Who Once Killed a Goat and Drank Its Blood Wants to Be a Senator
A 2016 Libertarian candidate for Florida's Senate seat, Augustus Sol Invictus made national headlines when he told the AP that he'd participated in a Pagan sacrifice ritual in which he, among other things, slaughtered a goat and drank its blood.

is also a pretty hardcore conspiracy theorist, claiming he wants to start a second Civil War, advocating for the return of eugenics, and for renouncing his US citizenship - which will presumably make running for the Senate harder. Libertarian Party officials have called Invictus an embarrassment.

Tue, 06 Oct 2015 02:49:53 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-believe-in-conspiracies-100715/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Family Values: Which GOP Candidates' Families Seem Happy?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-has-the-least-happy-family/mike-rothschild
Family values are among the most important platforms for Republican presidential candidates in 2016 or any election. But equally important to voters are how the GOP candidates feel about their own families. Many seem to have very good relationships with their spouses and children, but others seem to have some skeletons in the closet, just waiting to be discovered. What do you think of the GOP candidate families?

Voters naturally have plenty of questions about Republican candidates and the happiness of their families. What do the Bush's REALLY talk about at family reunions? What's up with all those creepy comments Donald Trump has made about dating his daughter? And can we trust a single man like Lindsey Graham to stand for families?

Here's your chance to vote up the Republicans who seem like they really have happy families, and vote down the ones just putting on a big show for the cameras.

Family Values: Which GOP Candidates' Families Seem Happy?,

Bobby Jindal
Ended campaign on November 17, 2015
Chris Christie

Donald Trump

George Pataki

Jeb Bush

John Kasich

Marco Rubio

Mike Huckabee

Rick Santorum

Rand Paul

Tue, 29 Sep 2015 04:20:12 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-has-the-least-happy-family/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Which Republican Candidate Would ACTUALLY Lower Taxes?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-would-actually-lower-taxes/mike-rothschild
With the release of Donald Trump's tax plan, the economic policies of 2016 candidates and Republican tax cuts are starting to come into focus. And when it comes to the GOP, there's usually one common thread to Republican candidates - lowering taxes. Lots of tax cuts. Huge tax cuts. It's not a Republican tax plan without them! The unfortunate truth, however, is that a politician saying they want a GOP tax plan to lower taxes is much different than actually lowering taxes. 

But which Republican candidates would REALLY lower taxes, and which ones are just toting more GOP tax cuts as a way to win votes? Some candidates have spent their entire campaigns talking about how they'll lower taxes, get rid of loopholes, and simplify the tax codes. Rand Paul took things a step further, hauling out an AR-15 assault rifle and shooting the code - well, a paper version of it, anyway.

Would Paul follow up his firepower with actual tax cuts? Or is he just another politician saying stuff? Who will lower taxes? Here's your chance to vote up Paul and every other GOP 2016 candidate you think will actually lower taxes.

Which Republican Candidate Would ACTUALLY Lower Taxes?,

Bobby Jindal
Ended campaign on November 17, 2015
Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
Donald Trump

George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016
Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016
Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Mon, 28 Sep 2015 07:38:01 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-would-actually-lower-taxes/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Which Republican Candidate Would Lead the US Best in a War?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-would-lead-the-us-best-in-a-war/mike-rothschild
Which 2016 Republican candidates would make good leaders during a war? As commander in chief, the president has the duty to lead the United States in times of military crisis, and to ask Congress for a declaration of war. This is an enormous responsibility with great ramifications, and can have profound implications on the fate of the country.

While in the past, most presidential candidates had some kind of military experience, if not experience directly in combat, almost none do now. Of the Republican candidates for the 2016 nomination, only Lindsey Graham and Jim Gilmore have spent time in the military, with Graham having over three decades of service as an Air Force reservist. Rick Perry had also been in the Air Force, but with his withdraw from the race, Graham is the only veteran who would be picking up the mantle of commander in chief.

Here's your chance to vote up the Republican candidates you feel would be the most effective leaders during a war  - and to vote down the ones who would not make good wartime leaders.

Which Republican Candidate Would Lead the US Best in a War?,

Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
Donald Trump

George Pataki
Ended campaign December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign February 20, 2016

Jim Gilmore
Ended campaign on February 12, 2016

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Mon, 28 Sep 2015 06:03:04 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/which-republican-candidate-would-lead-the-us-best-in-a-war/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best Political Nicknames]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-political-nicknames/mike-rothschild
Political nicknames are a tradition that stretches all the way back to the first leaders in human society. Even American presidents get nicknames. But in the last few centuries, nicknames have become almost standard issue, with almost every president, prime minister, and elected leader of any kind given some kind of nickname. Some are affectionate, some are insulting, and some are just variations on the person's name or initials.

Many of the nicknames given to presidents and prime ministers haven't stuck, and are all but forgotten. After all, how many people can say who "The Last Cocked Hat" or "Soapy George Underhen" were (President James Monroe and British Prime Minister George Canning, respectively). But many politician nicknames have become permanent fixtures, and inseparable from the person they were bestowed on. We all know "Honest Abe," "The Iron Lady," and "Slick Willie," and it's likely we always will.

Here are some of the greatest political nicknames in history, from prime ministers to congressmen.

The Best Political Nicknames,

Abraham Lincoln

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Franklin D. Roosevelt

George Washington

John F. Kennedy

Margaret Thatcher

Richard Nixon

Winston Churchill

Abraham Lincoln - "Honest Abe"

Wed, 23 Sep 2015 07:23:10 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-political-nicknames/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[All the Golfing Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/golfing-presidents/mike-rothschild
Since the game of golf became popular in the early 1900s, most presidents have played - with levels ranging from apathetic to enthusiastic. In fact, only a couple of presidents haven't played, and they found their own ways of spending their leisure time. Golf and the presidency have been linked ever since William Howard Taft became a visible proponent of the game, talking up its health attributes. It became more and more important for presidents to project an image of physical fitness, while also appear athletic and graceful. Golf was a way to do this.

At the same time as presidents started enjoying golf, they started to be criticized for enjoying it. Despite having entire websites devoted just to counting how many rounds he's played, Barack Obama is far from the first president to draw the wrath of the media for his golf habit.Taft himself was criticized so much that he vowed to curtail his playing. Dwight Eisenhower, maybe the most enthusiastic golfer in the White House, was given no quarter, and his opponents delighted in calling him the "Duffer in Chief."

There have been plenty of presidential golfers and presidents who golfed are no rarity in American politics. Whoever the next president is, it's a sure bet that their leisure activities, be they golf or something else, will be pounced on by their opponents.

All the Golfing Presidents,

Calvin Coolidge
Coolidge was generally thought to be unathletic and clumsy, preferring to shoot clay pigeons than play golf. He did play a few times, but only out of obligation, and because the sport was enjoying a boom in popularity. Legend has it that when he vacated the White House, he left behind just one thing: his clubs.

Dwight D. Eisenhower
After spearheading the liberation of Europe, Eisenhower had earned a little time on the links. And he took it. Ike was an incredibly active golfer, playing between 800 and 900 rounds during his two terms, including some on the lawn outside the White House. Eisenhower played so much that he was criticized by political opponents and newspapers alike. Undaunted, Eisenhower kept playing, and had a cabin at Augusta National Golf Course named in his honor.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Before polio robbed him of his mobility, Roosevelt was a regular golfer, well-known for his ability to hit long drives, and for his enthusiastic evangelism of the sport. He never was able to play as president.
Gerald Ford
Despite the enduring image of Ford as a klutz who couldn't make it down a flight of stairs without falling, he was a graceful athlete who had played college football at Michigan. He was also a good golfer with a powerful drive. However, he had a reputation for slapping balls wildly and hitting bystanders at tournaments.
John F. Kennedy
The athletic Kennedy was an outstanding player, but kept his golf habit a secret during the 1960 election, due to the backlash against Eisenhower’s reputation as “The Great Golfer.” In fact, Kennedy had been part of the chorus criticizing Eisenhower's golf habit. So he didn't want the public to know that he was just as avid a player. He also injured his back early in his first year, and wasn't physically able to play for most of his presidency.

Lyndon B. Johnson
While most presidents kept politics out of their golf games, Johnson was the opposite. He used golf as a means to an end, spending the long walks on the course convincing opponents to do what he wanted them to do, particularly with regard to the Civil Rights Act. He also was renowned for refusing to divulge his scores, requesting copious do-overs, and taking hundreds of swings just to hit one perfect shot.
Richard Nixon
Nixon didn’t take up golf until he was Vice President, allegedly as a way to curry favor with President Eisenhower. But he studied the game hard and practiced often. He was also known to cheat occasionally. He played less as the stress of Watergate and Vietnam piled up, but took the game up again after resigning.
Warren G. Harding
The affable and charming Harding wasn't an effective president, but he was a good golfer. Harding was the first POTUS to have a golf course named after him, and it was during a 1923 round of golf in Vancouver that Harding first displayed signs of the heart failure thought to have killed him.

William Howard Taft
Taft was the first president to let the public know he enjoyed golf, as before that, it was seen as a sport for the rich upper-crust. He was an avid player both during and after his presidency, and sources claim that while he had a 20 handicap, he was routinely able to shoot under 90. Taft was also routinely jibed in the press for his habit, and vowed to play fewer rounds later in his term. He did not.
Woodrow Wilson
For the first half of the 20th Century, Wilson was THE golfing president. He's thought to have played at least 1,000 rounds while in office and presidential golf historian Don Van Natta claims the number is as high as 1,600. Wilson loved golf so much that legend has it he had specially painted black golf balls designed so he could hit them outside during the winter. It’s also generally accepted that Wilson wasn’t very good at the sport.

Mon, 17 Aug 2015 05:54:33 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/golfing-presidents/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best Presidential Speeches of All Time]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-presidential-speeches/mike-rothschild
Presidential speeches are often remembered for one great phrase, memorable line, or rhetorical flourish that makes its way into the history books. But they should be seen as more than collections of memorable words - in fact, as documents of their time and place. Great presidential speeches are made in the context of crises, challenges, and times of great peril. But they can also inspire, uplift, and encourage. The truly great speeches manage to do both at once.

What's less well-known about many of the great addresses by presidents that they're short. Maybe the most famous speech in American history, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, is just over two minutes long. Many others, rather than being long rambles of adjectives and superlatives, are fewer than one thousand words, and lasted just 10 minutes. They didn't need thousands and thousands of words to make their point, just a few well-chosen ones given by a dynamic speaker.

Here are the greatest and most inspiring presidential speeches of all time, be sure to upvote those that inspire you the most!

The Best Presidential Speeches of All Time,

FDR's Infamy Speech
President Roosevelt's speech to a Joint Session of Congress the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor served to emphasize the idea of America as the victim of a cowardly sneak attack, rather than as a player in a complicated geopolitical struggle. Lasting just seven minutes, the speech let it be known that isolationism was no longer an option - and less than an hour later, the US declared war on Japan.

Famous quote:
"No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again."

Kennedy's "We Choose to Go to the Moon" Speech
While President Kennedy had declared the United States's intention to put a man on the Moon in May 1961, the idea didn't truly resonate with the American people until his speech in September of the next year. In front of a massive crowd at Rice University, Kennedy managed to make Americans enthusiastic about spending billions of dollars on a prospect with no guarantee of success.

Famous quote:
"But why, some say, the Moon? Why choose this as our goal? And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? We choose to go to the Moon! We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard..."

Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
President Lincoln gave his second inaugural address on March 4, 1865, as the Civil War was reaching its bloody conclusion. With reconstruction between the North and South looming, Lincoln paused to take stock of what had been lost, and what could be gained. It was just 700 words long, and took around five minutes to deliver.

Famous quote:
“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.”

The Gettysburg Address
President Lincoln delivered his most famous speech just five months after the Battle of Gettysburg, at the dedication of the site's military cemetery. There is no existing final copy, and the five surviving manuscripts of the speech all have slightly different word choices. The speech was just 10 sentences long, and took two and a half minutes to deliver.

Famous quote:
"[W]e here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain - that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom - and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."

Kennedy's Inaugural Address
President Kennedy's only inaugural address was one of the shortest on record, fewer than 1,400 words and taking only 13 minutes and 42 seconds. But it perfectly encapsulated the social change, economic prosperity, and political upheaval Kennedy was walking into.

Famous quote:
“And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.”

Washington's Farewell Address
President Washington actually wrote a version of his farewell to the American people after his first term, but decided to run for a second given the precarious state of the country. It was first published in the American Daily Advertiser newspaper, then in papers and pamphlets around the country. Washington never actually gave the address as a speech.

Famous quote:
"With slight shades of difference, you have the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You have in a common cause fought and triumphed together; the independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint counsels, and joint efforts of common dangers, sufferings, and successes."

Reagan's Brandenburg Gate Speech
President Reagan's speech at an event commemorating the 750th anniversary of the founding of Berlin was little noticed in the American press, and hotly criticized by Communist media outlets, who found it inflammatory. Even Reagan's staff were divided on the speech's tone and call to disarmament, but one key phrase in the middle of the speech stuck out, and became a rallying cry for Reagan's final year in office.

Famous quote:
“There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of freedom and peace. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”

FDR’s First Inaugural Address
Having won a landslide victory over Herbert Hoover, Roosevelt took the opportunity to deliver a fairly short speech of around 20 minutes, meant to reassure the nation. The address became famous for its optimistic tone, in spite of the raging Great Depression.

Famous quote:
"So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is...fear itself — nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. In every dark hour of our national life a leadership of frankness and of vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves which is essential to victory."

George W. Bush's Post 9/11 Speech
With the nation reeling in the wake of the September 11th attacks, President Bush addressed the country with a short but powerful message. Since the culprits behind the attacks were still unknown, Bush spoke to the resoluteness of the American spirit, and encouraged the people not to be overtaken by fear of what was ahead.

Famous quote:
"These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong. A great people has been moved to defend a great nation. Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve."

Ronald Reagan's First Inaugural
Reagan strode into office declaring his intention to sweep away the growing bureaucracy and economic stagnation that had plagued previous administrations. And while Reagan's address never directly mentions the American hostages being held in Iran, the tough message of the speech was clear, and the hostages were released while Reagan was speaking.

Famous quote:
"The economic ills we suffer have come upon us over several decades. They will not go away in days, weeks, or months, but they will go away. They will go away because we as Americans have the capacity now, as we've had in the past, to do whatever needs to be done to preserve this last and greatest bastion of freedom.

In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem."

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 08:21:49 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-presidential-speeches/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[US Presidents Who Appear on American Money]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-on-money/mike-rothschild
Since the first US bank notes were printed, in 1862 to raise funds for the Civil War, they've been graced by the faces of presidents. The early days of paper money saw a variety of now-defunct notes, including Silver Certificates, Federal Reserve Bank Notes, Interest Bearing Notes, and Fractional Currency - notes issued in lieu of coins during the Civil War. Almost all of these had an American president on them, though they weren't always consistent from printing to printing.

Despite the many different types of currency the US has issued, the main type of paper currency has always been consistent - from 1862 to 1971 it was the United States Note, and since then, the Federal Reserve Note. These bills, and the coins that go with them, usually feature presidents, though several bills of note do not. Larger, now-discontinued bills have also featured presidents. Every sitting president either has or will be featured on Presidential One Dollar Coins, though these coins aren't being printed for circulation, only for collection.

This list of presidents on money includes all of the presidents that have been featured on US currency, along with several prominent Americans who grace the nation's current bills, but never held the highest office.

US Presidents Who Appear on American Money,

Abraham Lincoln
Lincoln has graced the five dollar bill since 1914, though various other presidents were on its predecessor notes, including Hamilton, Jackson, and Grant. Lincoln has also been on the penny since 1909. Because of the cost of copper, pennies actually cost almost twice as much to make as they're worth.

Andrew Jackson
The polarizing and controversial Jackson has appeared on the $20 bill since 1928, when he replaced Grover Cleveland. A campaign is underway to replace Jackson with Underground Railroad crusader Harriet Tubman, but it remains to be seen how this will turn out.

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dollar coins have never been especially popular in the United States. One attempt at doing so featured President Eisenhower. The Eisenhower dollar was only printed from 1971 through 1978, when it was replaced by the smaller (and equally unpopular) Susan B. Anthony dollar. The coins are still technically legal tender, but function mostly as collectors' items.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Roosevelt has been on the dime since 1945. His visage was added shortly after his death as a tribute to his work with the March of Dimes charity.

George Washington
Washington has been on the one dollar bill continuously since 1869, when paper money was known as "United States Notes." Washington was also pictured on a variety of defunct currencies.

Grover Cleveland
Cleveland sits on the now-discontinued $1,000 bill, which has been out of print since 1945, and out of circulation since 1969, but is still legal tender. Cleveland also graced the $20 bill, until he was replaced by Andrew Jackson in 1928.

James Madison
Madison appears on all versions of the $5,000 bill - which is still considered legal tender, despite not having been printed since 1945.

Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson has appeared on the two dollar bill since its inception as a United States Note in 1869. The bill has remained in circulation, despite its unpopularity. He has also appeared on the nickel since 2006, and was on some Fractional Currency during the Civil War.

Ulysses S. Grant
Grant has graced the $50 since 1913, though the note has existed in other forms since 1861. The former general also appeared on various gold and silver certificates. Congress has twice introduced legislation to replace Grant on the $50 bill with Ronald Reagan, but the bills were voted down both times.

Woodrow Wilson
Wilson's face adorned the largest bill ever printed in American history - the $100,000 Gold Certificate. The bill was never released into the circulation; it was only used to transfer money between banks during the Depression.

Mon, 17 Aug 2015 05:28:24 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-on-money/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Presidents Before George Washington]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-before-george-washington/mike-rothschild
Every school kid knows that George Washington was the first president of the United States, elected in April 1789, and leaving office after two terms in March 1797. But the Declaration of Independence was issued on July 4, 1776. If the United States declared itself a free country then, and Washington didn't become president until 23 years later, who was the president during that time? Were there presidents before George Washington?

The answer is a surprisingly complicated one. The First Continental Congress was declared in 1774, and the Second a year later. Both of those Congresses had an elected president, a merchant named Peyton Randolph. But as the Founding Fathers eschewed central government in favor of the individual legislatures of states, the position had no power. It was limited to a ceremonial role in running Congressional sessions, and would often sit empty. In 1781, After seven years, and six men holding the position, the first governmental document of the United States, the Articles of Confederation, was passed.

The new legislature, the Congress of the Confederation, continued to meet, and continued to elect presidents. Some historians consider the first Congressional President elected under the Articles, John Hanson, to be the real first president of the United States. But Hanson and his successors still occupied a largely ceremonial role, limited to signing correspondence and chairing meetings. At the same time as the weak government allowed by the Articles was floundering,  the Philadelphia Convention had convened, and wrote the Constitution that still governs the United States. The Congress of the Confederation met for the last time in March 1789, with one member in attendance. Two days later, the United States Congress met - and soon inaugurated George Washington as the first true president.

The presidents of the Continental Congress were indeed presidents of the central governing body of the nation. But it was a role with little power, one so ill-considered that delegates often refused it, and historians have compared it to the position of country club president. Unlike the current presidency, this was simply an honorific with no decision making power.

Nevertheless, all of the men on this list played some role in the founding of the United States. Many signed either the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution. They risked their lives, first as traitors, then as soldiers. And they're all considered Founding Fathers - just not presidents of the United States.

Presidents Before George Washington,

Elias Boudinot
A New Jersey lawyer and congressional delegate, Boudinot succeeded John Hanson as president of the Congress, serving his one year term from 1782 to 1783. He later served as a Representitive from New Jersey, and as director of the US Mint.

Henry Laurens
Two days after Hancock's resignation, South Carolina merchant and slave trader Henry Laurens was elected President of the Congress. He served from November 1, 1777 to December 9, 1778, and the next year became the fledgling United States's ambassador to the Netherlands. While there, he was captured by the British, and traded back to the Continentals in exchange for disgraced British General Charles Cornwallis.

Henry Middleton
Middleton, a South Carolina plantation owner, served out the rest of Peyton Randolph's term as president of the First Continental Congress - a total of five days. The Congress adjourned in late October 1775, and Middleton returned to South Carolina. He was living in Charleston when the city was captured by the British in 1780, and Middleton accepted rule as a British subject.

John Hancock
Likely the most well-known of the presidents of the Continental Congress, wealthy merchant (and sometime smuggler) John Hancock succeeded Henry Middleton as president of the Second Continental Congress. He held the post from May 24, 1775 until October 29, 1777. It was during his time as president that the Declaration of Independence was signed, famously featuring Hancock's ornate and flamboyant signature larger than all others. Hancock resigned as president due to conflicts with Samuel Adams, returned to Massacheusits, and was elected the state's first governor a few years later.

John Hanson
Maryland merchant and delegate John Hanson was the first president elected to a fixed term under the newly ratified Articles of Confederation. This has led some historians to consider Hanson the true first President of the United States. However, the office of Congressional President still had little power, and was mostly a ceremonial position tasked with signing correspondence. Hanson served his one year term from November 1781 to November 1782, and died a year later.

John Jay
New York lawyer and merchant John Jay was the next president of the Continental Congress, serving from December 10, 1778 to September 28, 1779. He left the Congress to serve as Ambassador to Spain, prevailing on the powerful empire for recognition and funds to continue the fight against England. Once peace had been negotiated, Jay served as Secretary of Foreign Affairs (the forerunner to the Secretary of State position), and later, as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

Peyton Randolph
A Virginia lawyer and landowner, Randolph was elected president of both the First and Second Continental Congress, in fall of 1774 and May 1775, respectively. He served for less than two months the first time, before resigning due to ill health, and the second time for two weeks, again due to ill health. He died a few months later, and didn't live to see the Declaration of Independence signed.

Samuel Huntington
Self-taught lawyer Samuel Huntington succeeded John Jay as president of the Congress, holding the title from September 28, 1779 to July 10, 1781. He then resigned due to ill health, and later served as both Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut.

Thomas McKean
A Delaware congressman and lawyer, McKean replaced Huntington as president, and held the post until November 5, 1791. At the same time as his term as president, McKean served as Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, a dual-role that prompted criticism from contemporaries who didn't realize how powerless the role of president of the Continental Congress actually was. McKean resigned after the British defeat at Yorktown, continued as Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and later was the state's governor.

Thomas Mifflin
Mifflin had served as a congressional delegate, general in the Continental Army, and quartermaster general. He was elected president of the Congress after Boudinot's term, and had the honor of accepting General George Washington's resignation of his army commission. With the Congress declining in its importance, Mifflin resigned as President in June, 1794 - seven months into his term. 

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 07:07:12 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-before-george-washington/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Female Presidents Currently in Office]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/women-presidents/mike-rothschild
While women rulers have led great empires as hereditary monarchs since ancient times, the first appointed female head of state didn't take office until 1960, when Sirivamo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka became the world's first female elected Premier, serving as head of the government. In 1974, Isabel Peron was secretly sworn in as President of Argentina following the death of her husband, Argentinian strongman Juan Peron, becoming the first woman in history to hold the top position of power.

Since then, it's become more and more common for women to be elected as the leaders of their nations - and there 17 currently serving, as of August 2015. Many of the most powerful countries on earth, including Germany, India, Brazil, South Korea, Israel, Chile, and the United Kingdom have elected or appointed women as their heads of state. These women presidents and prime ministers have had command of nuclear weapons, powerful economies, vast populations, and - most importantly - the respect of their people.

Here is the complete list of current presidents or heads of government who are women.

Female Presidents Currently in Office,

Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany since 2005

Dalia Grybauskaitė
President of Lithuania since 2009

Dilma Rousseff
President of Brazil since 2011

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
President of Liberia since 2006

Erna Solberg
Prime Minister of Norway since 2013

Park Geun-hye
President of South Korea since 2013

Sheikh Hasina
Prime Minister of Bangladesh since 2008

Theresa May
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom since 2016

Tsai Ing-wen
President of the Republic of China since 2016

Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
President of Malta since 2014

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 06:49:03 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/women-presidents/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Most Useless US Vice Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-useless-vice-president/mike-rothschild
What person in their right mind would want a job that its holders have described as "not worth a bucket of warm piss," something that "is nothing, but may be everything," and "splendid misery?" Ask any of the 47 Vice Presidents of the United States. It was a position that initially had absolutely no responsibilities other than breaking ties in the Senate, and stepping in for the President should he die. And when that actually happened, it wasn't clear if the vice president was ACTUALLY the president. 

Such a position is ripe for uselessness, lack of accomplishment, abuse of "power," and general embarrassment. Some vice presidents did their minuscule duties quietly and efficiently. Others had short and useless terms because they either assumed the presidency after a quick death, or themselves died quickly. But a select few have been utter fiascoes - politicians who not only accomplished nothing, but actively damaged the presidents they were serving under, joining the ranks of the worst vice presidents in American history.

A trawl through the most useless vice presidents finds a little of every type of embarrassment. Treason? Check. Scandal? Lots of it. Utter inability to do their job? Constant. Being kept out of the loop of major decisions? Virtually all of them. Bringing humiliation on the Executive Branch? Oh, yes. And even a murder! You'll find them all among the most useless vice presidents in US history.

The Most Useless US Vice Presidents,

Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr was noted for being an even-handed president of the Senate, and very nearly won the office of President himself in 1800. But he was involved in two scandals that marred the office for decades, deeply embarrassing President Jefferson, and landing Burr on a very short list of the worst vice presidents in history.

The first, and far more famous, is when Burr murdered fellow Founding Father Alexander Hamilton in an illegal duel - while serving as vice president. Burr fled to South Carolina when he was charged with murder, but eventually came back to Washington to finish out his term. Then, two years after his vice presidency, he was arrested and tried for treason for his attempt to raise an army to invade Mexico and start a war with Spain. The trial ended in acquittal thanks to a lack of witnesses (though the jury made it clear they believed Burr was guilty), and Burr was ruined.

Dan Quayle
With little of note in his background, Indiana Senator Dan Quayle was seen as unqualified for the position of vice president. He'd go on to prove that over and over during George H.W. Bush's term in office, constantly embarrassing himself and the administration with bizarre gaffes - a penchant that began in 1988 when he was crushed in the vice presidential debate.

Quayle's butchering of the English language was so legendary that it's virtually impossible to differentiate between his real gaffes and fake ones. But two truly stuck in the American zeitgeist, ruining his career, and massively embarrassing Bush. The first was his bizarre attack on the TV series Murphy Brown, and the other was his public botched spelling of the word "potato" by insisting to a 12 year old that it had an "e" at the end. Quayle later insisted that he did, in fact, know how to spell the word, but the school gave him flash cards that had it incorrectly spelled, and he didn't want to make them look bad.

The completely useless vice president slunk off into obscurity, and other than a brief run at the Republican nomination in 2000, has never run for office again.

Hannibal Hamlin
Abraham Lincoln’s first vice president was so useless to the Great Emancipator that the two men didn’t even meet until after the election. Hamlin played no role in any aspect of war planning, spending most of the conflict in Maine with his family, though he did support Lincoln’s decisions. He then briefly served with the Coast Guard as a cook, though he was told he didn’t have to join his unit when it was mustered. On the plus side, he did push for Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, so that’s something.

In 1864, Lincoln dropped Hamlin in favor of Southerner Andrew Johnson, so Hamlin missed out on the presidency by less than two months.

John C. Breckinridge
The youngest vice president in history, the 36-year-old Breckinridge wasn’t actually a terrible vice president – just a treasonous one. He was elected to the legislature of Kentucky in 1859 – while still the vice president. After James Buchanan’s one term, he ran for the Democratic nomination against Abraham Lincoln. When he lost, he announced his support of slavery and secession.

The Senate charged him with treason, and expelled him. So, he joined the Confederate army as a brigadier general. After actively fighting against the Union for the entire war, Breckinridge became the highest ranking Confederate official to evade capture, fleeing to Cuba, then Europe.

John C. Calhoun
Calhoun's uselessness began when he offered his support to BOTH candidates running in the 1824 election, and when John Quincy Adams won, Calhoun was duly elected as his VP. An ardent supporter of slavery, Calhoun was a key player in the Nullification Crisis, which nearly gave one state the power to overturn federal law. Later, as Andrew Jackson's VP, he ripped apart the cabinet by turning the Secretary's of War's wife into an object of public ridicule. Jackson was so disgusted that he forced Calhoun to resign.

John Tyler
Tyler's uselessness as vice president was mostly by default. He only held the office for a month before William Henry Harrison died of an illness he contracted during his insanely long inauguration speech.

However, as the first vice president to ascend to the presidency, Tyler was held in such low standing that legislators weren't even sure if he was actually the president, or a caretaker. The subsequent "Legitimacy Crisis" left Tyler kicked out of his own party, and facing impeachment three different times.

Richard Mentor Johnson
Johnson's claim to fame before becoming Martin Van Buren's vice president was personally killing the Shawnee chief Tecumseh. Johnson was so gleeful over the killing that he campaigned for vice president with the slogan "Rumpsey Dumpsey, Colonel Johnson Killed Tecumseh."

It apparently worked, as he won (despite one state's Democratic legislators refusing to vote for him), and proceeded to sponsor an expedition to the North Pole so Americans could drill into the center of the earth. He later took almost a year-long leave of absence to run a tavern in Kentucky, due to his being wiped out by the Panic of 1837.

Johnson added so little value to the Van Buren ticket that Van Buren ran for president again in 1840 without a running mate.

Spiro Agnew
Agnew was mostly an unknown when Richard Nixon tapped him to be his vice presidential nominee in 1968. Despite initial opposition, Agnew became one of the public faces of the administration, giving numerous speeches as the voice of Nixon's "silent majority." But soon, animosity between the two men grew, and Nixon openly spoke of punting Agnew from the ticket in 1972 - joking that nobody would shoot him because then they'd get Agnew for president.

Agnew's downfall came in 1973, when he was indicted on tax evasion, fraud, bribery, extortion, and conspiracy. He'd taken massive bribes as Governor of Maryland, and after his indictment, pled no contest, quickly resigning the vice presidency. In his later years, Agnew blamed Nixon for bringing the charges into the public as a distraction from the Watergate scandal, and the two men never spoke again.

Ironically, if Agnew had been able to stay in office, he would have indeed become president, as Nixon resigned 10 months later.

Thomas A. Hendricks
A fervent secessionist and pro-slavery supporter, Hendricks was opposed to the granting of suffrage to former slaves. Already in ill health when Grover Cleveland tapped him for the vice presidency in 1884, he died eight months later.

Thomas R. Marshall
A glib jokester, Marshall was intensely disliked by most Washington power players, and had a functional animosity with President Woodrow Wilson. Marshall, who never really wanted the job, spent Wilson's first term avoiding any semblance of work, then traveled around during World War I giving patriotic speeches. He held cabinet meetings when Wilson was in Europe, but made it clear that he had no authority to act.

But the high point of Marshall's uselessness came in October 1919, when Wilson was cut down by an incapacitating stroke. It wasn't clear if Wilson could still function as president, and conventional wisdom would have held that Marshall should have stepped in. But he was consistently kept out of the loop on the president's condition - primarily because Edith Wilson couldn't stand him. Marshall refused to take on the role of Acting President, as the procedure for Wilson taking power back wasn't clear, and he didn't want to appear disloyal or overly ambitious. With Wilson out of action and Marshall refusing to pick up the mantle, It fell to Edith to carry out her husband's duties as un-elected president for the rest of his second term - a blatant abrogation of Marshall's sworn duties.

The result of Marshall's malaise and the confusion over who was actually in charge was that the Senate never ratified the League of Nations treaty - leaving the international body virtually powerless.

Mon, 17 Aug 2015 05:03:10 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-useless-vice-president/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[Rank the U.S. Presidents' OTHER Houses]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-second-homes/mike-rothschild
Presidential second homes reflect the personal interests of the president who stays in them, as well as his family life, and the increasing access technology would allow. The first presidential estates were family plantations, passed down to men like George Washington and Thomas Jefferson after decades of family ownership. These were massive plots of land, with huge houses, and, unfortunately, extensive numbers of slaves.

As technology allowed presidents to travel longer distances faster, Presidential second homes began to serve as either summer or winter White Houses, where the administration would set up shop for several weeks at a time either to avoid the brutal heat of Washington, D.C. summers, or the brutal cold of the city's winters. They also served as refuges during times of war, meeting sites for dignitaries, and sometimes, just as a place to get away and do something fun.

As with presidential birthplaces, most of these homes have been added to the National Register of Historic Places. A few are still functioning as private homes, available for purchase at the right price. And a few are gone, torn down to make room for newer, bigger, better houses - but they won't be ones owned by a president.

Vote up the presidential second home you'd most like to get your name on the mortgage of (price not being an object, of course).

Rank the U.S. Presidents' OTHER Houses,

Kennedy Compound
Perhaps no name evokes presidential power and luxury quite like "Kennedy." The family's Kennedy Compound, exemplifies this, with three massive houses on six acres in the tiny summer community of Hyannis Port, MA. The property had been in the Kennedy family for decades, and John F. Kennedy continued to expand it, buying and selling bits of it from various family members. It's now on the National Register of Historic Places, and still used for Democratic fundraisers.

The most well-known Jeffersonian estate was Monticello, in Virginia. Jefferson designed and built the estate in the early 1770s, and continued to expand and remodel it after he became president, using European influences he picked up along the way. He used it as a retreat during his presidential term, and was laid to rest there after his death. Later, the property fell into disrepair because of family disputes, but was restored after being bought by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation in the 1920s. It's the only private home in the United States designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Mount Vernon
The Virginia plantation estate had been in the Washington family for decades before George Washington inherited it. He built Mount Vernon, the large home that still stands on it, using it as a retreat and expanding it to 11,000 square feet. The property also had a working farm, ranch, and, in keeping with the times, extensive slave quarters. It's estimated that Washington spent about 430 days there during his two terms, and after his death, it passed to his descendants. In 1858, the estate was falling apart and was bought by the Mount Vernon Ladies Association, who still own and maintain it.

Prairie Chapel Ranch
Bush's Crawford, TX ranch is notable both for its size (600 acres), and for the amount of time he spent there - over 500 days, or a year and a half of his presidency. The tiny town welcomed the President, who found solace in its solitude and remote location. Among his favorite activities there were running its many trails, driving his pickup truck (the only time he was allowed to drive), and clearing brush. Bush still owns the ranch, but has made Dallas his homebase.

Sagamore Hill
Roosevelt's family had summered in Oyster Bay, NY, for decades. So it was natural for Teddy to buy an 80 acre plot of land in tiny Cove Neck, just north of Oyster Bay, to build his vacation home, which he called Sagamore Hill. He spent much of his time not at the White House there, and passed away in the house in 1919. It underwent a $10 million restoration in 2015.

Ford's Lodge
Gerald Ford was derided as being a clumsy goof, but he was actually an avid skier. So it's no surprise that he bought a large property in Vail, CO to use as a winter White House and ski getaway. Locals got used to the sight of "Jerry" zipping down the hill with Secret Service agents right behind, and reportedly buying his own tickets to use the ski lifts. The property changed hands multiple times after Ford's death, and in 2014, went on the market for $8.5 million - down from $14.9 million in 2008.

Abraham Lincoln's Cottage
President Lincoln and his family spent multiple summers in the north Washington, D.C. cottage on the grounds of what was then called the Soldiers' Home (now the Armed Forces Retirement Home.) It was there that he could escape both the heat of downtown D.C., and the pressure of Civil War politics. It was at the Cottage that Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation.

Nixon's La Casa Pacifica
Pat and Richard Nixon would spend their summers in a 10 room mansion in San Clemente, California that was dubbed the "Western White House." At some point, Nixon had made so many improvements to the property using taxpayer money that Congress passed a resolution calling for him to pay some of it back. In 2015, Sotheby's put the property on the market for a cool $75 million.

George H.W. Bush's Kennebunkport Compound
The estate on Walker's Point in remote Kennebunkport has been in the Bush family since the late 19th century. President Bush made it his summer White House after spending most of his childhood there. Bush entertained foreign dignitaries there, and still spends summers there, though he primarily resides in Texas. The compound was damaged by storms in 1991, and Bush received a large payout from his flood insurance.

FDR's Springwood
Roosevelt's home in Hyde Park, NY, was his birthplace, his lifelong residence, and eventually, his resting place. Roosevelt's father bought it in 1866, and the home was massively rebuilt and expanded over the decades. During his four terms, he used it as a summer White House, hosting royalty, foreign leaders, and celebrities. After his death in Warm Springs, GA, he was laid to rest at Springwood, and the property is now a National Historic Site.

Thu, 13 Aug 2015 10:43:16 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidents-second-homes/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The All-Time Best Presidential Vacation Spots]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-all-time-best-presidential-vacation-spots/mike-rothschild
Presidential vacations are a tricky thing. Instead of being able to go anywhere they want, the leader of the free world needs to go somewhere they can handle a crisis, be safe and secure, and look both outdoorsy and relaxed. Optics matter, but being able to house hundreds of staff members, Secret Service agents, and media members matters more. Oh, and having a good time is nice, too. So presidents tend to go to the same places over and over - small towns or resorts where they can escape brutal Washington D.C. winters and suffocating politics while still getting done what needs to get done.

Every US president has had somewhere they called home when they weren't in the White House. From George Washington's sprawling Mount Vernon in Virgina to Barack Obama's hometown of Kailua, presidential vacation spots don't seem to have much in common. Some are huge coastal mansions, others are isolated getaways in the middle of nowhere. A few are famous tourist destinations like Palm Springs, Martha's Vineyard, and Vail, while others, like Lyndon Johnson's ranch or Teddy Roosevelt's windswept mansion in a town with 200 people, barely exist on a map.

But all have become legendary as the preferred vacation spots of various Presidents of the United States. Where do presidents go on vacation days? Here are 20 of the most well-known places presidents on vacation kick their feet up. You can actually visit most of these spots, but only as a tourist.

The All-Time Best Presidential Vacation Spots,

Gerald Ford made the Colorado ski resort his vacation spot, spending so much time there that he bought a ski chalet called "The Lodge."

Hyde Park
Despite the Great Depression and World War II, Franklin Delano Roosevelt made over 130 different trips to his boyhood home of Hyde Park, taking refuge there from the multitude of crises he was dealing with as president.

President George H. W. Bush vacationed almost exclusively at his seaside home in this small Maine community. He fished, walked on the beach, and hobnobbed with locals.

Key Biscayne
Richard Nixon made this small resort island his vacation spot, calling it his Florida White House. He golfed with famous pals there, and rode out much of the Watergate scandal in seclusion on the island.

Key West
President Harry Truman made Key West his "Little White House," spending every winter of his presidency in a converted officer's quarters there - almost half a year in total. Other Presidents who spent time in Key West include William Howard Taft, Dwight Eisenhower, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, and John F. Kennedy.

Dwight Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy both had vacation homes in Newport, and John and Jackie Kennedy were actually married in the small seaside city.

Palm Springs
The Palm Springs area has hosted several presidential vacations and vacation homes. Barack Obama, Dwight Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy have spent time there, while Eisenhower and Gerald Ford retired to the area after their respective administrations ended.

Santa Barbara
President Reagan made his second home in the beach-side California town, spending nearly every vacation of his political career there.

Grand Teton National Park, Colorado
Worried about the optics of vacationing on Martha's Vineyard, President Clinton spent two vacations in the Grand Tetons. But he didn't care for the outdoor lifestyle, and park officials found his presence to be disruptive. So back to the Vineyard he went.

Kailua, Hawaii
Barack Obama famously spends several weeks every winter in his hometown of Kailua, on Honolulu. But he's far from the only president to vacation in the 50th state. Bill Clinton vacationed there in 1993, but left early to inspect flood damage in the Midwest.

Thu, 13 Aug 2015 10:35:03 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-all-time-best-presidential-vacation-spots/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[All the Crazy Talk of the First Republican Debate, Ranked]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/first-republican-debate-2016/mike-rothschild
The first Republican debate heading into the 2016 election (and the "happy hour" event preceding it) gave us 17 candidates talking, arguing, posturing, and selling themselves for nearly four hours. Along the way, they said a lot of things. And many of them were extremely outrageous, provocative, bizarre, or just plain wrong. Sometimes they also stepped over their own words, creating sentences that make no sense in the English language. Crazy talk is a bi-partisan spectator sport: We're not taking sides, we're just pointing out all the nutty stuff these candidates said. This time, they just happen to be Republicans.

Obviously, attention at the Republican debate focused on Donald Trump, and sure enough, the Donald made a number of self-serving and ludicrous statements. But he was far from the only one. From Mike Huckabee outlining the role of the military ("killing people and breaking things") to Jeb Bush's pride over Florida's "choose life" license plates to Ben Carson's number one qualification for being president (spoiler: it's having a brain), the night provided us with lots of fodder for discussion, memes, Tweets, and head-shaking laughter.

Here are some of the most outrageous quotes from the first of many Republican debates in 2016.

All the Crazy Talk of the First Republican Debate, Ranked,

Rick Perry
"Ronald Raven." Kind of cute, no?

Jeb Bush, Short-Term Memory
"Barack Obama became President and abandoned Iraq." Seems like he's forgetting that his brother George signed the Status of Forces Agreement that outlined the American withdrawal from Iraq.

Jeb Bush, Product Placement?
"We were the first state to have a 'choose life' license plate."

Donald Trump, Responding to a Question About Mysogynistic Comments
"I don’t have time for political correctness. What I say is what I say, and honestly, Megyn, if you don’t like it, I’m sorry. I’ve been very nice to you."

Donald Trump, Humblebrag
"Most of the people on this stage I’ve given to. A lot of money."

Rand Paul, Take That D.C.!
"I don't want my marriage or my guns registered in Washington."

Donald Trump, Unwavering Faith in America
Elaborating on his claim that Mexico is purposefully sending criminals to the U.S.: "Our leaders are stupid, our politicians are stupid, the Mexican government is much smarter, much sharper, much more cunning."

Rand Paul on Government Surveillance
During a screaming match with Chris Christie: "GET A WARRANT! GET A JUDGE TO SIGN A WARRANT!"

Scott Walker, A Son of Anarchy
"I’m a guy with a wife, two kids, and a Harley."

Rand Paul, Awkward...
To Chris Christie: "I don’t trust president Obama with our records! I know you gave him a big hug, and if you want to give him a big hug again, go right ahead."

Thu, 06 Aug 2015 05:49:57 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/first-republican-debate-2016/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best Two-Term U.S. Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/two-term-presidents/mel-judson
It is often said that being a two-term president is the goal of most politicians in America. The politicians on this list of American presidents did just that. They ran successful re-election campaigns and joined this list of the best two term presidents in the history of the United States. So who did the best job? These re-elected presidents, from George Washington to Barack Obama, had two terms to prove themselves and your votes will determine who did the best job.

Though some become lame duck presidents during their second terms as Commander in Chief, others began to find their groove and care less about the political ramifications of actually getting things done. Giving the president another shot at running the country is always an interesting move, and this list is here for you to upvote the one(s) you thought nailed it throughout their entire tenure in the Oval Office.

How many two term presidents have served the American people? 13 so far! Be sure to upvote the USA presidents you thought were the best at the job during their two terms and take a look at those who weren't as lucky, joining the ranks of one term president instead.

The Best Two-Term U.S. Presidents,

Andrew Jackson

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton
George Washington
James Madison
James Monroe

Ronald Reagan
Thomas Jefferson

Ulysses S. Grant
Woodrow Wilson

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:55:51 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/two-term-presidents/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The Best One-Term U.S. Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/one-term-us-presidents/mel-judson

It's time to upvote the US presidents you thought did the most with their one term as leader of the free world. In some ways, four years is a long time to prove yourself as a good Commander in Chief, but on the other hand, it is hard to enact real, visible change throughout the entire country in such a short time. It becomes easy for challengers, like Bill Clinton beating incumbent George H. W. Bush, to ask Americans, "Are you better of now than you were four years ago?" But which on this list of one term presidents made the most of those four years of government leadership at the highest level?

These one-term presidents range from John Adams to Jimmy Carter, the latter of whom lost his second shot at the presidency to Ronald Reagan. These politicians and presidents show that America does not always re-elect the incumbent. For instance, leaders like James K. Polk and Rutherford B. Hayes were limited to a single lonely term as President of the United States of America.

How many one term presidents have served the United States of America? Just 12 so far and they're all on this list of American presidents who were only in office for one solitary term. Vote up those who served America best over that 1 term and check out the US presidents who were lucky enough to serve two terms as well!

The Best One-Term U.S. Presidents,

Benjamin Harrison
George H. W. Bush
Herbert Hoover
James K. Polk
Jimmy Carter
John Adams
John Quincy Adams
Martin Van Buren
Rutherford B. Hayes
William Howard Taft

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 01:55:45 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/one-term-us-presidents/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The Most Annoying Politicians Currently in Office]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/annoying-politicians/mike-rothschild
Annoying politicians are a fact of life in these United States. In a time when the gulf between the two major parties has never been wider, the names on this list are thought by some to be the worst of the worst politicians. They provoke their opponents with both their words and actions, drive voters crazy making bad laws, make pompous speeches, and generally annoy the crap out of the American public.

Have you had enough of President Obama's lofty rhetoric? Does John Boehner's orange tan make you see red? Tired of Ted Cruz's apocalyptic language? How about US Rep. Trey Gowdy's endless hearings about Benghazi, or Senator Bernie Sanders blaming everything on rich people?

Here's your chance to make your voice heard, even before election day: Vote up the most annoying politicians currently in office or vote down the politicians on this list who you don't mind that much.

The Most Annoying Politicians Currently in Office,

Andrew Cuomo

Barbara Boxer

Bill de Blasio

Debbie Wasserman Schultz

Harry Reid

Mitch McConnell

Nancy Pelosi

Rahm Emanuel

Ted Cruz

Loretta E. Lynch

Wed, 08 Jul 2015 05:34:14 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/annoying-politicians/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best Logos in the 2016 Presidential Election]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-election-logos/loganrapp
A candidate's considered their options, heard from their supporters, and has finally decided to run for president in 2016. What's next? Well, designing a campaign logo is definitely high on that list! A candidate's logo is one of the simplest, most effective ways in getting one's message out and creating brand recognition for the 2016 presidential election. This list compiles all the logos of each declared candidate!

Furthermore, we've dug into comments that some designers have made, questioning the efficacy of each presidential candidate's design. Each logo plays into the personality of its candidate, shaped by who they are. Some are big and loud, others are simple and direct, and some... well, some just don't quite make a lot of sense to most peopl, but supporters may totally get what's going on! That's the interesting part of these logos - sometimes they're made for someone else!

No matter what political stripe you are, there's plenty to enjoy with this list of 2016 presidential logos. Take a look at what the candidates have chosen and vote up the best and most effective campaign logos below!
The Best Logos in the 2016 Presidential Election,

Bernie Sanders
With "nice, light, almost cheerful" colors, designers appreciate Bernie Sanders's simple approach to his logo. Some don't particularly like "title gimmicks," which we'll interpret to mean the star over the "i."
Bobby Jindal
It's a funny look because Js are funny letters, but it has a great sense of color, and Bobby Jindal's taking a wide use of the color blue, which is odd for a red state governor. 
Jeb Bush
As a graphic, many graphic designers agree that Jeb Bush has a serviceable logo, but the typography leaves many scratching their heads. Really, it's been largely the same logo since 1994, when he ran for governor.
Jill Stein
Jill Stein's logo was received with a bit of a head scratch. It's a very bold choice for the Green Party candidate to not use the red, white, and blue aesthetic for her presidential campaign.
Lincoln Chafee
Lincoln Chafee's bid for president is already considered a long-shot, and the logo revealed seems to be aiming right for the middle - keeping the blue of his party, a simple round design and his name in a sans-serif font.
Lindsey Graham
Lindsey Graham's logo is tiny, doesn't integrate with his website, and doesn't have a larger version for the web. Not surprising, given the man doesn't get on the Internet at all.
Marco Rubio
Marco Rubio's logo perplexed design experts. Folks find the picture of America dotting the "i" odd, particularly since it doesn't have Alaska and Hawaii, also noting simply that the US map is "clunky," which makes the logo clunky.
Mike Huckabee
With a tagline of "From Hope To Higher Ground," it's not crazy to think of Mike Huckabee's logo as a direct contrast, a "reactionary logo," to Obama's "hope" and "change" narrative.
Rick Santorum
A continuation of his 2012 graphic with the red eagle, designers seem to find this logo to be efficient and competent. With equal weight to both of his names, he avoids his "Google problem." (Link is NSFW.)
Ben Carson
The distortion of the A in Dr. Ben Carson's has its promoters and detractors, turning the second word into "'Merica," a popular refrain. Its simplicity has been praised as well.

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 07:34:52 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-election-logos/loganrapp
<![CDATA[Famous Politicians You'd Want to Have a Beer With]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-politicians-beer-list/mike-rothschild
Which likable politicians would be fun to have a few drinks with? Many politicians market themselves as regular folks you'd want to sit down for a beer with. George W. Bush, for one, is thought to have won the 2004 election because of his "regular guy" appeal. An August, 2004 Zogy/Williams Identity Poll found that 57.3% of undecided voters would rather have had a beer with Bush over his opponent John Kerry - despite the fact that Bush didn't actually drink. This was around the time Kerry was doing well in polls, and it might have caused a resurgence in Bush's popularity.

But when it comes right down to it, who are the politicians you like who you'd *actually* want to hang out with over a few oat sodas, as opposed to the ones who just want to make you think that because it might get you to pick them? Maybe you'd like to talk P90X with Paul Ryan, or get a front row seat for all manner of Joe Biden shenanigans?

In the spirit of Ranker's lists of both famous men and famous women you'd want to grab a beer with, here's a list of current political figures who'd probably be fun to knock back a few adult beverages with. Vote up the ones who you think you'd have a good time with, vote down the ones who'd bore you to death, or even worse, try to convince you to vote for them!

Famous Politicians You'd Want to Have a Beer With,

Al Gore

Barack Obama

Bernie Sanders

Bill Clinton

Donald Trump

George H. W. Bush

George W. Bush

Joe Biden

Justin Trudeau

Ron Paul

Mon, 06 Jul 2015 11:14:52 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/famous-politicians-beer-list/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[2016 Candidates Who Are the Best at Debating]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidential-debates-2016-candidates-ranked/ranker-news
Believe it or not, the first debates in the upcoming 2016 US Presidential election are right around the corner. With nearly two dozen declared candidates in both major parties, including at least 16 Republicans, debate stages are going to be crowded with people shouting each other down and trying to get the last word in. And since so many politicians are vying for just two spots in the general election, a good showing by the best debaters in these important election milestones will be vital to the candidacy of anyone who wants to win. Wallflowers or poor debaters will soon find themselves on the outside looking in.

Which of the candidates is the best debater? Is it an outsized personality like Chris Christie, someone who can scream until they're red in the face, then scream some more? Or a more religiously-driven evangelical like Ted Cruz? Can any of the Democratic candidates contend with Hillary Clinton? What ridiculous thing will Donald Trump say?

Vote up the best debater among the 2016 election candidates, who you think will have a great showing in the presidential debates 2016, and vote down the ones who put you to sleep.

2016 Candidates Who Are the Best at Debating,

Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016
Donald Trump

George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016
Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Rick Perry
Ended campaign on September 11, 2015

Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Mon, 06 Jul 2015 07:45:52 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/presidential-debates-2016-candidates-ranked/ranker-news
<![CDATA[The Hottest 2016 Presidential Candidates]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-2016-presidential-candidates/jessica-lawshe
The time to vote is now! For President of the United States? No, but kinda... For who you think are the hottest 2016 Presidential candidates. We scoured the Internet far and wide for the old pictures of the candidates on this list and now it's time to do your duty and vote! 

Sure, you might think running for president is all about politics, what side of the aisle you're on, and campaign strategy, but we all know that good looks can't hurt either. It's time to set aside the fact that you're a Republican or a Democrat, if you believe in gun control or if you're a NRA member, or if you think we need to have better border control, and focus on the real issue at hand: who topped the "hot" charts in their day. 

There are some bona fide lookers and hot politicians on this list of 2016 presidential candidates. Mike Huckabee and Rand Paul are definitely swoon-worthy. We're also kind of blushing over Rick Perry. The ladies are representin' too! Good work Hillary Clinton! There are also some "not-so-lookers." Sorry Rick Santorum... maybe you'll have better luck at the actual polls.

So scroll through, throw your personal politics out the window (this is all about looks), and exercise your inalienable right by voting for who you think is the hottest 2016 US Presidential candidate!
The Hottest 2016 Presidential Candidates,

Bobby Jindal

Chris Christie

George Pataki

Hillary Clinton

Jim Webb

John Kasich

Lindsey Graham

Marco Rubio

Mike Huckabee

Ben Carson
Benjamin Solomon "Ben" Carson, Sr. (born September 18, 1951) is an American author and retired Johns Hopkins neurosurgeon. He was the first surgeon to successfully separate conjoined twins joined at the head. In 2008 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush... more on Wikipedia

Thu, 02 Jul 2015 10:27:21 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-2016-presidential-candidates/jessica-lawshe
<![CDATA[The Best American Founding Fathers]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-founding-fathers/amylindorff
The Founding Fathers of the United States of America boast luminary names like George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and John Adams. But there were dozens of signers of the Declaration of Independence and delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, many of whom had noteworthy careers in law, politics, and the military. Most of their names are known only to historians or devotees of the period.

There were dozens of people who played key roles in the founding of America, but their names have been overshadowed by the most famous of the Founders. Here's your chance to vote up the Founders that you think have been unfairly forgotten by history, or that people just don't know enough about. Likewise, if you think a Founding Father is overrated or maybe wasn't as important as people think, give them a down vote.

The Founding Fathers were a pretty interesting bunch of guys, learn more about them (including a cool essay Benjamin Franklin wrote about flatulence!) on this list of Founding Fathers facts!

The Best American Founding Fathers,

Alexander Hamilton

Benjamin Franklin

George Washington

James Madison

John Adams

John Hancock

John Penn

Patrick Henry

Samuel Adams

Thomas Jefferson

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 03:25:59 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-founding-fathers/amylindorff
<![CDATA[The Most Trustworthy Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/trustworthy-politicians/mike-rothschild
The most trusted politicians in American history are legendary statesmen and women with reputations for never telling lies, fighting for the downtrodden, backing up their words with actions, always calling their moms, and generally being good people. Others - not so much. Some politicians truly have terrible reputations and most of the public wouldn't trust them as far as they could throw them. Yet, they keep getting elected.

With the 2016 presidential election approaching, and seemingly dozens of people running, let's see how today's most prominent politicians (and people pretending to be politicians, not that we're looking at you, Mr. Trump) stack up. Some people on this list surely are trustworthy and truthful. Others are probably just looking to cash in on book deals and get talk shows. Vote up the presidential candidate, senator, governor or mayor you find to be the most truthful and deserving of your trust! 

The Most Trustworthy Politicians,

Bernie Sanders

Chris Christie

Condoleezza Rice

Dennis Kucinich

Donald Trump

Greg Abbott

John Boehner

Mike Huckabee

Trey Gowdy

Ben Carson

Thu, 18 Jun 2015 11:14:17 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/trustworthy-politicians/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[The Best Songs About Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/songs-about-presidents/ranker-music
When it comes to politics – everyone has an opinion – and that includes musicians. Here are the best songs about U.S Presidents, ranked by your votes. Great songs have been written to honor presidents, but most of the best president songs are critical of a specific American president's policies and administration. 

Pearl Jam wrote the song, “Bushleager,” about then-president George W. Bush. “He's not a leader, he's a Texas Leaguer,” Eddie Vedder sings on this scathing tune. In concert, Vedder used to wear a mask of Bush at the start of the song. The Coup say, “if you can't get the Pres get the Veeper,” on “5 Million Ways to Kill a C.E.O.” and Rage Against the Machine emphasized how similar Al Gore was to George W. Bush with the video for their hit, “Testify.”

Lou Reed expressed his confusion about how someone could shoot John F. Kennedy on his The Blue Mask song, “The Day John Kennedy Died.” Other great presidential songs on this list include “Reagan at Bitburg,” “When The President Talks To God” and “Abraham, Martin and John.”

Which song about presidents do you think deserves the No. 1 spot? Vote it up on this list and please add any tunes we may have missed. Don't forget, if you think we missed a good song about presidents, you can add it to the list for others to vote on too!
The Best Songs About Presidents,

Whip It


Reagan at Bitburg

My Brain Is Hanging Upside Down (Bonzo Goes to Bitburg)

Let's Impeach the President

Dear Mr President

The Day John Kennedy Died


We've Got a Bigger Problem Now
Dead Kennedys

Tue, 05 May 2015 09:57:18 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/songs-about-presidents/ranker-music
<![CDATA[Rank the Potential First Ladies (And First Gentlemen)]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/potential-first-ladies/jessica-lawshe
As more people throw their hats into the presidential race for the 2016 election, it's high time to learn more about the women (and men) who could become the "first ladies" of the United States of America. Who are the potential first ladies and first gentlemen of the 2016 presidential race?

Just as their predecessors, each of these women (or men) will forever be recognized as having been married to an American president. But what of their other traits? Regardless of being married to a future president, many of these women and men have their own notable careers and have already made names for themselves in the history books. For example, Heidi Suzanne Nelson (wife of Ted Cruz), is a managing director at the investment banking firm Goldman Sachs and has spent time doing missionary work in Africa. Supriya Jolly Jindal (wife of Bobby Jindal) has not only made a Vanity Fair best dressed list, but is getting her Ph.D. in marketing from Louisiana State University. And of course, we can't help but mention that Bill Clinton (husband of Hilary Clinton) has already been a two-term president. 

Each First Lady brings to the White House her own unique experiences, personalities, and abilities, in addition to her own agenda. While it's still unclear what some of these women (and men) plan to add to their agendas, it's clear that healthcare, women's rights, and education are at the forefront. Of course, as women gain more and more traction in the political realm, it won't be long before America has its first female president, which could mean the first "First Gentleman" in the white house. In fact, it could be as soon as next election! (We're looking at you, Bill Clinton or Frank Fiorina.) There's also potential for the United States to not have a first anything: candidate Lindsey Graham is single.

So take a look at this list of possible 2016 First Ladies and then exercise your right to vote! Vote up the woman or man you think will make the best First Lady or First Gentleman!
Rank the Potential First Ladies (And First Gentlemen),

Columba Bush

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Jeb Bush. 

Best First Lady Traits: She is an advocate for the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence, the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, and Arts for Life, a group that provides scholarships to young artists. Yet, it's interesting to note that during her husband's governorship in Florida from 1999 to 2007, she often retreated to Miami while he remained in Tallahassee. It was reported that she felt her husband's career had damaged their children and ruined her life. 

Pet Project Would Be: Perhaps nothing, if she chooses to stay out of the limelight. If she does decide to speak out it will most likely be to bring attention to victims of domestic violence or providing help to the youth of the nation.

Source: The Atlantic

Libby Pataki

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate George Pataki.

Best First Lady Traits: During her time as First Lady of New York (1995 to 2007) she launched an overhaul of the "I Love NY" campaign and actively promoted New York’s dynamic economic sectors, such as the agriculture industry. She also advocated for women’s and children’s health issues, such as breast cancer awareness and smoking prevention.

Pet Project Would Be: Tourism, women's and Children's health issues. 

Source: GeorgePataki.com

Ruth Westheimer
Who: Wife of Republican candidate Lincoln Chafee. 

Best First Lady Traits: She was Rhode Island's first AIDS research nurse and went on to co-found the state's only clinic that provided free health services to the needy. She's known as being a wealthy philanthropist that is dedicated to health care-related causes. 

Pet Project Would Be: Healthcare and AIDS research.

Source: boston.com

Janet Huckabee

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Mike Huckabee. 

Best First Lady Traits: She was nicknamed the "first tomboy" when her husband was governor of Arkansas, most likely for her interest in skiing, jet skiing, swimming, basketball, parachuting, and bungee jumping. A year after marrying her husband she was diagnosed with spinal cancer. After surgery and radiation she made a full recovery. 

Pet Project Would Be: It's unclear what she might focus on right now. Though she has led youth outreach programs in the past, she says right now she's just focused on getting her husband elected. 

Sources: U.S. News, Newsweek

Supriya Jolly Jindal

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Bobby Jindal. 

Best First Lady Traits: After receiving her undergrad degree in chemical engineering (at Tulane), she went on to receive her master's degree in business and is working on a Ph.D. in marketing from Louisiana State University.

Pet Project Would Be: Most likely working to help promote science and technology education for children, just as her foundation, The Jindal Foundation does for the children of Louisiana. 

Source: International Business Times

Jeanette Dousdebes

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Marco Rubio.

Best First Lady Traits: Dousdebes has mainly stuck to the sidelines of her husband's political career, ensuring her kids have a stable life, but has said she likes campaigning because, “You meet a lot of different people and you hear their stories.” She also works part-time at the Braman Family Foundation, which helps to manage millions of dollars in donations to nonprofits and charities. She was also a Miami Dolphins cheerleader and appeared on their first swimsuit calendar. 

Pet Project Would Be: Bringing awareness to human trafficking. She has been involved with an organization called Kristi’s House that was created to help kids who are victims of human trafficking.

Source: Heavy.com

Mary Pat Foster

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Chris Christie.

Best First Lady Traits: She's worked in the financial realm since graduating with her MBA from Seton Hall University. She took a hiatus from her job as managing director at the specialty investment firm Angelo, Gordon & Co in April 2015. Prior to working there she's held jobs at JPMorgan Chase, Fleet Securities, Cantor Fitzgerald, and Mendham Capital Management, a firm she co-founded. After Hurricane Sandy she helped to organize the Hurricane Sandy New Jersey Relief Fund.

Pet Project Would Be: Helping out non-profits. In 2010 she launched the New Jersey Heroes, which helps to bring recognition to individuals and non-profit organizations working to help make improvements in the state. 

Source: International Business Times

Candy Carson

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate Ben Carson. 

Best First Lady Traits: She is a former concert violinist and graduate of Yale (that's where she and her husband first met). She and her husband founded the Carson Scholars Fund, which works to award students who have embraced high levels of academic excellence and community service with $1,000 college scholarships. 

Pet Project Would Be: Education.  

Sources: CarsonScholars.orgDaily Entertainment News

Hong Le Webb

Who: Wife of Democratic presidential candidate Jim Webb.   

Best First Lady Traits: She's worked as a securities and corporate lawyer and currently works as an international consultant for the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress.

Pet Project Would Be: It's unclear what she might focus on, but seeing as she is a mom to the couple's daughter, she knows how hard it is to balance work and being a mommy. No doubt that her experience as an international consultant will help her husband should he become president. 

Source: Bustle

Karen Kasich

Who: Wife of Republican presidential candidate John Kasich.

Best First Lady Traits: She's worked in healthcare, public relations and marketing, and was a vice president at healthcare advertising agency, GSW Worldwide.

Pet Project Would Be: Anti-drug programs for youths and health. She's known for being a fitness enthusiast and is often found running or swimming. 

 Source: International Business Times

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 10:47:11 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/potential-first-ladies/jessica-lawshe
<![CDATA[2016 Politicians Who Are Best at Evading Questions]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-dodging-questions/ranker-news
It's really no surprise that these politicians are good at evading questions. But when it comes to the 2016 candidates for US President, which candidate is the best question dodger, vague answerer, and all around evader of the straight answer? Vote up the politicians you think are the best at dodging questions, be they from journalists or everyday citizens on the campaign trail.

Which of these politicians running for president give the most "political" and vague answers? Leading up to the 2016 election, these career politicians have spent years governing or owning businesses, but it sure seems they also spent some time in "training to evade questions" school.

Politicians evading questions provide some of the most frustrating and entertaining parts of the campaign season, especially when the debates come along. Democrats and Republicans all unite, when it comes to the politicians themselves, because their candidates are constantly dodging questions. Watching Hillary Clinton AND Jeb Bush try to talk their way out of controversies or hard-hitting news questions is something that voters of any party or political beliefs can expect to see a lot of in the 2016 presidential election.

No matter who ends up becoming the 45th President of the United States, he or she will probably dodge the tough questions throughout their campaigns. Which candidate is a known question dodger? Which of these political superstars do you want a straight answer from, once and for all? Cast your votes below and head to the comments section to discuss the worst question dodges of the 2016 campaign.

2016 Politicians Who Are Best at Evading Questions,

Bernie Sanders

Carly Fiorina
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016

Donald Trump

Hillary Clinton

Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016
Martin O'Malley
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Rick Perry
Ended campaign on September 11,2015

Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Ted Cruz

Rand Paul
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 07:46:58 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-dodging-questions/ranker-news
<![CDATA[The Best 2016 Presidential Candidates]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-presidential-candidates/ranker-news
A list of the 2016 presidential candidates, as ranked by savvy politicos. The electoral field is wide open and chock full of millionaires and politicians who have been active in the political spotlight for decades whether they're Democrats or Republicans. From former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to reality show star Donald Trump, the candidates have been in the public eye for years and years. Many of the potential 2016 presidential nominees are household names, but there are newcomers as well.

The fresh blood in the race comes from the likes of Republican candidates Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, the latter of whom has caused a lot of controversy and garnered a name for himself in recent years. Another surprising contender is former Socialist Bernie Sanders, who has been accused of running for more symbolic reasons than practical ones.

From heavy favorites to dark horses, this list rounds up the 2016 presidential election candidates. Whomever ends up securing nominations, the candidates will definitely keep voters invested and entertained in the lead-up to the 2016 contest deciding the next Commander in Chief.

Vote up your favorite would-be presidents below! And stay tuned as more politicians announce their presidential bids! 

The Best 2016 Presidential Candidates,

Bernie Sanders

Chris Christie
Ended campaign on February 10, 2016

Donald Trump

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

Joe Biden
Announced he would not run for president on October 21, 2015
John Kasich
Ended campaign on May 4, 2016
Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Ted Cruz
Ended campaign on May 3, 2016
Rand Paul
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Tue, 23 Jun 2015 10:06:08 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/2016-presidential-candidates/ranker-news
<![CDATA[The Best Official Democratic Candidates for 2016]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/democratic-presidential-candidates-2016/ranker-news
The race for the next President of the United States has begun and Democratic hopefuls have started announcing their official bids for the 2016 presidential election. Some Democratic presidential candidates, like former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, are veterans of the campaign trail, whereas others, like former Governor of Maryland Martin O'Malley, are using their fresh ideas to attract voters.

Each candidate has their own set of challenges. While Hillary Clinton is the frontrunner out of all the democrats running for president, she has been in the public eye the longest and is open to the most criticism. The other candidates are tasked with quickly introducing themselves to voters who may know little about them.

Included on this list are all current candidates and the details about their announcements and political platforms, as well as links to their campaign websites. Vote for the best Democratic candidates for the 2016 Presidential election and for a look across the aisle, check out this list of Republican candidates.
The Best Official Democratic Candidates for 2016,

Bernie Sanders
Current position: Junior United States Senator of Vermont

Political Positions: Focused on ending the toxic nature of American partisan politics, Bernie Sanders is a strong opponent of income and wealth inequality enforced by the current economic system and big business sponsorship of political candidates. Sanders wants to lead opposition to the Keystone XL pipeline and increase funding for reducing greenhouse emissions.
Announcement: Sanders announced his bid for the presidency and outlined his campaign issues during a speech at Lake Champlain in Vermont. He said, "I have seen the promise of America in my own life. My parents would have never dreamed that their son would be a U.S. Senator, let alone run for president. But for too many of our fellow Americans, the dream of progress and opportunity is being denied by the grind of an economy that funnels all the wealth to the top."

Hillary Clinton
Current position: Former Secretary of State

Political PositionsHillary Clinton has built her campaign on the fight for the working class. She is pushing for a higher minimum wage, Obamacare support, small business and family tax relief, and affordable college tuition.

uncement: Hillary's announcement video emphasizes the everyday issues of Americans, and asks voters to join her in tackling these important causes.

Lincoln Chafee
Ended campaign on October 23, 2015
Current position: 
Former Governor of Rhode Island
Political Positions: Chafee opposed the Iraq invasion at the time of it's approval, and now states "aversion to foreign entanglements" as one of his main priorities. He also is pushing for the protection of civil liberties, including reproductive rights and an end to phone tapping.
Announcement: During a foreign policy speech at George Mason University, Chafee formally announced his 2016 presidential bid, declaring that "if we as leaders show good judgement and make good decisions, we can fix much of what is ailing us." He also criticized fellow Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton's recent scandal involvement, saying "Our State Department just has to be above all controversy, and it's regrettable now to me what's happening with emails [and] the foundation."

Martin O'Malley
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Current position: 
Former Governor of Maryland
Political Positions: Seen as a progressive underdog with new ideas for a new time, O'Malley's platform pushes for higher wages, the accountability of big business, lower college tuition and debt, immigration rights, and women's rights. 
Announcement: O'Malley announced his presidency in May through a speech assuring the resiliency and promise of the fading American Dream. He insisted, "It does not have to be this way. This generation of Americans still has time to become great. We must save our country now. And we will do that by rebuilding the dream."

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 08:06:32 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/democratic-presidential-candidates-2016/ranker-news
<![CDATA[Politicians Who Do the Best Thumb Point Thing]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-do-the-best-thumb-point-thing/jacob-shelton
Occasionally, it's fun to judge politicians, not by their policies, but by their ability to do the thumb point thing that Bill Clinton made de rigueur in the '90s. If you don’t know what we’re talking about, check out photos of Clinton on the campaign trail and you’ll start seeing the thumb point hand gesture everywhere you look. From incumbent city councilmen to state senators, the thumb point thing is no longer an affectation of small town witticism – it’s just the way business is done. Break out your dad’s hand grip tool and get ready to practice while you check out this list of the politicians with the best thumb point hand gesture thing.

If you haven’t been able to tell, we’re not sure what to call the thumb point hand gesture thing. “The Clinton Thumb” seems to get the most play around the web, but now that there are two Clinton’s clogging up the politosphere, it doesn’t feel right to attribute the gesture to an abstract “Clinton.” Maybe we’ll star calling it “Uncle Bill’s Thumb.” But even that feels icky. If you’ve got a better name for it, leave it in the comment section!.

This list won’t tell you who to vote for in the next election, but it will show you who has the best presidential thumb point thing – and that’s got to be worth something.
Politicians Who Do the Best Thumb Point Thing,

Bernie Sanders

Bobby Jindal

Chris Christie

George Pataki

Jim Webb

John Kasich

Lincoln Chafee

Mike Huckabee

Dr. Ben Carson Pulls the Presidential Thumb from Within

We Like Pete King's Style

Thu, 18 Jun 2015 11:34:47 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-do-the-best-thumb-point-thing/jacob-shelton
<![CDATA[U.S. Presidents Before and After Major Historical Events]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-presidents-before-and-after-major-events/mel-judson
This list of US presidents before and after major historical events gives visual insight into the presidential aging process. The ways in which big decisions, political scandals, and international warfare take a toll on a president becomes abundantly clear with the photographs below. See the ways in which World War II affected the Commander in Chief or the drastic difference between a pre-Iran-Contra Ronald Reagan and a post-Iran-Contra Ronald Reagan.

From FDR to LBJ, these presidential before and after photos are astounding. This job comes with gray hairs and wrinkles, as President Bill Clinton learned the hard way, given this appearance once impeachment was on the table. Speaking of impeachment, Richard Nixon got even saggier after the Watergate scandal, just as George W. Bush became far crustier once he was knee deep in the Iraq War. Even President Barack Obama shows intense aging after Benghazi and HealthCare.gov.

Which historical events took the biggest toll on sitting US presidents? Upvote the photos below that show the most drastic difference between the appearance of these US political leaders early in their terms, and later on, after the realities of politics and government affairs wore them down.

U.S. Presidents Before and After Major Historical Events,

Abraham Lincoln
FDR came to office under stressful times that would age any man, but Pearl Harbor rendered him a ghost of his former self. The launch of World War II took a toll on President Roosevelt, as his hair thinned and skin wrinkled from the stress.
Barack Obama
On the left is a pre-Benghazi, pre-HealthCare.gov, pre-ISIS, pre-Newtown, pre-San Bernadino, pre-candidate Donald Trump president named Barack Obama (at his very first State of the Union address). On the right is noticeably grayer Obama at his last State of the Union in 2016.

Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton's wrinkles decided to show up after a woman named Monica Lewinsky entered his life -- or perhaps a man named Kenneth Starr. President Clinton's impeachment trials were evidently quite stressful. This before-and-after photo illustrates why men shouldn't cheat on their wives.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
FDR came to office under stressful times that would age any man, but Pearl Harbor rendered him a ghost of his former self. The launch of World War II took a toll on President Roosevelt, as his hair thinned and skin wrinkled from the stress.
George W. Bush
Even after September 11th, George Bush looked like your average Baby Boomer. But after the absolute stress and total chaos of the Iraq War, you can see a far grayer and wrinklier President Bush.
Harry S. Truman
Harry Truman wasn't exactly a young man when he entered the Oval Office. However, these two photos show the distinction between his first years as president and the years towards the end. On the right, you can see President Truman has aged considerably after making the call to drop the A-bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Herbert Hoover
The Great Depression was not so great for Herbert Hoover, who rapidly became a gray-haired president. You can almost watch Hoover's downward spiral, in terms of aging, in correlation with the downward spiral of the economy he was presiding over.
Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter was changed by the Iran hostage crisis, as were international relations overall. For Carter, you can see it in his face, as his the droopy and saggy post-Iran hostage  president clearly had a rough time.
Richard Nixon
Even once Richard Nixon committed the Watergate crimes, he did not look terribly aged. His rapid aging was a result of the scandal actually breaking, as you can see a bespectacled President Nixon saying farewell to his job.
Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan was always the oldest president, but his transition to the absolute oldest-looking president is startling. The Iran-Contra affair took a toll on the President, as the picture on the right clearly reveals.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 06:27:05 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-presidents-before-and-after-major-events/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The 50 Hottest Founding Fathers]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-founding-fathers/carly-kiel
Hey, ladies and gentlemen. Are you poking around the Internet looking for some foxy new faces to ogle? Well, here is a list of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, ranked by hotness. Unlike many of the US Presidents, every single guy on this list was dead by the time photography rolled around. Do you know what that means? You guessed it: Every image on this list is based on an oil painting. Which Founding Father looked most physically attractive when immortalized on canvas (or, eventually, some form of currency)?

This isn't a list of all U.S. founding fathers - just the sexy ones. What even is a Founding Father, anyway? Well, the hot dudes on this list signed either one or two or all of these documents: the Declaration of Independence (1776 duh), the Articles of Confederation (1777), and/or the freaking Constitution (1787). There are 50 of those fellows pictured below. If you ask an official American historian's opinion, he might say that there are seven main Founding Fathers. They are John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington. Don't worry; they are all listed here, too, and you vote on one of them as Hot or Not as you please. But if you are like, "Well, I don't see Nathaniel Scudder on this list," I hate to tell you, but he was not even close to one of the Top 50. But the rest of your ATFFFs (All-Time Favorite Founding Fathers) are here, including caddish Thomas Heyward, ladies' man Francis Lightfoot Lee, and heartbreaker Elbridge Gerry.

What do you think the American Founding Fathers were like IRL? A lot were lawyers, some were speculators (what), and many owned and managed slaves (yikes!). But the real question is whether they were too busy being revolutionaries and sticking it to King George to really give their wives the time of day. (Only four of the delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention remained lifelong bachelors, btw). After all, what good is a strong jawline and shapely calves built for breeches if you are never even at home? What are we even talking about anymore? Enjoy this gallery of hot guys from the 1770s and 1780s, and vote up the ones who give you the tingles.
The 50 Hottest Founding Fathers,

Alexander Hamilton

Arthur Middleton

Benjamin Harrison V

Edward Telfair

George Ross

George Washington

John Hancock

Lyman Hall

Oliver Wolcott

Thomas Jefferson

Wed, 03 Jun 2015 03:40:18 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-founding-fathers/carly-kiel
<![CDATA[20 Glorious Vintage Photos of US Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/vintage-pictures-of-politicians/mel-judson
Enjoy these vintage picturess of politicians when they were young. This list features politicians' high school yearbook pictures, photos of politicians in college, as well as politicians before they were famous. You'll see former Presidents of the United States, Senators, Governors, and Congresswomen in their early days when they were young, wild, free, and not at all bogged down by the American political system.

If you're looking for awesome throwback young photos of Hillary Clinton or vintage pictures of George W. Bush, you've come to the right place. Beyond the Clinton and Bush political dynasties, there are several young political families whose photographs are ranked here for your viewing pleasure. You'll never guess what Nancy Pelosi used to look like and the way you see Al Sharpton (pictured here with James Brown!) will never be the same.

Where can you find young politician pics from their less prestigious days? Only on this list will you find the funniest, cutest, and most surprising shots of your elected officials. Upvote the most interesting and cool vintage pics of these politicians, no matter what you think of their policies and voting records.

20 Glorious Vintage Photos of US Politicians,

Barack Obama

Bill Clinton

Elizabeth Warren

George W. Bush

Hillary Clinton

Joe Biden

Mitt Romney

Nancy Pelosi

Ron Paul

Sarah Palin

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 06:27:05 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/vintage-pictures-of-politicians/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The Greatest U.S. Vice Presidents of All Time]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/crowdranked-list/the-greatest-u-s-vice-presidents-of-all-time

Here are the greatest United States Vice Presidents, ranked from best to worst. Vote up on the good VPs, and vote down on the bad ones. 

When America remembers the best vice presidents, names like Lyndon Johnson and Al Gore often come up. Although they had their mistakes, these VPs contributed much to their nation. Of course, there were U.S. Vice Presidents who utterly failed at their jobs. George H.W. Bush's Vice President Dan Quayle often made a fool of himself in the media (the "potatoe" incident). 

On November 8, 2016, Governor of Indiana Mike Pence was elected as the 48th Vice President. Appointed chairman of President Donald Trump's transition team, Vice President Mike Pence serves an important role as a mediator between the President and congressional Republicans. 

Don't forget to rerank this list and make your own version of the greatest U.S. Vice Presidents.

The Greatest U.S. Vice Presidents of All Time,

Al Gore
45th Vice President (under Bill Clinton) - 1993-2001
Calvin Coolidge
29th Vice President (under Warren G. Harding) - 1921-1923

George H. W. Bush
43rd Vice President (under Ronald Reagan) - 1981-1989
Gerald Ford
40th Vice President (under Richard Nixon) - 1973-1974

Harry S. Truman
34th Vice President (under Franklin D. Roosevelt) - 1945
Joe Biden
47th Vice President (under Barack Obama) 2009 - Present

John Adams
1st Vice President (under George Washington) - 1789-1797
Lyndon B. Johnson
37th Vice President (under John F. Kennedy) - 1961-1963
Theodore Roosevelt
25th Vice President (under William McKinley) - 1901
Thomas Jefferson
2nd Vice President (under John Adams), 1797-1801

Tue, 19 May 2015 04:04:58 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/crowdranked-list/the-greatest-u-s-vice-presidents-of-all-time
<![CDATA[The Oddest First Jobs of Famous Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/first-jobs-of-politicians/mel-judson
This list odd first jobs of politicians will surprise and entertain you. Find out what your favorite (or least favorite) Senators, Governors, and Presidents used to do way, way, way back in the day to support themselves. These are the first jobs these politicians ever had, including Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama, and Rand Paul. Let's just say these odd jobs weren't on the resumes that got them all the way to Capitol Hill.

Which 2016 presidential candidate stayed out late after working the miniature golf course in high school? And which former president used to measure land for farmers at the rate of 40 cents an hour for 10 hours a day? Which other 2016 hopeful once built exotic bird cages?

These weird and surprising first jobs of politicians are ranked here and awaiting your votes. So many politicians had odd jobs before they took office, from food court mall jobs to lifeguard at the pool, what did your Senator do back in the day? Upvote the oddest first jobs of political figures below and let us know about your first job in the comments section!

The Oddest First Jobs of Famous Politicians,

Barack Obama
When President Barack Obama was a teenager, he lived with his grandparents. He also got his first job, which was serving ice cream at a Baskin-Robbins in Honolulu, HI.

Elizabeth Warren
Before Elizabeth Warren was a progressive and feminist hero, she was just a babysitter for the family across the street.

Source: ElizabethWarren.com
Gerald Ford
Before he was Leader of the Free World, he was flipping burgers. President Gerald Ford grilled hamburgers at a local restaurant while he was just a high school student.

Source: CNN Money
Jacques Chirac
Can you imagine the former President of France bussing tables at a HoJo? Try. While paying for Harvard summer school, Jacques Chirac was a busboy and waiter at hotel in the back of a Howard Johnson's. He even earned a certificate of honor "for artistry in making banana splits."

Source: The New York Times

Jimmy Carter
Sure, you know all about Carter's peanut farming background, but did you know that in high school he was paid 40 cents an hour to measure land for the government 10 hours a day as a surveyor?

Source: UCSB.edu
Joe Biden
Vice President Joe Biden has come a long way since his teenage years. Back when Biden was a teen, you could find him in Wilmington, DE as the lifeguard of his local swimming pool.

Source: The Root

Marco Rubio
Marco Rubio's first job came from within the family, but don't get too jealous about the nepotism. Long before he was a Senator, Rubio built cages for exotic birds at an import-export company owned by his brother in law.

Dick Durbin
Dick Durbin's first job came when he had to pay his own way through college. In East St. Louis, Durbin worked long hours in stock yards as a meat packer.

Source: DickDurbin.com
Rand Paul
It's hard to imagine Kentucky Senator and 2016 Presidential candidate Rand Paul working at a miniature golf course. But that was his first job in high school, which he said was "great because I got to stay out late since my parents didn't really know what time the mini golf closed."

The Washington Post
Robert Andrews - Janitor
New Jersey: your state representative used to be a janitor. Rep. Robert Andrews got his first job in high school, working as a janitor thanks to a summer job-training program through the Department of Labor.

The Hill

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 06:27:05 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/first-jobs-of-politicians/mel-judson
<![CDATA[26 Politicians Who Were Assassinated]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-were-murdered/celebrity-lists
Unfortunately, many prominent politicians have been assassinated due to political and personal reasons. Several famous presidents, mayors and senators have been murdered. Most of these politicians were killed because of their political stances, but some were murdered because of a beef with someone they knew. One famous politician was killed during an assassination attempt of a president-elect.

Who is the most famous politician who was murdered? John F. Kennedy tops our list. John F. Kennedy died on November 22, 1963, at age 46, after being shot in Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the assassination. His brother Robert F. Kennedy died on June 6, 1968, at age 42, after being shot by Sirhan Sirhan in Los Angeles. Abraham Lincoln died on April 15, 1865, at age 56, after being shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.

Anton Cermak died on March 6, 1933, at age 59, after being shot during an assassination attempt on President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt. Harvey Milk died on November 27, 1978, at age 48, after being shot by supervisor Dan White in San Francisco. George Moscone was also killed in that same attack.

Why do you think that so many politicians were murdered? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
26 Politicians Who Were Assassinated,

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln died on April 15, 1865, at age 56, after being shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C.


Harvey Milk
Harvey Milk died on November 27, 1978, at age 48, after being shot by supervisor Dan White in San Francisco.


Huey Long
Huey Long died on September 10, 1935, at age 42, after being shot at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge.


Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi died on October 31, 1984, at age 66, after being shot by two of her own bodyguards.


James Strang
James Strang died on July 9, 1856, at age 43, after being ambushed by a group of 40 men.


John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy died on November 22, 1963, at age 46, after being shot in Dallas. Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the assassination.


Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy died on June 6, 1968, at age 42, after being shot by Sirhan Sirhan in Los Angeles.


Spencer Perceval
Spencer Perceval died on May 11, 1812, at age 49, after being shot the lobby of the House of Commons.


William McKinley
William McKinley died on September 14, 1901, at age 58, after being shot in New York.


Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin died on November 4, 1995, at age 73, after being gunned down in Tel Aviv.


Mon, 19 Jan 2015 01:55:57 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-who-were-murdered/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[The Best Official Republican Candidates for 2016]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republican-presidential-candidates-2016/ranker-news
The United States 2016 presidential race is heating up and this list will keep track of the officially-announced Republican candidates. Vote up the most viable Republican presidential election candidates, from Kentucky Senator Rand Paul to Florida Senator Marco Rubio. Learn about each of the Republican candidates for president on this list and find out who they really are. Their political positions, their current jobs, and the ways in which they formally declared their candidacies are all listed here, along with links to their official campaign websites.

The GOP presidential candidates 2016 are campaigning for your vote. They all seek to defeat current Democratic frontrunner Hillary Clinton, who announced her candidacy on YouTube. Most of these candidates, however, spoke from their home turfs (or the state in which they currently serve in the Senate) and announced that they would be running for president in 2016, as Republicans, to crowds of supporters.

Who do you think should win the nomination on the Republican presidential ticket? Cast your votes below before voting in the Republican primaries, and head over to the comments section to let us know which other Republican politicians and GOP members you hope declare their candidacy in the months to come. And for a look across the aisle, here are the official Democratic candidates.

The Best Official Republican Candidates for 2016,

Bobby Jindal
Current position: Governor of Louisiana

Political Positions: Bobby Jindal has been a staunch pro-lifer since the beginning of his political career, voting against advancement in embryonic stem cell research and pushing for restricted interstate transport of minors seeking abortions. He has also been critical of the lack of response to natural and environmental disasters by the federal government, and supports expansion of renewable energy, nuclear energy, and drilling.
Announcement: Governor Jindal tweeted, "I'm running for President of the United States of America. Join me," followed by a link to his announcement page which included videos of Jindal announcing his campaign to his family.

Chris Christie

Ended campaign on February 10, 2016

Current position:
Governor of New Jersey

Political Positions:
A fairly moderate Republican, Christie opposes abortion rights but has few ties to Christian conservatives. He promises extensive entitlement reform, the promotion of a strong military, and a lowering of the corporate tax rate.

Once a rising star in the party, Christie's disappointing record as New Jersey Governor has not made him a favorite among Republican voters. After a mishandling of the state's pension overhaul and a scandal involving the closing of lanes on the George Washington Bridge, Christie's only hope is to run on his charismatic personality. In a speech in Livingston, New Jersey, he said, "Americans are not angry. Americans are filled with anxiety. I’m here to tell you that anxiety can be swept away by strong leadership and decisiveness to lead America again.”

George Pataki
Ended campaign on December 30, 2015

Current position:
Former Governor of New York

Political Positions:
A long-shot to win the nomination, Pataki hails from a group of establishment northeastern Republicans who do not hold much power within the party any longer. He is a fiscal conservative with relatively liberal positions on abortion, gun control, environmental protection.

In a TV ad for this candidacy, Pataki said, "Defeating Islamic terrorists, shrinking government, growing the economy -- these are the issues that matter most."

Jeb Bush
Ended campaign on February 20, 2016

Current position:
Governor of Florida

Political positions: Floridians consider Bush a conservative Republican, thanks to his record of cutting taxes and scaling down what he said were burdensome regulations and bureaucracy. Socially, he has conservative views as well. Most notably, he fought the husband of brain-dead Terry Schiavo when Mr. Schiavo petitioned to remove her feeding tube. However, he is sometimes seen as a more moderate on issues like immigration (perhaps thanks to his Mexican-born wife, Columba). He supports a path to legal status.

Announcement: In a speech at a community college near Miami, Bush distanced himself from his family name, saying "Not a one of us deserves the job by right of résumé, party, seniority, family or family narrative." Instead, he positioned himself as a doer, not a talker-- citing his record of executing big ideas in Florida.

John Kasich
Current position: Governor of Ohio

Political Positions: Kasich stands out in the field of long-shot Republican candidates for his pro-Obamacare stance. Although he claims to believe that the Affordable Care Act should be repealed, he was quick to embrace it's expansion of Medicaid in his state. Kasich justified his actions to his party by explaining that his deeply held Catholic faith calls him to help the poor in any way possible. Kasich is also open to immigration reform and is considered a centrist by others in his party.

Announcement: In a speech at Ohio State University, Kasich told the crowd, "I have to humbly tell you that I believe I do have the skills, and I have the experience and the testing that shapes you and prepares you for the most important job in the world."

Lindsey Graham
Ended campaign on December 21, 2015

Current position:
Senator of South Carolina

Political Positions: An ally of John McCain, Graham is a moderate conservative on many issues, except when it comes to foreign policy. He is a national security hawk who has been a loud critic of what he sees as President Obama's weak responses to global threats like ISIS. He is also a defender of controversal government surveillance programs.

Graham announced his candidacy in a speech in his hometown of Central, South Caroline. Citing his foreign policy experience, Graham promised a strong national defense, saying, "I want to be President to defeat the enemies trying to kill us, not just penalize them or criticize them or contain them, but defeat them."

Marco Rubio
Ended campaign on March 15, 2016

Current position:
Senator of Florida

Political positions: The "Crown Prince" of the Tea Party, Rubio's conservative social and fiscal policies earned him a 100% rating from the American Conservative Union.

Announcement: Rubio gave a speech in Miami and referenced Hillary Clinton as "a leader from yesterday," promising that "Yesterday is over and we're never going back."

Mike Huckabee
Ended campaign on February 1, 2016

Current position:
Former Arkansas governor, former host of Fox New's Huckabee, and current political commentator on The Huckabee Report

Political positions:
A former Southern Baptist minister, Huckabee's political views are largely informed by his deep religiosity. He draws support from the right's evangelical base. He first ran for president in 2008, where he did well among Republican religious voters who agreed with his very conservative views on abortion, homosexuality, evolution, and gun control.

Announcement: In a speech in Arkansas on May 5, 2015, Huckabee debuted what may turn out to be his 2016 campaign slogan, "From hope to higher ground," a jab at Obama's 2008 campaign promise of hope and change. "I commit this to you today," Huckabee said. "I will never apologize for America. Ever."

Rick Santorum
Ended campaign on February 3, 2016

Current position:
Former Senator from Pennsylvania

Political Positions:
A socially conservative Republican, Santorum has been referred to as a "right-wing extremist" for his views on gay marriage, abortion, privacy, public assistance, and other controversial issues. He is firmly pro-life, against gay marriage, and has been an outspoken critic of Obamacare.

After a failed bid in 2012, Santorum announced that he would once again be running for President. He said in a speech, "As middle America is hollowing out, we can't sit idly by as big government politicians make it harder for our workers and then turn around and blame them for losing jobs overseas. American families don't need another president tied to big government or big money."

Scott Walker
Current position: Senator of Wisconsin 

Political positions: Walker is perhaps best known for taking on unions in his state in an attempt to reign in spending. He effectively ended the right of collective bargaining, making him a hero to the Right and a villain to the Left. After the contentious fight against public employee unions, he survived a recall vote in 2012. On social issues, he is firmly conservative. He even called for a Constitutional amendment to overturn the ruling for gay marriage by the Supreme court.

Walker kicked off his campaign with a speech in Waukesha, Wisconsin after Tweeting, "I’m in. I’m running for president because Americans deserve a leader who will fight and win for them.”

Wed, 15 Apr 2015 05:48:59 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/republican-presidential-candidates-2016/ranker-news
<![CDATA[The Best Portrayals of Real U.S. Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-actors-who-played-presidents/mel-judson
There have been countless movies about presidents, including many about the men who have served as President of the United States, and many of the best actors in film (or TV) have portrayed them. This list compiles the best actors who played presidents, not including fake presidents, (though we wish Jed Bartlet from The West Wing had actually held office). Instead, this list ranks the depictions of real-life Presidents of the United States by these top Hollywood actors.

These A-list actors (unfortunately there are no actresses here, as America has yet to elect a female president) turned in good performances from both movies anf television. So whether it is a mini-series about the Kennedy family, a TV show about George W. Bush, or a movie about one of the Roosevelts, it will be ranked here.

Make sure to vote for your favorite onscreen portrayal of real U.S. presidents. Both Randy Quaid and Dennis Quaid make the list, as popular actors like Bill Murray and Daniel Day-Lewis. Plus, fathers and sons not only just become presidents like the Bushes - but they actually play presidents in movies and on TV. For instance, James Brolin's Ronald Reagan makes the cut while his son Josh Brolin's George W. Bush is also featured on this list.

Upvote your favorite American presidential portrayals below, then be sure to cast your votes for the fictional politicians you wish would run for office, and let the world know which Presidents of the United States of America you think are the greatest in US history.

The Best Portrayals of Real U.S. Presidents,

Aidan Quinn
Aidan Quinn appeared as President Ulysses S. Grant in the 2010 movie Jonah Hex. Quinn's President Grant was a memorable element of the film and NBC Bay Area even published an article called "Aidan Quinn Plays Best President Grant Ever."
Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins played President Richard M. Nixon in the aptly-titled film Nixon. The Oliver Stone biopic aired in 1995 and was nominated for four Academy Awards. One of those Oscar nominations went to Anthony Hopkins for his depiction of President Nixon.
Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis played President Abraham Lincoln in the 2012 film Lincoln. He received an Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role, becoming the first male performer to win three Oscars in that category. He also won for There Will Be Blood in 2007 and My Left Foot in 1990.
Darrell Hammond
Darrell Hammond played over 100 celebrities on Saturday Night Live during his 1995-2009 stint on the sketch comedy show. However, his most memorable impression was certainly his Bill Clinton. USA Today called Hammond's performance as Clinton "flawless" and the Chicago Tribune said his impression is what truly "made [Hammond] famous."
Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise played President Harry S. Truman in the 1995 HBO film Truman. The made-for-TV biopic saw Gary Sinise take home the Golden Globe for Best Actor as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award, and a CableACE Award, all for his performance as President Truman.
Greg Kinnear
Greg Kinnear played President John F. Kennedy in the 2011 miniseries The Kennedys. Kinnear's JFK was nominated for an Emmy Award as well as a Screen Actors Guild Award.
Jon Voight
Jon Voight portrayed President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Pearl Harbor. The 2001 Michael Bay movie won many awards but Voight, whose politics are at complete odds with the man he portrayed, was hailed by critics for his performance as the wheelchair-bound president.
Paul Giamatti
Paul Giamatti portrayed President John Adams in the 2008 HBO miniseries John Adams. The miniseries was broken down into seven parts and won 13 Emmy Awards, more than any other miniseries in history. One of those Emmys (and a Golden Globe) went to Giamatti.
Robin Williams
Robin Williams played President Teddy Roosevelt in the Night at the Museum franchise. Williams originated the role in Night at the Museum (2006) followed by Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian (2009) and Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb, which was one of the last films Williams ever acted in before his death.
Will Ferrell
Will Ferrell played George W. Bush on Saturday Night Live and later in the HBO special You're Welcome America. Ferrell's portrait of the 43rd President of the United States scored him an Emmy nomination in 2001 and his Broadway play (which became the HBO special) was nominated for a Tony Award.

Mon, 02 Feb 2015 08:00:39 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-actors-who-played-presidents/mel-judson
<![CDATA[Look: These Old Presidents Used to Be Hot Back in the Day]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-us-presidents/carly-kiel
Ladies: It's time to rank the hottest US Presidents of all time. The leader of the free world is a powerful man, and sure, power is attractive. But which of these guys would be sexy without the the ability to veto laws? This gallery will show you pictures of all of the POTUSes of the past, with photos when available and oil paintings when not. It also features each President in his prime, before the tolls of the job claimed his metabolism, youthful glow, and lustrous hair (unless he was one of the guys who always wore a powdered wig, in which case he looks old in all of his portraits). Who was the hottest American President? Vote up the ones who get your red white and blue blood flowing and your pantaloons in a twist.

While it may be difficult to separate personal politics from lusts of the flesh, try to be objective here. This list is only about raw physical appearance, not anyone's stance on abortion or the Tea Act of 1773. Consider that many of these brilliant and charming men were also athletes and military veterans. Actor-turned-politician Ronald Reagan was even nicknamed "The Gipper" after playing a strapping young football star in a 1940 film. At 42, JFK was famously the youngest man ever elected to the White House, but did you know that Theodore Roosevelt was 86 days younger when he assumed office following the assassination of William McKinley? Did you?? Also, 47-year-old Grover Cleveland - who was both the 22nd and 24th President - married a 21-year-old while in office, so make of that what you will.

Rutherford B. Hayes looked like he could break your heart. A colored photograph of Ulysses S. Grant shows him looking a little like Michael Fassbender. College-age Richard Nixon is a dead ringer for Harvey Keitel. On the other end of the spectrum are some pretty doughy old dudes who may not have ever made it if their faces had been plastered all over magazines and TV (cough Martin Van Buren). Vote and rerank to make a definitive list of all the US Presidents, ranked most handsome to fugliest.

Look: These Old Presidents Used to Be Hot Back in the Day,

Barack Obama
44th President

In office January 20, 2009 - present

Calvin Coolidge
30th President

In office August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929

Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th President

In office January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961

Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd President

In office March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945

George H. W. Bush
41st President

In office January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993

George W. Bush
43rd President

In office January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009

John F. Kennedy
35th President

In office January 3, 1953 – December 22, 1960

Ronald Reagan
40th President

In office January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989

Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President

In office March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881

Theodore Roosevelt
26th President

In office September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909

Fri, 30 Jan 2015 02:39:13 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hottest-us-presidents/carly-kiel
<![CDATA[Kids of Dead Politicians How Are They Doing Today]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/kids-of-dead-politicians-how-are-they-doing-today/mel-judson
These children of deceased politicians have amazing legacies to live up to. Their mothers and fathers were elected officials who represented districts, cities, states, and even countries as a whole. Love 'em or hate 'em, in politics, the media and politicians usually agree that children are off-limits. No matter what side of the aisle you are on, everyone hopes for the best for the children of those who have passed on. How are these children of deceased politicians doing now?

These dead politicians have not only left holes in the halls of Congress, but in their homes and their families. Their surviving offspring, the kids of dead politicians on this list, are featured here so that everyone can learn what they are up to, how they have been, and see pictures of what they look like today.

From politicians' kids who might seek office one day (or already hold an office) to adult children who are pursuing creative talents in the country they love, these politician children are all writing their own histories. See what the kids of Ted Kennedy, Ronald Reagan, and even Margaret Thatcher are up to now, and how they've been doing since the loss of their parents.
Kids of Dead Politicians How Are They Doing Today,

Andrew Cuomo
Andrew Cuomo followed in his father's footsteps exactly and took his place as the Governor of New York in 2010. He has been dating Sandra Lee since 2005, after his divorce from Robert F. Kennedy's daughter, Kerry Kennedy.
Mario Cuomo
Governor Mario Matthew Cuomo served three terms as the CEO of New York. He died in his beloved city of Manhattan from heart failure on New Year's Day 2015, leaving behind five children (Chris, Andrew, Maria, Margaret, and Madeline).
Strom Thurmond
Senator James Strom Thurmond was a Democrat who became a Republican after he opposed the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Serving nearly half a century as a South Carolina Senator, Thurmond died in 2003, revealing a mixed-race daughter (Essie Mae Washington), and three other children: Juliana, James, and Paul.
Thomas Menino
Boston's longest-serving mayor was in office from 1993 to 2014, the year of his death, and he was still teaching Political Science at Boston University. He left behind two children, Susan and Thomas Jr., when he died from cancer at age 71.
Paul Reynolds Thurmond
Paul Thurmond is a Republican Senator like his father, serving in the South Carolina Senate. He represents the 41st district and has been in office since January of 2013.
James Strom Thurmond Jr.
The man who bears his controversial father's name became the youngest US attorney at the age of 29. He stepped down as the United States Attorney of South Carolina in 2004 to pursue a private practice and remains a lawyer in Aiken, SC.
Chris Cuomo
Christopher Charles Cuomo is a TV journalist for CNN who is married with three children. Previously, he co-anchored 20/20 and served as chief justice and law correspondent for ABC News.
Juliana Gertrude Thurmond Whitmer
Juliana Whitmer went on to work for the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C. Her husband, Martin Taylor Whitmer Jr., worked as the Director of Government Relations for the American Road and Transportation Builders Association.
Susan Menino Fenton
Mayor Menino's daughter is now an event planner at Amy Kimball Events. In addition to working at the boutique event planning company, Fenton was the Registrar of Dorchester Youth Soccer for five years.
Thomas Menino, Jr.
Tom Menino Jr. is a detective for the Boston Police Department. Detective Menino was described by The Boston Globe as known for being "a hard-charging officer who relishes the often thankless work of the street."

Wed, 07 Jan 2015 07:18:07 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/kids-of-dead-politicians-how-are-they-doing-today/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The Most WTF Things Politicians Said in 2014]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/wtf-things-politicians-said-this-year/mel-judson

The most shocking political quotes of 2014 are here, and they are all from elected officials! This list ranks the craziest politician quotes from the year, including all of the worst gaffes and all of the most ridiculous, foot-in-mouth moments from some of the world's most prominent officials. The most disturbing lines on the list, of course, come when these politicians and candidates really did mean what they said. Though politicians are typically excellent public speakers, these elected leaders have made 2014 a year with plenty of funny political quotes and surprising political statements.

Whether they’re hilarious blunders, like gay marriage opponent Rick Santorum saying it’s “fun” to “bang the president,” or absolutely horrendous, like Indian politicians defending rape as “accidental,” all of these ridiculous statements from politicians will have you asking, “WTF?” But WTF moments from politicians in 2014 extend beyond America. Many international politicians have gotten in on the fun too. In addition to quotes from political party officials in Indian Parliament, the ridiculous political statements on this list include everyone’s favorite Canadian politician, Toronto Mayor Rob Ford.

What crazy things have politicians and world leaders said in 2014? This list compiles the best of the worst quotes from senators, representatives, governors, vice presidents, former presidents, and current president(s) alike. No matter their status in national or international government, these leaders have all made some very public errors in 2014. 

The Most WTF Things Politicians Said in 2014,

Babulal Gaur
"This is a social crime which depends on the man and the woman. It is sometimes right and sometimes wrong."

Babulal Gaur Yadav (Bharatiya Janata Party) gave this defense of rape after the 2014 Badaun gang rape. Even the party distanced itself from the Indian politician, saying it was only his personal opinion.

Barack Obama

Barack Obama (Democrat) awkwardly said this to a White House crowd, which included Aretha Franklin. POTUS, evidently, isn't great at spelling.

Bill Clinton
"The great thing about not being president anymore is you can say whatever you want. Unless your wife might run for something."

Bill Clinton (Democrat) is definitely on track to be the first and funniest first gentleman. This quote almost insinuates that former President Clinton wasn't honest when he was in office! Who would have thought?!

Harry Reid
"One problem that I've had today is keeping my Wongs straight."

Harry Reid (Democrat) doesn't just lead the majority in the U.S. Senate, he also has great Asian jokes! Nevada Senator Reid later said he regretted using the zingers in front of this mostly-Asian crowd in Vegas.

Joe Biden
"Isn't it a bitch? I mean... excuse me. The vice president thing."

Joe Biden (Democrat) was talking to a fellow vice president, this one of the Harvard business school and got real comfortable, even though he was in front of a crowd. Does everyone's favorite gaffe-machine not like his job?

Mulayam Singh Yadav
"Boys will be boys... They commit mistakes."

Mulayam Singh Yadav (Samajwadi Party) delivered this line during his argument against capital punishment for rape. As chairman of his party and member of Parliament, Yadav doesn't seem worried about voicing his beliefs.

Rick Santorum
"Look, I understand why campaigns and all of you want to go out and just bang the president. It's fun."

Rick Santorum (Republican) told the Iowa State GOP Convention that he totally gets why politicians of his party criticize Obama. The former senator from Pennsylvania and second-place 2012 Republican presidential nominee just happens to have poor word choice, especially given his anti-gay rhetoric.


Sarah Palin
"Waterboarding is how we baptize terrorists."

Sarah Palin (Republican) told NRA members that this is what terrorists would know if she "were in charge." And thus, she reminded us, again, why she didn't snag that Vice Presidential position a few years back.

Steve Vaillancourt
"Does anyone not believe that Congressman Annie Kuster is as ugly as sin? And I hope I haven't offended sin."

Steve Vaillancourt (Republican) is not the most female-friendly Congressman. The representative from New Hampshire wrote this in a 2014 blog post, even going on to compare the Congresswoman to a drag queen. He's known for formerly being a Democrat, accusing a man of having child porn with no proof in 2007, and being suspended from the House floor after saying "Sieg Heil" to the Speaker.


Ram Sewak Paikra
"Such incidents do not happen deliberately. These kind of incidents happen accidentally."

Ram Sewak Paikra (Bhariatiya Janata Party) shocked the world with this characterization of rape. The Indian cabinet minister and senior leader is responsible for law and order in the state assembly. How comforting.


Wed, 15 Oct 2014 02:49:20 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/wtf-things-politicians-said-this-year/mel-judson
<![CDATA[20 World Leaders (Allegedly) in the Illuminati]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/world-leaders-in-the-illuminati/mike-rothschild
It's not just politicians and leaders in the United States who are rumored to be in the Illuminati. Numerous prime ministers, royalty, international officials, and dictators around the world are also linked to the Cabal. The same goes for powerful world leaders from recent history, some of whom had their hands in the most destructive deception of all time: World War II. When it comes to world leaders in the Illuminati, there are some from all over the globe.

The world leaders listed here, past and present, all have alleged ties to the Illuminati, satanists, and/or lizard people aliens. From Queen Elizabeth and other British royalty, to prime ministers, Germany's chancellor, United Nations officials, and even the Pope, there are notable politicians from all corners of the planet who just might be involved with the Illuminati.

Which world leaders are Illuminati members? Read through the list below to find out who has been linked to the mysterious, shadowy organization, and why.

20 World Leaders (Allegedly) in the Illuminati,

Angela Merkel
As with all the leaders of major nations, German Chancellor Angela Merkel is posited to be a key Illuminatus, with her hands in Satanism, financial chicanery, and police state legislation. Some have declared her to be the most powerful woman in the world. She is also followed around by unsubstantiated rumors that she’s Adolf Hitler’s secret daughter. She’s not.
Ban Ki-moon
As Secretary-General of the United Nations, Ban is the figurehead of the closest thing to a One World Government there is. As such, he wields enormous power among high-level Illuminati. The website NWOtoday proclaims that Ban “has made repeated references to Global Governance – the time for Global Governance is now.” 

Benjamin Netanyahu
All Illuminati-watchers who have “woken up” know that at the heart of the Illuminati is a central cabal of Jewish leaders. The Prime Minister of Israel certainly would fit into this group, and Netanyahu is believed to have enormous influence in the group.

David Cameron
The British Prime Minister is thought to be a high-ranking Illuminati member heavily involved in corrupt banking (he is a former First Lord of the Treasury), child sacrifice, Satanism, and Freemasonry. He wields enormous power and wealth, given to him in exchange for the obedience of the British people.

Elizabeth II
It’s long been thought by Illuminati-watchers that the Windsor bloodline, of which Elizabeth II is a member, is actually comprised of reptilian lizards able to change their shapes into humans. As with all other Illuminati, she’s also involved with Satan, banking and killing those who stand in her way.
François Hollande
The President of France has been described as an Illuminati stooge. He is thought to be doing the bidding of his masters to ensure the continued financial health of the cabal in exchange for the pretense of power over France.

Gordon Brown
The former Prime Minister of Great Britain (the Illuminati replaced him with David Cameron), Brown is well-known for having given a speech in 2009, calling for the creation of a New World Order to deal with environmental and financial issues. This is classic cabal language, given in plain sight to indoctrinate the sheeple. 

Pope Francis
A central figure in the alleged Illuminati Satanic infiltration of the Catholic Church, Pope Francis is seen as a powerful member of the cabal, who possibly drinks the blood of children and ensures the obedience of millions of people through mind control and hand signals.

Nicolas Sarkozy
As the former President of France, Sarkozy is well known for his use of Illuminati hand signs and code words, as well as generally doing the bidding of his European and cabal masters. He is thought to have been removed from office (through a rigged election, of course) for numerous offenses and a messy divorce.

Vladimir Putin
The Russian president is an extremely powerful world leader, and as such, would normally be thought of as having Illuminati membership. However, some Illuminati experts have done further research that casts Putin as a renegade who defied the cabal and was kicked out for his behavior. They believe his aggressive behavior and militarism are in service of fighting the Illuminati, not working for them.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 09:35:09 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/world-leaders-in-the-illuminati/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[30 American Politicians (Allegedly) in the Illuminati]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/american-politicians-in-the-illuminati/mike-rothschild
Virtually every American president, vice president, presidential candidate, and high-level governor or senator is alleged to have some link to the Illuminati. Whether they're a puppet of the cabal or a powerful decision-maker, every one was placed into their position by the Illuminati to advance the group's goals of making more money and consolidating their power.

Here is a list of the most important Illuminati members that have attained prestige and influence in American politics and government-based economics. There are many others, but these are the most important. When it comes to Illuminati politics, there may be no end to their power.

From Barack Obama to Franklin D. Roosevelt, Illuminati members in politics come from all eras and all political parties. Allegedly, the Illuminati has had their hand in elections, appointments, and almost all other aspects of government in America. What other Illuminati conspiracies involve American politicians?  Which of your favorite elected officials might actually American Illuminati politicians? Read through the list of Illuminati in politics to find out.

30 American Politicians (Allegedly) in the Illuminati,

Al Gore
Gore is thought by some to be a major part of the Illuminati’s global warming hoax scheme to make money through green technology. As Vice President, he would have had serious cabal connections and has since turned his environmental crusading into a lucrative second career.

Barack Obama
President Obama is thought by many to have been hand-picked by the Illuminati to either bring down the United States or to usher in a fascist police state through socialist laws and staged conflicts. Virtually every action he has taken has been analyzed for Illuminati influence, with others believing he is either an agent of Satan or the actual Antichrist.

Bill Clinton
An extremely high-ranking Illuminati member, Clinton is thought to have personally killed hundreds of people to stay in power. He has also allegedly been involved in numerous conspiracies. According to NWOtoday, Clinton is “a member of the Skull and Bones Society, Bilderberg Group, Trilateral Commission, Rhodes Scholars, and the CFR.”
Franklin D. Roosevelt
A prominent member of the high-level Illuminati Roosevelt family, FDR is thought to have played a critical role in the staging and propaganda of World War II, which brought tremendous wealth and power to the cabal. Some believe his death during his fourth term was actually an Illuminati assassination because he opposed using the atomic bomb.

George H. W. Bush
The website NWOtoday describes the elder George Bush as “a self-proclaimed Globalist, is a member of the Bohemian Club, Skull and Bones, CFR, Trilateral Commission, and a 33rd Degree Mason.” He is also a former director of the CIA and has numerous oil company connections. It doesn’t get more Illuminati than that.
George W. Bush
A member of the powerful Bush political dynasty, Bush is thought to have been a high-ranking Illuminati member who played a key role in the September 11th false flag attack (false flag meaning a government's attack on its own country, which many believe was the case with 9/11) and the subsequent Patriot Act and war with Iraq. Bush also has numerous ties to big business, Wall Street, and oil companies.

Gerald Ford
Ford gained infamy for pardoning fellow Illuminati President Richard Nixon, who in turn had appointed him to be Vice President. NWOtoday describes the former president as “a member of the Bilderberg group, the Bohemian Club, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.”

Lyndon B. Johnson
Another Illuminati President, LBJ is thought to have played a critical role in the assassination of John F. Kennedy, working with the Mafia, the CIA, and possibly aliens to have JFK “taken out” in an Illuminati ritual sacrifice. He also participated in the deception regarding the Gulf of Tonkin false flag attack, which helped sell the Vietnam War to America.

Richard Nixon
Selected by the Illuminati to ramp up the Vietnam War, Nixon also signed legislation dividing the U.S. into ten federal districts for taxation purposes and appointed many cabal members to key government positions. It’s believed that the Illuminati later turned on him, resulting in the Watergate scandal.

Ronald Reagan
Another U.S. President suspected of being a powerful member of the Illuminati, Reagan was instrumental in supporting the military industrial complex through his acceleration of the Cold War, as well as invading several small countries and implanting microchips in American citizens.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 09:35:09 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/american-politicians-in-the-illuminati/mike-rothschild
<![CDATA[25 Behind the Scenes Photos of Children with World Leaders]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/children-and-world-leaders/rachel-green
The best way for politicians to tug at the heartstrings of their constituents is to make appearances with other people's happy, loving, and innocent children. Whether they're beloved world leaders or the most hated and feared rulers in the world, all of these politicians are hitting up the kids to earn some serious brownie points. 

Some of these children belong to the political leaders, and some are meeting them for the first time. Children are the future of our world, so what better way to instill your laws and beliefs than through the innocent minds of tomorrow? 
25 Behind the Scenes Photos of Children with World Leaders,

David Cameron Interrogates Children

Hitler with a Few Aryan Children

Hugo Chavez and Baby Chavezes

Dwight D. Eisenhower Shaking Children's Hands

Children Saluting Benito Mussolini

JFK Holds Caroline's Doll

Joseph Stalin with Tiny Sailors

Kim Il-Sung Celebrates Colorful Happiness

Fidel Castro and the Bearded Children

Boy Enjoying What President Obama Is Saying

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 07:44:20 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/children-and-world-leaders/rachel-green
<![CDATA[The Hottest Politicians You'd Definitely Vote For]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-hottest-politicians-you_d-definitely-vote-for/chris-abraham
Although they're powerful and help run the world, female politicians have historically never really been viewed as sexy. Thankfully, the ladies listed below are extreme exceptions, with beautiful looks that would never lead you to believe they work in government. These are the sexist politicians in the world, as voted on by the Ranker community.

Some of these government officials are so hot that they actually used to be models or showgirls, so don't be surprised if you fall in love while looking through this list. Vote up women you find irresistible, and downvote the ones whose looks wouldn't sway you in a real election.   
The Hottest Politicians You'd Definitely Vote For,

Alina Kabaeva
Alina Kabaeva is a Russian Olympic Gold Medal winner turned politician. As of 2005, Alina has been a member of the Public Chamber of Russia, but that doesn't mean she isn't still viewed as a sex symbol. In 2011, she was even featured on the cover of Vogue Russia, solidifying that she's definitely one of the sexiest politicians in the game. 
Eunice Olsen
How many politicians can say they were the winner of the Miss Singapore Universe pageant in 2000? Only one: Eunice Olsen. This beauty from Singapore was made a Nominated Member of Parliament in 2004, making her the youngest ever at age 27.
Eva Kaili
Born in 1978, Eva Kaili is considered to be one of the most loved politicians of the new generation of Greece. Her beautiful looks probably didn't hurt her in being elected to Greek Parliament either.
Julia Bonk
Julia Bonk is a German politician who is known for something unique. When she was elected to Lantag of Saxony, Bonk was only 18 years old, making her the youngest member of any parliament in German history. Who knows how hot she'll be when she's older, but for now, Julia is definitely someone you'd want to "bonk."
Luciana León
Luciana León is a politician from Peru who has been named one of the hottest politicians in the world. She also holds a law degree from the University of Lima, so don't think she's just another dumb blonde. 
Maria Rosaria Carfagna
It's hard to imagine Maria Carfagna wouldn't be on this list, considering she's a politician who used to be a showgirl and a model. After receiving a law degree and working a stint of modeling jobs, Carfagna finally entered politics in 2004 and instantly became one of the hottest politicians on the planet.
Orly Levy
Just like Italian politician Maria Carfagna, Orly Levy is a former model and television personality. The Israeli beauty became a member of the Knesset for Likud Yisrael Beiteiu in 2009, when she was only 45 years old.
Elizabeth Halseth
Elizabeth is a former Republican Politician from Nevada who is the youngest woman to ever be elected to the Nevada Legislature. Who knew politicians could be so young and sexy?
Nikita Klæstrup

Angela Gerekou
Angela Gerekou is Greece’s Deputy Minister for Culture, and she's probably way sexier than your local elected government official.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 10:24:33 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-hottest-politicians-you_d-definitely-vote-for/chris-abraham
<![CDATA[50+ American Politicians of Irish Descent]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/american-politicians-of-irish-descent/celebrity-lists
This list of famous politicians of Irish descent ranked by fame and popularity. Many famous politicians are of Irish descent. Some of them have a mixed heritage while others are 100 percent Irish. Men and women of Irish descent have had successful careers as senators, congressmen and mayors. Several former Presidents of the United States are of Irish ancestry.

Who is the most famous politician of Irish descent? Barack Obama tops this list. His mother is of primarily English descent, but she is also of Scottish, Irish, German, Welsh, Swiss-German and French ancestry. His father was Kenyan. His Vice President Joe Biden is of Irish, English and French descent.

Many former presidents are also of Irish heritage. John F. Kennedy was of Irish descent. All four of his grandparents were the children of Irish immigrants. Bill Clinton is of English, Scots-Irish and Irish descent. George W. Bush is of English, German, Dutch, Welsh, Irish, French, and Scottish descent. 

How do you celebrate the multi-cultural aspects of your heritage? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
50+ American Politicians of Irish Descent,

Barack Obama
President Barack Obama's mother is of primarily English descent, but she is also of Scottish, Irish, German, Welsh, Swiss-German and French ancestry. His father was Kenyan.
Bill Clinton
Former President Bill Clinton is of English, Scots-Irish, and Irish descent.
George H. W. Bush
Former President George H.W. Bush is of English, German, Scottish, Dutch, Swedish, Belgian, Irish, Welsh, and French descent.
George W. Bush
Former President George W. Bush is of English, German, Dutch, Welsh, Irish, French, and Scottish descent.
Jimmy Carter
Former President Jimmy Carter is of Scots-Irish and English descent.
John F. Kennedy
Former President John F. Kennedy was of Irish descent. All four of his grandparents were the children of Irish immigrants.
Richard Nixon
Former President Richard Nixon's father was Scotch-Irish.
Robert F. Kennedy
Former Senator Robert F. Kennedy was of Irish descent. All four of his grandparents were the children of Irish immigrants. He was the younger brother of former President John F. Kennedy.

Ronald Reagan
Former President Ronald Reagan's mother was of Scottish and English descent. His father was Irish.
Sarah Palin
Former Alaskan Governor and Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin is of English, Irish, and German descent.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 02:58:02 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/american-politicians-of-irish-descent/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[The Best Political Biopics]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-political-biopics/ranker-film

There are many biopics that look at the lives of politicians and other political figures. But what are the best political biopic movies? This list includes titles such as All the President’s Men, The King’s Speech, Charlie Wilson’s War, and The Queen. The films on this list have been ranked by men and women as the best political biopics.

Movies have the ability to make us feel. They make us want to believe, be inspired, and live vicariously through the stories we see on screen. It is for this reason we often feel an emotional connection to films. Politics affects our lives in a variety of ways, so it is natural that filmmakers are drawn to stories about the lives of those who run the world.

Political biopics have told the story of Queen Elizabeth, John Kennedy, Bill Clinton, and George Patton and with a peek into the lives of these individuals, we can hopefully understand their motives, and thus their politics, all that much better. These movies vary in their genre but they are all equally fascinating.

Vote up the greatest political biopic movies ever made below or add one you think is great that isn't already on the list.

The Best Political Biopics,

Harvey Milk
All the President's Men
Woodward and Bernstein
Adolf Hitler
Richard Nixon
mahatma gandhi
Malcolm X
Malcolm X
George S. Patton
The Last King of Scotland

The King's Speech
 King George VI

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 08:34:54 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-political-biopics/ranker-film
<![CDATA[The Most Important Leaders in U.S. History]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-important-leaders-in-us-history/mel-judson
List of the most important leaders in U.S. history. Love 'em or hate 'em, these leaders shaped American history from its founding through today. Men and women who have truly defined America through their work and leadership, even if it did not mean serving political office, are ranked here on this master list of leaders. Pioneers who changed the landscape, from the Civil Rights Movement, to Women's Suffrage, to the atom bomb, appear on this list of American leaders who changed the world.

The most important American presidents are ranked here, like Harry S. Truman and George Washington to name a few, along with First Ladies like Eleanor Roosevelt. Industry leaders like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller cannot be overlooked, nor can leaders who were not in the U.S. government itself, such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Susan B. Anthony.

Leadership takes many forms throughout American history, and famous American leaders pervade all of history, but this list gives props to those who were the most influential. Vote up the most important U.S. leaders below, or if the United States is too small for you, make sure to peruse this list of The Most Important Leaders in World History.

The Most Important Leaders in U.S. History,

Abraham Lincoln

Benjamin Franklin

Donald Trump

Eleanor Roosevelt

George Washington

James Madison

John Hancock

Patrick Henry

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Paine

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 13:38:34 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/most-important-leaders-in-us-history/mel-judson
<![CDATA[The Best Movies About Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-movies-about-presidents/ranker-film
The highest ranking American is the President. We absolutely love hearing stories from behind the scenes about events that happened in the White House and get a thrill out of the controversies that have surrounded the government. It makes perfect sense that so many movies involve stories about our greatest Presidents and the Oval Office in one way or another. What are the best movies about presidents? Vote up the best films below and see where your favorite presidential films rank!
The movies on this list have been ranked as the best that tell a presidential story, whether the film focuses on a heroic aspect of a presidency or President, discusses the assassination of a President, or takes a completely fictional approach to the White House. There are many different stories that have been told in film about the office of the president and this list has the best of the best.
This list has the best movies about Presidents including, Independence Day, Nixon, The American President, Lincoln, White House Down, Olympus Has Fallen, Amistad, The Butler, Death of a President, and Air Force One. Vote up the best presidential films below or add one you love that isn't already on the list.
The Best Movies About Presidents,

Air Force One

All the President's Men



Independence Day



The American President

Thirteen Days


Fri, 14 Mar 2014 12:14:24 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-movies-about-presidents/ranker-film
<![CDATA[The Greatest Fictional Presidents]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-fictional-presidents/ranker-characters
A list of the greatest fictional presidents. Browse through this list of the greatest fictional presidents to see those characters who served their country well. These presidents are ranked by the community in order from most popular fictional presidents to the least popular.

If you don’t agree with the rankings below, vote up the presidents that you think were the greatest, and see them rise on the list. If you don’t see the great fictional president you love on the list, go ahead and add him or her below. Some presidents are strong leaders and really help their people and country, while other presidents are so horrible that they don’t need to be doing any sort of leading. 

The great presidential leaders are the ones that you will find on this list. Cast your votes below - there's no electoral college to get in the way in this election!
The Greatest Fictional Presidents,

David Palmer

Josiah Bartlet

President Tom Beck

President Thomas J. Whitmore

President Matt Douglas

Andrew Shepherd

President James Marshall

Francis Underwood

Dave Kovic

Tom Kirkman

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 16:17:24 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-fictional-presidents/ranker-characters
<![CDATA[Which Ex-Presidents Would You Want to Go on a Bender With?]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hard-drinking-ex-presidents/elise
Did you know that some of the former presidents of the U.S. were huge drinkers and recreational drug users? Huge! Granted, most people in the country were pretty hard drinkers in the 19th century (Got a toothache? Whisky! Depressed? Gin! Starting your day? Cider!) But even in the context of their own time periods, these ex-presidents loved to party.

Here is the question: which one would you most want to go on a bender with?! Think hard! This is totally serious and important.  

Urban dictionary defines a bender as "the status of being bent for more than a day. Usually results in loss of memory, money, strange tattoos, and other things you'll have a hell of a time explaining." So, not just a couple of beers at a bar, but a full-on blackout fest. Which former president would you bring with you? WHICH ONE?!

Odds are, you don't know the personal story of each former US president. That's okay. Context has been provided as well as the pros and cons to consider before you make your choice. So grab a glass of whiskey to sip on, pull up a chair, and rank these ex-presies. If you're drinking already and feeling bold, rerank this list and put it in your own order. 

Which Ex-Presidents Would You Want to Go on a Bender With?,

Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur was a snobby, by-many-accounts-lazy New Yorker who loved to party. According to fellow ex-pres Rutherford B. Hayes, Arthur's presidency was marred by "liquor, snobbery and worse." Rutherford sounds like a buzzkill. 

Arthur consistently slept-in past ten, wore "dandyish outfits," indulged in 12-course meals on the reg and refused any type of physical exertion. Rather than walk to places, say, down the street, he took a fancy carriage everywhere. And he drank himself silly on this fancy carriage. 

- Arthur pretty much invented the very first party bus: The Party Carriage. You know they were getting cray in there!
- 12-course meals = perfect start/end to a bender. 

- The whole snob thing could get old.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
A couple important facts to know about FDR, one of America's greatest Presidents.

1. He repealed Prohibition, and it wasn't easy. The temperance movement had gained steam, and illegal bootleggers were more than happy for alcohol to continue to be illegal. Source

2.  He could make a damn good martini. 

- That martini, though.
- FDR loved boating: sailboats, houseboats... party boats?
- Most people know that FDR was wheelchair bound for many years of his life. You think they make a wheelchair-bound ex-president wait in line at the club?!
- He maintained tight control over his image, which is why wheelchair pics are hard to come by. Sounds like a bit of a control freak. 

Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce was (another) well-known drunk. He was vocal about it, too. Apparently, when his term of presidency was over he said, "There is nothing left… but to get drunk." ...kind of sad, but also just the attitude you need for a partner in crime. Commitment! 

- Fact: Franklin Pierce had the best hair of any president. He had total swagger. 
- He has the party ethic of a hard drinker. 

- He eventually died of cirrhosis of the liver. Sort of takes the fun out of it. 
- Pierce could be moody. Sad and moody. 
George W. Bush
Dubya is (allegedly) sober now, but he partied hard in his 20s and 30s. Jokes aside, this guy actually went on benders back in the day: DUIs, drunken stealing sprees, alleged cocaine use, the real deal. If you can ignore your opinion of the guy as a politician (or not, if you're a fan) then Georgie would probably show you an honest to goodness great time. 
- George W. is funny. Especially when he is trying to sound smart! Everyone has a favorite Bushism. "I know how hard it is for you to put food on your family," is a good one. Imagine the laughs!

- For essentially being political royalty, he sure gets caught a lot for doing stupid things. (He's been arrested 3 times!) You do not want to get arrested on your imaginary bender. 

Grover Cleveland
With nicknames like "Big Steve" and "Uncle Jumbo," Grover Cleveland sounds like a natural drinking buddy. Fun fact: At one point during his 1870 campaign for district attorney of Erie County, New York, Cleveland and his rival agreed to drink only four glasses of beer per day -- only to later decide it was too restrictive an amount. 

- Grover was a huge cigar smoker. And being the president and all, he could probably supply very nice ones. 
- He married his best friend's daughter: a woman 30 years younger than him. So, that's sort of creepy.   
- He had a weird gout problem in his feet, causing him to limp for many years. This could unfortunately result in a literal pub crawl.
James Buchanan
James Buchanan was a wealthy bachelor with a taste for the finer things in life.  He was also a heavy drinker. He reportedly could drink several bottles of alcohol in the course of an evening and could hold his liquor well. It's also been said that he was our first gay president

- His money could come in handy: buying substances, making bail, picking up hookers. 
- Bachelor life = pretty relaxed responsibilities at home 
- Like many other presidents, he suffered from chronic depression.

John Adams
Think John Adams was a square just because he wore a powdered wig and was super into the Continental Congress? You'd be wrong! Dude loved to drink.

In fact, it's fairly common knowledge that the Founding Father and second POTUS drank a large tankard of hard cider every morning for breakfast.

- He could tell you what a "tankard" is.
- Drinking at breakfast = no hangovers!
- He started drinking at age 15, so you know he can handle his ish.
- He'd have the ciggies. John Adams started smoking at age 8 and continued until he died... when he was 90.

- The Former Prez stated that the reason why he drank in the morning was that it helped relieve his gas...TMI, buddy. 
- Like most of our Founding Fathers, he could be a bit verbose. So unless you have patience for that, it probably counts as a notch against him. 

John F. Kennedy
JFK wasn't exactly a notorious drunk, but he did have some hobbies that would make him a respectable bender-partner. According to many reports, he was a sex fiend. Famous starlets, staffers, strippers, whatevs. Some associates also say that John F. Kennedy enjoyed recreational LSD and loved to smoke cigars. Compound that with the fact that JFK was easily our most suave and handsome ex-pres, and you've got yourself a formidable contestant. 

- JFK was an idealist. You'd want that kind of positive energy around you. 
- He also had an "iron will" and could help you keep your bender on track.
- You may get to meet Jackie O at the end of it all.  
- His promiscuity could somehow be a liability.
Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant was a known alcoholic, a binge drinker. Some reports mention a personal barrel of whiskey that he'd sip from all day during the Civil War. He won that one. 

Here's the thing: Grant's drinking problem made him an awesome leader on the battlefield. He was fearless, uninhibited, commanding. Grant was pretty much a failure in all other aspects of life, but give him an army to command and a glass of whiskey to sip on, and he'll make you proud!
- He's a war hero. Somebody's gotta buy you a round of drinks for that.
- War stories. Literally. 

- Being a short man, Grant was known to have the lightweight tolerance of a teenager.   
- Going on a bender with someone who actually has a drinking problem is always kind of sad.

William Howard Taft
Taft was a hell of a guy. He didn't drink himself, but he loved to push liquor on all of his dinner guests. Taft was also famously obese (330 lbs) and narcoleptic. So there's that. 

- If you could get him to have a few drinks, his tolerance would probably be sky high. 
- He was a member of the secret society Skull and Bones. Access. 
- No drinking = designated driver. If he could fit in the driver's seat. (sorry)
- His narcolepsy could be a liability. You don't want a limp body that you can't lift on your hands. 

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 02:44:45 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/hard-drinking-ex-presidents/elise
<![CDATA[The 9 U.S. Presidents Who Weren't Elected]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-presidents-who-werent-elected/carly-kiel

All nine of the US Presidents who became President without having been elected President. This list features four Vice Presidents who were sworn in after their Commanders in Chief were assassinated, four who were inaugurated after their Presidents died of illness, and one who became President because of two resignations. If you ever wanted to know which man was never elected President of the United States, this list is for you.  

Can you name all the Presidents who weren't elected? This isn't to say that these guys were never elected - in fact, several of them followed up their short terms with full second terms. More commonly, however, Vice Presidents who assumed the Oval Office (well, the ones after it was built in 1909) were met with contention within their own party, not to mention political opponents. Read these interesting facts, and share them with your friends tonight. You will be the life of the party.

The 9 U.S. Presidents Who Weren't Elected,

Andrew Johnson
17th President, inaugurated April 15, 1865 - Vice President to Abraham Lincoln, who was assassinated one month into his second term. In 1868, amidst the high tension of the Radical Reconstruction of the South, Johnson became the first ever US President to be impeached. He was eventually acquitted of all charges and sought the Democratic nomination for the 1868 election, but received only four votes, all from his home state of Tennessee.
Calvin Coolidge
30th President, inaugurated August 2, 1923 - Vice President to Warren G. Harding, who died following a respiratory illness after two years and four months in office. When his first term was up, Coolidge easily won the 1924 Election, securing every state outside of the South except for Wisconsin.
Chester A. Arthur
21st President, inaugurated September 19, 1881 - Vice President of James Garfield, who was assassinated after six months in office. Though he considered running for a full term in the 1884 Election, Arthur ran only a lackluster campaign due to limited support and his ailing health.
Gerald Ford
38th President, inaugurated August 9, 1974 - Vice President to Richard Nixon, who resigned the office one year and seven months into his second term. Notably, Ford, then the House Minority Leader, was chosen as VP by Senate after the resignation of Spiro Agnew, who pleaded no contest to tax evasion in October 1973. To date, Ford remains the only person to assume the roles of both President and Vice President without having been elected by the electoral college.
Harry S. Truman
33rd President, inaugurated April 12, 1945 - Vice President to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who died after 12 years in office, three months into his fourth term. Though Truman's public approval was only 36% at the beginning of 1948, he won the Election that year with 303 electoral votes (over Thomas E. Dewey's 189), securing a second term.
John Tyler
10th President, inaugurated April 4, 1841 - Vice President to William Henry Harrison, who died of complications from pneumonia on his 32nd day in office. The first ever non-elected President, Tyler's opponents regularly called him "His Accidency" and addressed correspondences to him as "Vice President" or "Acting President" (letters which he returned unopened). When his term ended in 1845, he did not run for reelection. 
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th President, inaugurated November 22, 1963 - Vice President to John F. Kennedy, who was assassinated after two years and 10 months in office. In the 1964 Election, Johnson won a second term by defeating GOP candidate Barry Goldwater in a landslide, with 486 electoral votes to his 52. 
Millard Fillmore
13th President, inaugurated July 9, 1850 - Vice President to Zachary Taylor, who died of intestinal illness one year and four months into his term. Though he wanted to run for reelection, Fillmore lost the Whig Party's nomination to General Winfield Scott - who then lost the 1852 Election to Democrat Franklin Pierce.
Theodore Roosevelt

26th President, inaugurated September 14, 1901 - Vice President of William McKinley, who was assassinated six months into his second term. Considered one of the best US Presidents of all time, Roosevelt easily won a second term in a landslide victory during the 1904 Election. He also had the support of the public during the 1912 primary, but lost the nomination to William Howard Taft, the favorite of GOP party leaders.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 03:21:01 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-presidents-who-werent-elected/carly-kiel
<![CDATA[15 Openly Gay US Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/openly-gay-us-politicians/ranker-news
List of Openly Gay US Politicians, loosely ranked by fame and popularity. While a 2013 Gallup Poll revealed that the majority of Americans support gay marriage, the topic is still very controversial in the United States Congress. Several politicians are openly gay, and these trail blazers are pushing gay rights forward in the United States.

Who is the most famous U.S. politician who is openly gay? Tammy Baldwin tops our list. The Wisconsin Senator made headlines when she became the first openly gay person to be elected to the United States Senate in January of 2013. She previously served in the House of Representatives for 14 years. Kyrsten Sinema, an Arizona Congresswomen, is openly bisexual.

Perhaps the most outspoken openly gay U.S. politician is Barney Frank. The Massachusetts Congressman has been in office since 1981. In 1987, he became the first U.S. politician to voluntarily come out as gay. In 2012, Frank married his longtime partner James Ready in Boston. Other openly gay men who served in congress include Jim Kolbe, Sean Patrick Maloney, and Jared Polis.

Are you surprised by the number of openly gay U.S. politicians? Did you think there would be more or fewer senators? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
15 Openly Gay US Politicians,

Barney Frank
Massachusetts congressman Barney Frank is the most outspoken gay politician in the U.S. In 2012, Frank married his longtime partner James Ready in Boston.
Gerry Studds
Gerry Studds was the first openly gay member of Congress, though he was outed after a 1983 scandal wherein he had a relationship with a 17 year-old male congressional page.  He married his long-time partner Dean T. Hara on May 24, 2004, in Boston.
Jared Polis
Colorado Congressman Jared Polis is openly gay.  He is the primary sponsor of the Student Non-Discrimination Act, which hopes to end sexual discrimination of children and teens in school.
Jim Kolbe
Arizona Congressman Jim Kolbe, came out as gay in 1996.  He became the first gay person to ever speak at the Republican National Convention in 2000.

Mark Foley
Florida Congressman Mark Foley was outed in 2006, after he was accused of sending sexual explicit messages to underage males. 

Mark Pocan
Wisconsin Congressman Mark Pocan is openly gay.  He married his longtime partner on November 24, 2006 in Toronto.
Mike Michaud
Maine Congressman Mike Michaud came out as gay in 2013.  He is the first openly gay Congressman from Maine.

Steve Gunderson
Wisconsin Congressman Steve Gunderson was outed during a congressional debate in 1994.  Although he is a republican, Gunderson has been an outspoken supporter of same-sex marriage.

Tammy Baldwin
Wisconsin Senator Tammy Baldwin was the first openly lesbian member of the Wisconsin Assembly when she was elected in 1993. In 1999, she became the first openly gay person elected to the House of Representatives. 

Kyrsten Sinema
Arizona Congresswomen Kyrsten Sinema is openly bisexual, although she is reported to dislike labels of any kind. She is a strong supporter of the Dream Act, which would provide residency to qualifying immigrants.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 10:05:03 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/openly-gay-us-politicians/ranker-news
<![CDATA[26 Professional Athletes Who Went Into Politics]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/professional-athletes-who-went-into-politics/celebrity-lists
List of Professional Athletes Who Went Into Politics Ranked by Fame and Popularity. It seems that many athletes have opinions about politics. Some professional athletes have made the successful transition to become politicians later in life, after they retired from the game. Some athletes focus on local governments, while others are elected to national offices.

Who is the most famous professional athlete who went into politics? Arnold Schwarzenegger tops our list. Schwarzenegger held the professional body building title of Mr. Universe from 1968-1970 and the title of Mr. Olympia from 1970-1980. He also has had a successful career as a politician serving as the Governor of California from 2003-2011. On top of all that, Schwarzenegger starred in hit movies like “Terminator” and “The Running Man.”

Several NBA players have also went into politics. Kevin Johnson played basketball in the NBA, from 1987-2000, for the Cleveland Cavaliers and Phoenix Suns. He is the current Mayor of Sacramento, a position he has held since 2008. Bill Bradley played basketball in the NBA from 1967-1977 for the New York Knicks. He also served as a United States Senator from 1979-1997, representing New Jersey.

Why do you think so many athletes go into politics? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
26 Professional Athletes Who Went Into Politics,

Alan Page
Alan Page played football in the NFL from 1967-1981 for the Minnesota Vikings and Chicago Bears. He is currently as Associate Justice on the Minnesota Supreme Court, a position he has held since 1993.
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger held the professional bodybuilding title of Mr. Universe from 1968-1970 and the title of Mr. Olympia from 1970-1980. He also has had a successful career as a politician serving as the Governor of California from 2003-2011.
Charles Barkley
Charles Barkley played in the NBA for the Philadelphia 76ers, Phoenix Suns and Houston Rockets. He is a member of the Republican party and he has announced his intentions to run for the Governor of Alabama in 1995 and again in 2008. Both times, Barkley promoted the campaigns for years before ultimately deciding not to run. More recently, he has suggested that he will run for Governor in 2014. Let's watch...
Heath Shuler
Heath Shuler played football in the NFL from 1994-1998 for the Washington Redskins, New Orleans Saints and Oakland Raiders. He also served in the United States House of Representatives from 2007-2013, representing North Carolina.
Jack Kemp
Jack Kemp was a professional Quarterback playing for the Pittsburgh Steelers, Calgary Stampeders, L.A./San Diego Chargers and Buffalo Bills. He also served in the United States House of Representatives, representing New York from 1971-1989.
J.C. Watts
J.C. Watts played professional football in the Canadian Football League for the Ottawa Rough Riders and the Toronto Argonauts. He was also a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Oklahoma, from 1995-2003.
Jesse Ventura
Jesse "The Body" Ventura had a successful professional wrestling career and he is a member of the WWE Hall of Fame.  He served as the governor of Minnesota from 1999-2003.
Kevin Johnson
Kevin Johnson played basketball in the NBA, from 1987-2000, for the Cleveland Cavaliers and Phoenix Suns. He is the current Mayor of Sacramento, a position he has held since 2008.
Magglio Ordóñez
Magglio Ordonez played baseball in the MLB from 1997-2011 for the Chicago White Sox and Detroit Tigers. In 2013, he announced that he will be running for mayor in Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela.
Tom Osborne
Tom Osborne played football in the NFL from 1959-1961 for the San Francisco 49ers and Washington Redskins. He also served in the United States House of Representatives from 2001-2007, representing Nebraska.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 02:54:41 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/professional-athletes-who-went-into-politics/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[28 Actors Who Went Into Politics]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/actors-who-went-into-politics/celebrity-lists
List of Actors Who Went Into Politics Ranked by Fame and Popularity. It seems that every actor has an opinion about politics. Several actors actually made the transition to become politicians later in life, while others started their careers in politics. Some actors focused on local governments, while others were elected to national offices. This list includes actors who recently threw in their hat and ran for office, as well as many who got elected.

Who is the most famous actor who went into politics? Ronald Reagan tops our list. To date, Reagan is the only former-actor to make it all the way to the office of the President of the United States, which he held from 1981-1989. Ronald Reagan starred in films such as "Kings Row" and "Bedtime for Bonzo," before entering into politics. He served as the Governor of California from 1967-1975. Arnold Schwarzenegger, best known for playing the title role in “Terminator,” was also the Governor of California from 2003-2011.

Some actors who are also politicians focused on their local governments. Clint Eastwood has directed and starred in Oscar Winning films like "Unforgiven" and "Million Dollar Baby." He served as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, California from 1986-1988. He also served on the California State Park and Recreation Commission and he spoke at the 2012 National Republican Convention.

Why do you think so many actors go into politics? Share your thoughts in the comments section.
28 Actors Who Went Into Politics,

Al Franken
Al Franken spent time as a writer and cast member of "Saturday Night Live" and he appeared in films like "When a Man Loves a Woman" and "Stuart Saves His Family."  He is currently serving as a United States Senator for the state of Minnesota.

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger is well-known for appearing in films like "Kindergarten Cop" and "Terminator."  He also has had a successful career as a politician serving as the Governor of California from 2003-2011.

Ben Stein
Ben Stein played the teacher in "Ferris Bueller's Day Off" that utter the famous line, "Bueller? Bueller?" He also was a speech writer for Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood has directed and starred in Oscar Winning films like "Unforgiven" and "Million Dollar Baby."  He served as mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, CA, from 1986-1988. He also served on the California State Park and Recreation Commission, and he spoke at the 2012 National Republican Convention.
Jesse Ventura
Jesse "The Body" Ventura is well known for his experience with professional wrestling as well as his appearances in films like "Predator" and "The Running Man."  He served as the governor of Minnesota from 1999-2003. 

Kal Penn
Kal Penn is best known on screen for his pot-smoking character Kumar in the "Harold & Kumar Go To White Castle" series.  Off screen, he served as Associate Director of the White House Office of Public Engagement under Barack Obama.
Melissa Gilbert
In 2015, Little House on the Prairie actress Melissa Gilbert announced she would run for a congressional seat in Michigan's 8th district. The former child actress and her husband, fellow actor Timothy Busfield, live 60 miles from Detroit in a town called Howell. Although she had no prior political experience, Gilbert did serve two terms as president of the Screen Actors Guild. Gilbert, a Democrat running in a Republican stronghold, said in a statement about her campaign: "I believe building a new economy is a team effort, and we need to bring fresh voices to the table to get the job done. Please join my campaign, and together we can build that new economy for Michigan."

Source: Huffington Post

Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan starred in films such as "Knute Rockne, All American" and "Bedtime for Bonzo" and was president of the Screen Actors Guild before entering into politics.  Reagan was the Governor of California from 1967-1975 and the President of the United States from 1981-1989.

Shirley Temple
As a child star, Shirley Temple appeared in films such as "The Little Princess" and "Bright Eyes." Though she retired from acting at age 22, she ran for the United States House of Representatives in 1967. She also served the US Ambassador to Ghana from 1974-1976 and as the US Ambassador to Czechoslovakia from 1989-1992.
Steven Michael Quezada
Breaking Bad actor Steven Michael Quezada is running for county commissioner of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the same city where he, as DEA Agent Steve Gomez, fought the good fight against drug lords and meth heads in AMC's acclaimed series. Announced on July 21, 2015, the actor, comedian, and community activist, will be running as a Democratic candidate.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 02:53:15 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/actors-who-went-into-politics/celebrity-lists
<![CDATA[9 Conservative Politicians with Gay Kids]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/conservative-politicians-with-gay-kids/ranker-news

When you have a child, it’s your job as a parent to love and support you child no matter what. Many parents struggle with the revelation that their child is gay, partially because of misguided traditional views or because it’s tough to see your kid face prejudice. Nobody seemingly has a tougher time accepting their gay children than conservative politicians.Politicians with conservative views have often put their opinions about gay marriage and other gay rights out in the open. Republican constituents often voted based on these views. So when a child comes out of the closet, many conservative politicians see a change in opinion as potentially harmful to their political career.


Many of the politicians on this list have voted to take rights away from their own children by voting for legislation like the Defense of Marriage Act and condemning civil unions. Very few of the politicians on this list changed their minds about the traditionalist views they’d been spreading after their children came out of the closet. Many of the gay children of these politicians have become political activists themselves, fighting against the hate their parents have supported.


What conservative politicians have gay children? This list features the supposed-family values politicians with children who are out and proud. 

9 Conservative Politicians with Gay Kids,

Alan Keyes
Alan Keyes is a well-known conservative politician and UN Ambassador who once made headline news when suing Barack Obama in order to challenge his citizenship. He has long since condemned homosexuality, despite having a lesbian daughter, Maya Jean Marcel-Keyes. Marcel-Keyes is now an LGBT advocate.
Barry Goldwater
Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater once had the nickname "Mr. Conservative." His grandson Ty Ross came out as gay, but that didn't change Goldwater's opinions a bit. Ross, however, said his grandfather had no problem meeting his boyfriends.
Dick Cheney
Vice President Dick Cheney has long since been known as a major voice for conservative views. His daughter Mary Cheney is an out and proud lesbian who is married to her partner, Heather Poe. Mary has worked for her father's conservative campaigns for years.
Matt Salmon
Republican Arizona Senator Matt Salmon had long since held his conservative views, including anti-gay legislation that would ban same sex marriage and gay adoption rights. Matt R. Salmon, his son, came out as gay in 2010, with plans to make the Republican party more progressive. Good luck with that!        
Phyllis Schlafly
Conservative political activist, Phyllis Schlafly made her opinions on gay people apparent to the whole world. She opposed the Equally Rights Amendment and many marriage equality platforms, although her son John Schlafly came out as gay in 1992. Schlafly even went as far as to say that her son supported her in everything she does. Guess it doesn't go both ways. 
Rob Portman
Ohio Senator Rob Portman had been a long time opponent of gay marriage. However, once his son Will Portman came out as gay, the Senator changed his position. Unfortunately, the revelation wasn't enough for him to fight for gay marriage, simply not to oppose it any longer.
Sonny Bono
Sono Bono, the former pop singer and Republican mayor of Palm Springs, was supportive of his daughter, Chaz Bono, who has since come out as transgender. However, Bono still voted for the Defense of Marriage Act, which stripped rights from gay people.
Marsha Looper
Colorado Representative Marsha Looper accidentally outed her son when her campaign manager sent an email praising her for voting against civil-unions despite having a gay son. The episode upset Looper, whose son never wanted to be outed in public.
Don Coram
Colorado Representative Don Coram greatly disappointed his son, Dee Coram, when he voted against Colorado's civil unions bill. Despite Coram claiming to be proud of his gay son, he said he couldn't bring himself to go against the will of her conservative voters.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:21:36 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/conservative-politicians-with-gay-kids/ranker-news
<![CDATA[14 Family Values Politicians with Illegitimate Children]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/family-values-politicians-with-illegitimate-children/ranker-news

Most politicians claim to hold strong opinions about the ole of family values in politics. Often politicians will parade their childrenand spouse out in front of the cameras during campaigns and hundreds ofinterviews, just to prove that they are part of loving families. Some of themore conservative politicians even go as far as to say that same-sex marriage isout to destroy their own marriages and therefore support laws that ban gay marriage.A few politicians have even publicly condemned their political peers for theiraffairs before being exposed as hypocrites. Whether they talk up theirconservative opinions about marriage or pretend to be part of perfect families,these politicians are proved to be liars when their own extramarital affair andsecret-love child scandals are revealed.


Politicians like Arnold Schwarzenegger and John Edwards hadno issue putting on a front of being strong, loving family men, before news oftheir long standing affairs were revealed. Other politicians like Carl Paladinoand Vito Fossella had no problem denouncing gay marriage as a threat tomarriage, while hiding their illegitimate children behind closed doors. Evenmany of America’s founding fathers proved to be philanderers when news of theirillegitimate children broke.


Which conservative politicians have illegitimate children?This list features men who have put on a fake front about their belief infamily values while hiding their mistress’s children from view.  

14 Family Values Politicians with Illegitimate Children,

Albert II, Prince of Monaco
You'd think that one love-child rumor would be bad for somebody's career, but two? Prince Albert of Monoco allegedly has one child with a California waitress (Jazmin Grace, b. 1992) and one with a flight attendant from Togo (Alexandre Coste, b. 2005) with whom he had affairs. He married for the first time in 2011. 
Arnold Schwarzenegger
When Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and wife Maria Shriver announced their split, the political and entertainment world was stunned as they seemed like the perfect power couple. However, when news broke of his longtime affair with the family housekeeper, Patty Baena, things made more sense. Even more scandalous was the revelation that Schwarzenegger also had a 13 year old illegitimate son. 
Dan Burton
Indiana Representative Dan Burton made himself the moral authority when Bill Clinton's affair was brought to light in 1995, claiming that it was unethical. However, just three years later, Burton's own affair with a state employee was revealed, as was his illegitimate son born in 1983. The wife he had cheated on had died of breast cancer in 1993, before the scandal was revealed.
Jesse Jackson
Reverend Jesse Jackson has always made his opinions about family values and political activism known loudly. However, he probably didn't want the news getting out that he cheated on his wife of 40 years and mother of 5 children. His mistress, staffer Karin Stanford, had his daughter Ashley in 1999.
John Edwards
Although his beloved wife Elizabeth and mother of their 4 children was fighting terminal cancer, Presidential-hopeful John Edwards had an affair with the woman who was documenting his campaign. The mistress, Rielle Hunter, then bore his daughter Frances in 2008. After he admitted to the affair in 2010, Edwards became a national joke, his name synonymous with dirt. It didn't help that he also had his assistant publicly proclaim to be Edwards' daughter's father.
Peter R. Orszag
White House Budget Director Peter Orszag was always an instrumental economist, earning praise for his intelligence. But he lost a bit of that respect when news came out about his love child with Claire Milonas, an heiress to a shipping magnate, while engaged to another woman. 
Strom Thurmond
Best known for being a bigot who was crazy about segregation, Strom Thurmond was a Senator who was all about his supposed moral values. However, after his death, his bi-racial daughter Essie Mae Washington-Williams came to the press to announce that she had been born via his family's black maid 78 years before. Then it was clear that Thurmond had been a hypocrite as well as a racist.
Thomas Jefferson
President Thomas Jefferson's political legacy may have helped shape the United States, but his affair with his slave Sally Hemings is one legacy that won't be forgotten. DNA evidence had proven him to at least be the father of her youngest son, Eston. However historians argue that he may have fathered six more children with Hemings. 
Vito Fossella
Vito Fossella voted for both the Marriage Protection Act and Federal Marriage Amendment, which would ban same-sex marriage. He is widely known as one of the most conservative politicians, but not conservative enough - in practice, anyway - to stay faithful to his wife Mary and not father a child, Natalie, with his mistress Laura Fay in 2005. 
Warren G. Harding
Serial philanderer President Warren Harding allegedly had several extramarital affairs. His senatorial aide and mistress Nan Britton wrote a tell-all book about their affair called The President's Daughter in which she revealed that he fathered their daughter Elizabeth in 1919.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:21:20 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/family-values-politicians-with-illegitimate-children/ranker-news
<![CDATA[24 Family Values Politicians Caught Having Affairs]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/family-values-politicians-caught-having-affairs/ranker-news

List of family values politicians who have been caught having affairs. Politicians often run their successful campaigns on the idea of family values. Some strut their perfect looking families in front of the cameras to prove how important traditional families are to them. Other politicians push forward legislation to ban same sex marriage because of their so-called family first views. However, more often than not those politicians who are the loudest about their traditional family views are the ones who are caught with their pants down, so to speak. Their opinions on family values are proved hypocritical their affairs are revealed.


The politicians on this list had very public affairs,despite their traditional family views. Many of these politicians hold the highest level of office, from the President of the United States to the Prime Minister of Ireland. Other politicians hold lawmaker positions and use their influence to take away the rights of same-sex families. Political influence makes the news of many of these affairs controversial because of the possible abuse of power.


What family values politicians have had extramarital affairs? This list features politicians of different levels of powers whose hypocritical views make them prime targets for ridicule.

24 Family Values Politicians Caught Having Affairs,

Antonio Villaraigosa
Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa was named one of the country's 25 most influential Latinos and was often a respected opinion in many of the country's most important issues. But he lost a bit of that respect when he admitted to cheating on his wife with Telemundo newscaster Mirthala Salinas.
Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton had no problem strutting out his wife and daughter during his campaign to become the President of the United States to prove he was a loyal family man. However, he broke that loyalty when his public affair with Monica Lewinsky made headline news.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
President Dwight D. Eisenhower allegedly had an extramarital affair with his secretary Kay Summersby. Her book Past Forgetting: My Love Affair with Dwight D. Eisenhower was ghostwritten while she was dying of cancer and Eisenhower had already passed, so many don't believe that the affair really happened.
Gavin Newsom
Lieutenant Governor of California and former Mayor of San Francisco Gavin Newsom won over voters with his compassionate stance on the homelessness issue and gay marriage. His popularity took a nose dive when it was revealed that he had an affair with his friend and colleague's wife.
Jim McGreevey
Although New Jersey Governor Jim McGreevey was married for seven years to Dina Matos, in 2004 he held a press conference admitted to an affair with another man. 3 years later he filed for divorce.
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy was yet another President whose gorgeous family made look like a relatable family man, but he was also alleged to have multiple affairs. One of his alleged affairs was with movie star Marilyn Monroe.
Kwame Kilpatrick
Michigan state Representative and Mayor of Detroit Kwame Kilpatrick may have become a joke for his affair with his former aide, Christine Beatty, but that was the least of his troubles. A few years later he was convicted of multiple corruption charges and ended up with a 28 year prison sentence.
Lyndon B. Johnson
If there's something President Lyndon B Johnson should have learned, it's that if you're going to have a secret affair, you should at least keep your mistress happy. Alleged mistress of Johnson, Madeline Brown claimed that her son was Johnson's child and even implicated him in a conspiracy to assassinate President Kennedy.
Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich may be a Republican who constantly spouts his conservative family values, but that didn't stop him from cheating on both his first and second wives. He even married both of the women with whom he had cheated on both of his previous wives.
Silvio Berlusconi
The Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi had his fair share of legal troubles, including corruption and bribery charges. His affair with Noemi Letizia, an 18-year old model, was just icing on the corrupt cake.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:13:44 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/family-values-politicians-caught-having-affairs/ranker-news
<![CDATA[50 Politicians Who Got DUIs]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-with-duis/ranker-news
List of politicians with DUIs. Drunk driving laws get tougher all the time, partially because the safety of people on the road is a major concern for most voters. Politicians often throw their lofty weight behind legislation that makes DUIs, especially multiple infractions, have harsher punishments. However, this concern for the safety of their constituents does not always been that these politicians themselves care enough to not get behind the wheel of a car after drinking. Many politicians prove to be massive hypocrites by getting arrested for DUIs.
Some of the politicians on this list supported tough DUI laws, only a few months to years before getting arrested. A few politicians have multiple DUIs under their belt, while far too many get away with the charges by only paying a small fine and having a small probationary period. The politicians on this list have disregarded the law and put their own constituents in danger.
Which famous politicians have been arrested for DUIs? Which politicians have gotten away with it with barely a slap on the hand? Which politicians allegedly used political favors to avoid jail time? This list features senators, assemblymen, lawmakers, and other politicians whose drinking problems lead to becoming dangers behind the wheel. "Politician arrested" seems to be a news headline you see all too often these days, and in many cases its a story of politicians with DWIs. There are many celebrities with DUI incidents in their past as well, but this list is all about political figures caught drinking and driving.

50 Politicians Who Got DUIs,

Joseph D. Kernan
Joseph Kernan, the Mayor of Norton Ohio was forced to resign from his position after being arrested for Operating a Vehicle While Intoxicated (or OVI.) On St. Patrick's Day he was found with a blood alcohol level of .17, well over the legal limit of 0.08, in his car with the keys in the ignition, but not driving. Kernan was unconscious when found in his car.
Marion Barry
The former Mayor of DC made headline news for his infamous drugs arrest, which lead to a six month prison sentence. He was arrested for a DUI years later, but acquitted on all charges because the police couldn't prove that his erratic behavior was caused by alcohol and not old age.
Rob Briley
In one of the strangest political DUIs, Rob Briley, the Tennessee State Representative and chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, was arrested for drunk driving after a 100 mile and hour police chase. He was arrested at gunpoint, after he went to finish his drink. Despite the overwhelming evidence of his drunkenness, he still claimed that it was his medication that made him so dizzy after his arrest. 
Ben Harbin
Georgia Representative Ben Harbin was arrested for a DUI after his car hit a utility pole downtown in Atlanta. He failed his field sobriety test before his arrest. Harbin had a history of voting harsher DUI laws, especially for those who had multiple DUIs.
Jerry Cooper
Tennessee Senator Jerry Cooper crashed his car and found guilty of a DUI. He was found guilty of a DUI, but only sentenced to 24 hours of community service and a $350 fine.
Kathryn Bowers
The former Tennessee Senator Kathryn Bowers was charged with a DUI after a car accident in August 2006, in which she hit a UPS truck. The DUI charges were dropped but she still was indicted for reckless driving.
Jade Riley
As the Chief of Staff for the Boise Mayor and former director of the Idaho Democratic Party, Jade Riley was used to high pressure situations. But in 2007, when he was arrested for a DUI, his political influence allegedly kept him from facing the pressure of the law. His only punishment was two weeks suspended leave from his political position. 
Marv Teixeira
Carson City Mayor Marv Teixeira failed his sobriety test after being stopped for speeding. His DUI arrest lead to a outraged call for his recall from office. His DUI punishment included 46 hours of community service, a $650 fine, and drunk driving training.
Trish Groe
In 2007 Arizona State Representative Trish Groe was arrested for felony drunk driving and driving on a suspended license. Almost ten years before she had been charged with another DUI charge. Due to her plea deal, Groe only had to spend 10 days in jail. 
T. Eloise Foster
Budget Secretary of Maryland, T. Eloise Foster was stopped one night after erratic driving which included swerving between lanes. Foster, who worked as a key adviser to the Maryland Governor, was arrested on DUI charges.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:10:23 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-with-duis/ranker-news
<![CDATA[12 Politicians Busted for Drug Possession]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-busted-for-drugs/ranker-news

List of politicians busted for drugs. Although we always seem to hear a new story on the nightly news about the latest political drug scandal, there are surprisingly few politicians who have actually been arrested and charged for drug crimes. There is so much red tape surrounding the lives of politicians that law enforcement has to take special precautions to make sure everything in the investigation is above board. Since politicians have so many connections, it’s very rare that even if a politician is caught with drugs that there’s an arrest. That’s what makes it all the more incredible when a politician is busted for drugs.


Which politicians have been busted for drugs? The government employees and political elected officials on this list broke the very laws there are supposed to enforce and follow by using or selling drugs. Some of the cases on this list exploded into large political scandals, like in the case of Trey Radel and Marion Barry. However, some of the cases are far less known,either because they were international incidents or because the politician was small potatoes.


Whatever the cause of the drug bust, these politicians ruined their bright political futures due to a severe lapse in judgement.

12 Politicians Busted for Drug Possession,

Fred Richmond
Fred Richmond, a New York Democratic, was the last member of Congress to be arrested on a drug bust in 1982 until Trey Radel's recent arrest. He was convicted for marijuana possession and tax evasion. As part of his plea bargain, he stepped down from office.
Marion Barry
Washington D.C. Mayor Marion Barry's arrest was one of the most public political drug busts of all time. In January 1990, Barry was caught on tape in a sting operation and arrested for crack use by the FBI. Although he was charged with multiple felonies, some of the jury felt as if he was set up, and therefore only sentenced for 6 months in federal prison.
Rob Ford
Rob Ford's shocking admission that he used crack cocaine and subsequent public unraveling both stunned and amused people all over the world. The Toronto mayor said he is not addicted to drugs but that he tried crack roughly a year ago while in a "drunken stupor."

Update 5/1/2014: Six months after his initial confession, another video surfaced of him allegedly smoking crack, causing him to announce he would seek treatment for substance abuse. Ford said he is “ready to take a break” from his reelection campaign (though he'll stay on the ballot!) and “go get help.”

Trey Radel
In October 2013, Florida Representative Trey Radel was arrested for possession of cocaine by an FBI task force. After pleading guilty to cocaine possession, Radel got one year of supervised probation, took a leave of absence from his Congressional position, and entered rehab.
John M. Fabrizi
In 2006, Mayor John M. Fabrizi was arrested by the FBI for drugpossession after discovering a videotape recording of his cocaine use. Thistape lead to the discovery of a drug ring. While Fabrizi didn't serve jailtime, he decided against seeking re-election.
Danny Sparks
As if drug possession as a politician wasn't bad enough, Kentucky Mayor Danny Sparks was arrested for selling marijuana near an elementary school. Sparks had been investigated for weeks before an undercover informant busted him. He immediately resigned from office and was charged with a felony for trafficking marijuana within 1,000 feet of a school.
Willie Gandara Jr
In November 2012, the El Paso County Commissioner Willie Gandara Jr. was arrested for conspiracy to distribute marijuana. He was sentenced to six and a half years in federal prison for drug smuggling, ending his once promising career in politics. 
Takuma Sakuragi
Japanese politician Takuma Sakuragi was arrested on October 31, 2013, in China for possession of 50 grams of methamphetamine. Sakuragi's people claim that he's being framed for his tough diplomacy stance with China and South Korea. If convicted, the 70 year old politician could face the rest of his life in prison.
Steven Katz
New York State assemblyman, Steven Katz, proved to be a hypocrite of the worst kind when he was arrested for possession of marijuana, despite his staunch anti-drug stand. In March 2013, he received a ticket and probation, but no jail time.
Dustin Grubbs
Poulan Mayor Dustin Grubbs was arrested in 2012 for possession of black market prescription drugs. During a search of his car, there were 57 prescription narcotics found.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:04:19 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-busted-for-drugs/ranker-news
<![CDATA[19 Politicians Who Were Caught with Prostitutes]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-caught-with-prostitutes/ranker-news

List of politicians caught with prostitutes. Politicians and sex workers are said to have a lot of common. They both have underhanded and seedy dealings on a daily basis to get their jobs done. So then it’s no surprise that so many major politicians are caught with their pants down, so to speak, in the company of prostitutes. You might also want to check out sex scandals involving world leaders and celebrities who were caught with hookers. The idea that politicians are often at coke-fueled parties with their arms around a hooker or two is so prevalent, but surprisingly few politicians have ever been caught with prostitutes. Even fewer have been arrested. The number of politicians who have actually served time for soliciting sex is extremely low.

Some of the politicians, solely men, who have been caught with prostitutes are lonely men looking for the company of women or men. Other times the scandal is wrapped around an abuse of power and sick sex crimes. A few of the cases of politicians caught with sex workers have included anti-gay, married men in the company of male prostitutes. Undercover police officers are also often in the equation, in these cases, some of which include politicians and prostitutes caught on video.

Which politicians have been caught with prostitutes? This list features the biggest sex scandals in political history that included sex workers and stories of politicians and prostitutes caught having sex.

19 Politicians Who Were Caught with Prostitutes,

Allan Howe
In 1976, Utah representative Allan Howe was arrested for solicitation of a prostitute. Unfortunately for him, the two women he approached to pay for sex were actually undercover police officer. Howe decided not to resign from office. However, he was no re-elected for another term.
David I. Walsh
In one of the oldest prostitution scandals in the United States, David I. Walsh was implicated in the 1942 sex scandal after a male brothel was uncovered as a possible front for Nazi spies. While there were many witnesses to his involvement in the brothel, it was never quite clear whether it was a political conspiracy to sully Walsh's reputation and political career. J. Edgar Hoover even released a report claiming there was no proof of the rumor.
Eliot Spitzer
The governor of New York, Eliot Spitzer, made headline news when he was implicated in 2008 as a client for a prostitution ring. His meetings with $1k an hour call girls made him a national joke, which lead to his resignation. Despite rumors that he used campaign money to fund his raunchy nights out, prosecutors declined to press charges.
Fred Richmond
In 1978, the New York Representative Fred Richmond was arrested for soliciting sex for a male prostitute - and an underage one at that. While he didn't serve any jail time, he was ordered to psychiatric counseling. The scandal didn't stop his district from re-electing him twice until a drug scandal in 1982 caused him to resign. 
Joe Waggonner
The Louisiana Democratic representative, Joe Waggonner, in 1976 was arrested in a prostitution sting while in Washington D.C. The arrest didn't stop his constituents from re-electing him that same year. However, just two years later he retired from politics. 
Mike Allen
Alberta politician, Mike Allen, made United States news when he was arrested for solicitation of a prostitute while on a business trip in St. Paul. Allen allegedly called an online ad for the chance to spend $200 on two women. Instead he met up with an undercover police officer and was arrested. Allen decided not to resign his political post.
Philip Giordano
The Republican mayor of Waterbury Connecticut proved himself to be quite the disgusting individual when he was arrested for sexually abusing children. He hired a prostitute to bring over her young daughter and niece. He is currently serving time in federal prison.
Robert Bauman
Maryland Republican representative, Robert Bauman was arrested in 1980 for solicitation of an underage male prostitute. Although he blamed the scandal on his sex and alcohol addictions, Bauman did not get re-elected.
Silvio Berlusconi
Italian politician Silvio Berlusconi may have set records for corruption in politics. Not only was he implicated in numerous bribing and abuse of office scandals, he was also charged with solicitation of minors. Although he attempted to cover up the scandal through lies and bribery, Berlusconi was eventually found guilty and sentenced to seven years in jail. He was also banned from public office for life.
Jerry Springer
Before he was an infamous talk show host known mostly for his scandalous guests, Jerry Springer was a city councilman from Cincinnati. During that time, he had scandal of his own including a prostitute in a health club in 1974. When this information was revealed, he resigned from office immediately. That didn't stop him from running unsuccessfully for governor in 1982.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 10:08:13 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/politicians-caught-with-prostitutes/ranker-news
<![CDATA[The Funniest John Kerry Quotes: John Kerry-isms ]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/funniest-john-kerry-quotes-john-kerry-isms-and-malapropism/notable-quotables
A collection of memorable misstatements by John Kerry are listed here. Many John Kerry-isms are classic John Kerry bloopers without a doubt and some are attributed to him mistakenly. There was a chain letter allegedly of dumb John Kerry quotes and one other time, Fox news apologized for releasing fake Kerry quotes.

The occasional mistakes do not make a person stupid, but apparently, if you can compile a huge list of genuine John Kerry gaffes, you somehow demonstrate a person’s lack of intelligence or, if you understand sarcasm and wit, his wealth of. 'We need to be looked up to and not just feared.' said John Kerry once, and there are those who wouldn't look up to him, let alone fear him, though others may change his tune deeper into his tenure as Secretary of State. We've got a great list here of the funniest John Kerry quotes from the past few years.

If you're looking for more political funnies from the left and right, have a laugh at the expense of the best George W. Bush quotes and the top Bill Clinton gaffes.
The Funniest John Kerry Quotes: John Kerry-isms ,

Using George W. Bush's Home State For A Funny
"George Bush is a walking contradiction, a walking barrel of broken promises. As the phrase goes, Houston, we've got a problem."
Nothing But Sympathy
"Did the training wheels fall off?"

After being told by reporters that President Bush took a tumble during a bike ride.
Where Was The iPhone When You Really Needed It?
"We crossed paths. Are there pictures of us dancing on a bar together? No. I don't have that."

On his run-ins with George W. Bush at Yale
Karl Rove's Logic
"I figured out Karl Rove's political strategy -- make gas so expensive, no Democrats can afford to go to the polls."
On Marrying Up
"I guess the president and you and I are three examples of lucky people who married up. And some would say maybe me more so than others."

During the third presidential debate
A Reaction To A "Recovering Republican"
"Do you have to go through a program for that, or do you just some day listen and embrace reason?"

After an Ohio woman told him she was a "Recovering Republican"
Kerry's Late Show Top 10 List
#3: Cheney can claim Bush as a dependent.

Kerry's "Top 10" list of Bush tax proposals, as read on the "Late Show With David Letterman"
Bush Was At The Chuck-E-Cheese
"I just want to assure you that both President Bush and I have very firm alibis."

After three Davenport, Iowa banks were robbed while Kerry and Bush were campaigning in the city at the same time.
And That Was Just Larry Craig
"You'd be amazed at the number of people who want to introduce themselves to you in the men's room. It's the most bizarre part of this entire thing."
One Of The Drawbacks Of Buying Secondhand
"In the event of emergency, my hair can be used as a flotation device."
On board the inaugural flight of his refurbished Boeing 757

Wed, 16 Jun 2010 01:35:26 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/funniest-john-kerry-quotes-john-kerry-isms-and-malapropism/notable-quotables
<![CDATA[List Of Executed Politicians]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/list-of-executed-politicians/notable-famous-deaths
List Of Executed Politicians: Here is a list of the well-known politicians, executed by law. For these politicians, death penalty put an end to their shameful life. Capital punishment is banned in some places, yet people believe that these executed politicians deserved to die this way. Most of these politicians with capital punishment dreamed of leaving a lavish life, but had fatal ends.

Many of the politicians on this list did something to end up here. For example, former Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini landed on this list of executed politicians for his role in turning Italy into a fascist state. If that wasn't enough, the prime minister teamed up with Germany to create the Axis that pitted the two nations and Japan against United States, Great Britain, France and others in World War II. Needless to say, when he was caught and executed in 1945, the West wasn't too upset.

On the opposite end, Louis XVI was a casualty of the French Revolution. The gulf between the rich and poor in France grew during his time as king and when the people finally captured him, he was beheaded and his conviction of treason. Another executed politician who wore the crown was King Charles I of England. Like Louis XVI, Charles was convicted and executed for treason during a civil war.

Same goes for Saddam Hussein. It's hard to believe, but Hussein was executed for his crimes against the Iraqi people in 2006. It seems like yesterday that American forces found hiding in a manhole, but he's the most famous recent politician to be executed. 

Many of the executed politicians on this list did one thing or another to anger the people they governed. Whether it was horrible, oppressive policies or tipping the balance in favor of the rich, the politicians for one reason or another deserved to be executed.

You can sort this list by any column and give your opinion about giving capital punishment to politicians.
List Of Executed Politicians,

Benito Mussolini
Marie Antoinette
Mary, Queen of Scots
Maximilien de Robespierre
Saddam Hussein
William Wallace
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
Nicholas II and family
King Charles I of England
King Louis XVI of France

Mon, 10 May 2010 23:53:55 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/list-of-executed-politicians/notable-famous-deaths
<![CDATA[12 Anti-Gay Politicians with LGBT Relatives]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/top-anti-gay-politicians-with-lgbt-relatives/keaton
A list of the top 12 anti-gay politicians with LGBT relatives. Karma has a funny way of evening the proverbial playing field, especially when it comes to politicians. When it comes to LGBT rights, politicians have been changing their positions to adapt with the times. Unfortunately, a good number still haven't. But alas, even the staunchest of anti-gay politicians have gay relatives, which makes their stance look even more insensitive and foolhardy.

These outspoken politicians aren't limited to people serving in national office. While some big names like Karl Rove, Sonny Bono, and Christine O'Donnell have all spoken out against gay rights, representatives at the state level, like Don Coram and Marsha Looper have been outed for having gay family members, contradicting their anti-gay position. The politicians on this list have done their best to suppress LGBT people, yet the people they're harming are often times the ones closest to them. 

Take a look at this list of the top 12 most anti-gay politicians with LGBT relatives. When you read about their stances, opinions and thoughts on LGBT persons, you'll be appalled. Also, you can see what family member is related to the politician and what his or her personal stance is and if it the opposite of what their political relative thinks. You'll be surprised at some of the results.
12 Anti-Gay Politicians with LGBT Relatives,

Alan Keyes
Stance on LGBT Rights:
The former Republican political candidate is one of the staunchest anti-gay rights politicians in the United States. He's said that gay marriage “is the archetype of all crimes against humanity,” and considers gay marriage a crime. An actual crime.

He's also called homosexuality "selfish hedonism," and has appeared on multiple programs over the years railing against LBGT culture. He's stood against it every step of the way, despite having an LGBT daughter.

Gay Relative:
Keyes's daughter, Maya Marcel-Keyes, came out of the closet in 2005.

Since then, she's been involved in a number of protests and with various LGBT activist organizations. She is a member of the Board of Directors for the National Youth Advocacy Coalition, which speaks on behalf of LGBT families and youth across the country, always trying to counteract at least a little bit of what her father does to her community.

Dick Cheney
Stance on LGBT Rights:
The former Vice President was part of the Republican national ticket that disparaged gay rights during the 2004 election and throughout their two-terms in office. 

While he didn't publicly oppose LGBT rights, he stood by, as the Vice President of the United States, while the administration tried to obliterate the rights of his daughter's community.
This proved to be merely a strategic move to get evangelical voters in battleground states out to vote, though. In recent years, Cheney changed his stance and now openly supports LGBT rights. It's great to see somebody hop the fence in that way, but he makes this list because in his eight years as one of the most powerful men in the world, he stood by and did nothing. 


Gay relative: 
Cheney's daughter, Mary Cheney, is an openly lesbian woman. She married her longtime partner, Heather Poe, in 2012.  Mary Cheney has been cited as one of the reasons her conservative father changed his stance on gay marriage... eventually. 

In 2013, she was a signatory to an amicus curiae brief submitted to the Supreme Court in support of same-sex marriage aka the California Prop 8 case. 
Karl Rove
Stance on LGBT Rights:
Rove used anti-gay marriage amendments to turn out conservatives in 2004, particularly in Ohio. Though he now says he never asked for an anti-gay fight, his strategy to get conservatives to vote may have worked short-term, but ultimately it has harmed the GOP brand with younger voters.

Gay Relative:
Rove's stepfather, Louis, was gay. Rove's parents divorced when Louis, whom he considered to be his father (Rove's biological father left when he was a small child) came out when Karl was a senior in high school. According to an interview with Wayne Slater and James Moore, Rove told them that he "lovingly accepted his father as a gay man," and treated Louis with respect. Every other homosexual in the country? Not so much.
Michele Bachmann
Stance on LGBT Rights:
Bachmann, a staunch conservative, has long been opposed to gay marriage.

Before retiring from Congress, the Minnesota Republican wrote, "Marriage was created by the hand of God. No man, not even a Supreme Court, can undo what a holy God has instituted."

She's frequently campaigned against gay rights and called for spiritual warfare against gay marriage and has voted as such her entire career, and even ran on that platform during the 2012 primaries.

Gay Relative:
Bachmann's stepsister, Helen LaFave, is openly gay. Although they're not necessarily closely related, with some of these cases, having a member of their family on the other side of the fence has swayed the sympathies of certain conservatives. But not Bachmann. 

LeFave supported Barack Obama and was seen at his inauguration in 2009.
Newt Gingrich
Stance on LGBT Rights:
The former Republican Speaker of the House has long been opposed to LGBT rights. He claims the fight over LGBT rights is one-sided because they undermine Catholic rights. He's also said gay people choose to be gay and aren't born gay.

Recently, Gingrich changed his tune, saying that Republicans need to reconsider their position on same-sex marriage due to shifts in the way that the issue perceived by public opinion. 

Gay Relative:
Candice Gingrich-Jones, Newt's younger sister by several decades, is a lesbian. She is a LGBT rights activist and holds a leadership position in the Human Rights Campaign.
In 2011, she was honored by the American Humanist Association, receiving the LGBT Humanist Pride Award. Just in case you were wondering, she didn't support her brother's 2012 campaign; she endorsed Barack Obama.

After Newt gave an interview in 2013 saying that conservatives need to reconsider their position on same-sex marriage, Candice praised his evolving opinion on LGBT issues, hoping that the rest of the GOP follows his lead and thinks progressively on LGBT issues.
Phyllis Schlafly
Stance on LGBT Rights:
A conservative Republican activist, Schalfly has been quoted as saying that LGBT rights violate free speech and that feminism is "the most destructive element in our society." She also claims the LGBT agenda has infiltrated schools and is being taught as part of the curriculum.

She is opposed to the Equal Rights Amendment and is said to be "deeply offended" and "personally insulted" when the Defense of Marriage Act was struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.

Gay Relative:
Schalfly's son, John, is openly gay. Despite his mother's controversial stance, John has openly defended Phyllis's view about family movement. John was quoted as saying that "the family values movement isn't anti-gay" and is remains a Republican in spite of their views towards the LGBT community. 
Marsha Looper
Stance on LGBT Rights:
The Colorado State Rep. voted against same sex civil unions during a special legislative session in the state legislature. Looper was part of a Republican bloc that voted against the bill reaching the Colorado House of Representatives in 2012. Had it reached the House, the bill was likely to pass.

Gay Relative:
Looper's son was outed by her own campaign after the vote.

In an email written by her campaign manager, Lana Fore-Warkocz , Looper was praised for protecting Colorado from religious harm, despite having a gay son. Incensed, the state representative sharply criticized her campaign manager for bringing her son into the political forum.

Talk about a campaign fail.
Christine O'Donnell
Stance on LGBT Rights: The former Delaware Republican senatorial candidate has a long history of taking hateful and ignorant positions against LGBT people. Originally a liberal, O'Donnell claims to have experienced an epiphany when she was 21 that completely changed her viewpoints.

She's accused gays of having a personality disorder and has called homosexuality a "deviant sexual orientation." She considers homosexuality a disease (an "identity disorder") and associates herself with people who try to cure homosexuality.

Gay relative:
With her outrageous views on homosexuality, people will be surprised to learn that O'Donnell's sister, Jennie O'Donnell, is a lesbian. She lives in the LGBT hub of West Hollywood, California.

Despite her sister's strong anti-gay views, Jennie defended her sister publicly. Using the old adage that blood is thicker than politics, Jennie even campaigned for her sister during her ill-fated 2010 senatorial campaign. She was quoted as saying that Christine was misunderstood.

Matt J Salmon
Stance on LGBT:
Salmon, a Republican congressman from Arizona, is a staunch social conservative who voted for the now defunct Defense of Marriage Act.

As a conservative Mormon, Salmon also called for a ban on gay adoptions in Washington, D.C. If that isn't enough, he and his wife led the Arizona chapter of United Families International, a group formed to "maintaining and strengthening the family." The group fought to ban gay marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships in the Arizona state constitution in 2006, but ultimately failed.

Gay Relative:
Matt R. Salmon, Congressman Salmon's son, is a former leader of the Arizona Log Cabin Republicans, a pro-gay rights GOP group and is openly gay. He gets along well with his father, even though the older Salmon considers homosexuality a choice.
Don Coram
Stance on LGBT Rights:
As a member of the Colorado's House State, Veterans and Military Affairs Committee, Coran was the deciding vote that killed a proposed bill that would have legalized same sex civil unions in 2012.

He justified his vote by saying Democrats used gay rights as political pawn.
Gay Relative:
Coran's son, Dee, is openly gay. Dee has spoken out about his father's position, saying that it was time for his father to lead on the issue of civil unions but failed to do so. Don told his son that he was going to vote no on the bill, but wouldn't be opposed to the bill moving to the floor. But his vote indicated otherwise.

The younger Coran added that this wasn't the first time the two of them have disagreed on political issues.

Wed, 21 Aug 2013 10:22:01 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/top-anti-gay-politicians-with-lgbt-relatives/keaton
<![CDATA[Rock Stars Who Would Make The Best President]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/rock-stars-who-would-make-the-best-president/daniel-kohn
This is a list of rock stars who would make the best president. Music and politics have been intertwined much like peas and carrots. Since music first became a popular art form, singers have used the medium as a way to tell stories and to rail against their unfair issues. Both rock stars of the past and present aren't afraid to speak up against political issues that they feel are harmful to them and to society. Many musicians come from humble upbringings so their success, while excessive at times, has taught them how to handle large audiences and how to get their opinions and viewpoints to the population. With their passion and outspokenness against perceived wrongs, rock stars are the best candidates of any entertainment entity to make a great president.

So what would make a great rock star president? The ability to communicate and the willingness to do what's best for the people. Several musicians on this list practice what they preach both on their songs but also in public. Artists like Bruce Springsteen, Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger have a distinctly populist voice in their music and their voices are popular with different types of people. These singers would be a voice that many would unite around. The same goes for rock stars like John Fogerty, John Mellencamp and Eddie Vedder. That is the common bond between all of the different personalities on this list.Their music may be different, but their leadership skills and willing to do what's best even when it's not popular is what will make them the best president.

Vote for the rock star who you think would make the best president. If you notice that a rock star isn't on this list and should be, feel free to add him or her. Feel free to vote and rerank this list as you deem fit. 
Rock Stars Who Would Make The Best President,

Alice Cooper

Bob Dylan

Bruce Springsteen

Dave Grohl

Eddie Vedder

Elvis Presley

Henry Rollins

Paul Simon

Ted Nugent

Tom Petty

Fri, 16 Aug 2013 08:56:56 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/rock-stars-who-would-make-the-best-president/daniel-kohn
<![CDATA[The Current Presidential Line of Succession]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-current-presidential-line-of-succession/carlybobarly

List of the people in the line of succession to become President of the United States upon the death, incapacity, resignation, or removal of the acting president or president-elect. Who becomes President if Donald Trump dies? Or is impeached and ousted from office? The first up is VP Mike Pence, followed by the Speaker of the House Paul Ryan. In the unlikely event that the American President dies or leaves the office, this is the order in which other U.S. politicians would be in line for to become the Acting President.

The current line of succession is unique because it skips two people who would otherwise be in line for the United States Presidency. The first person is Sally Jewell, the Secretary of Interior. Though she should be #8 after Attorney General Loretta Lynch, she is not on the list at all because, though she is a naturalized US citizen, she was born in the UK. The second person omitted from the line of presidential succession under Obama's administration is Seth Harris, the Acting Secretary of Labor. He assumed the role when Hilda Solis resigned in January 2013 at the start of 44th President Barack Obama's second term.

The line of succession has only come into play a few times in American history. A few times, a vice president has become president when the President has died of natural causes, which has happened 4 times:

-William Henry Harrison died in 1841 after 30 days in office; he was succeeded by John Tyler
-Zachary Taylor died in 1850 after 1 year and 4 months in office; he was succeeded by Millard Fillmore
-Warren G. Harding died in 1923, 2 years and 4 months in office; he was succeeded by Calvin Coolidge
-Franklin D. Roosevelt died in 1945 after 12 years in office, 1 month into his 4th term; he was succeeded by Harry S. Truman

Several American Vice Presidents have also risen to the presidency following the assassination of the President. This has also happened four times:

-Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, 1 month into his second term; he was succeeded by Andrew Johnson
 -James A. Garfield was assassinated in 1881, after 6 months in office; he was succeeded by Chester Arthur
 -William McKinley was assassinated in 1901, 6 months into his second term; he was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt
-John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 after 2 years and 10 months in office; he was succeeded by Lyndon B. Johnson

The one other time a Vice President succeeded to the Presidency followed the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974, after which Gerald Ford became President. 

Gosh, that's actually a lot of Vice Presidents who became President, when you consider that there have only been 45 total American Presidents. So far. And in "Battlestar Galactica," Secretary of Education Laura Roslin was #43! in line before the Cylons surprise attacked the Twelve Colonies and killed the whole government. I guess I'm just saying: it doesn't hurt to be prepared.

The Current Presidential Line of Succession,

Jefferson Sessions

Attorney General (R)

Mike Pence

Vice President of the United States (R) 

Orrin Hatch
President pro tempore of the Senate (R)
Paul Ryan
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (R)
Ryan Zinke

Secretary of the Interior (R)

Michael Scuse

Secretary of Agriculture (acting) 

Wilbur Ross

Secretary of Commerce 

Rex Tillerson

Secretary of State (R)

James Mattis

Secretary of Defense (R)

Steven Mnuchin

Secretary of the Treasury (R)

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 06:08:58 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/the-current-presidential-line-of-succession/carlybobarly
<![CDATA[The Greatest Minds of All Time]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-minds-of-all-time/walter-graves
List of the Greatest Minds of All Time, throughout history. This list represents the most influential thinkers across various disciplines, ranked in a way that represents the power of their ideas and their impact on the world. The wisest men and women include top philosophers, physicists, famous poets, thinkers, teachers, physiologists, artists, inventors, engineers, the most irreplaceable CEOs in the world, economists and politicians and those whose talents span across many fields of study.

This list takes a historic perspective, so the greatest thinkers who are included on this list come from many different eras. The greatest minds of the 21st century may be quite different from great geniuses from the distant past, but each person should be judged within the context of the time that they were living. For example, inventing a new type of telephone in 2013 would not qualify one as "the most brilliant mind of all time," but in 1876 when Alexander Graham Bell first patented the telephone, it was an act of genius not seen before.

See Also: The Most Influential People of All Time.
The Greatest Minds of All Time,

Albert Einstein



Galileo Galilei

Isaac Newton

Leonardo da Vinci

Nikola Tesla


William Shakespeare

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wed, 22 May 2013 04:18:02 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/greatest-minds-of-all-time/walter-graves
<![CDATA[US Political Figures We Hate the Most: 2013]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-political-figures-we-hate-the-most-2013/jimmers2
I'm starting this list with the political figures I hate the most, but I'm opening it to voting and to the public. Obviously, this is my biased opinion, but hopefully you guys will add your most hated figures and balance it all out. Vote for the figure or political group that really makes your blood boil, and please, add whoever or whatever you think is missing.
US Political Figures We Hate the Most: 2013,

Anthony D. Weiner

Dick Cheney

Harry Reid

John Boehner

Karl Rove

Mitch McConnell

Nancy Pelosi

Rick Santorum


All of Them, So Much

Tue, 07 May 2013 04:44:21 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/us-political-figures-we-hate-the-most-2013/jimmers2
<![CDATA[The Most Loved American First Ladies]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-loved-first-ladies-in-us-history
The most loved First Ladies in the history of the US are also some of the most respected and most powerful women in the world. They may have first become known for being married to the President of the United States, but many of these most respected First Ladies of the US carved out their own place in American society and gained the respect of the American public through their political and charitable efforts to the point where many of them became First Ladies who overshadowed their husbands.

Who was the best First Lady? Some of these famous First Ladies are known for their involvement in their husband's presidency (Hillary Rodham Clinton), others are popular for their humanitarian efforts (Eleanor Roosevelt), and some for their commitment to American citizens (Michelle Obama). Regardless of why, these First Ladies of the US are all near and dear to the hearts of American citizens (sometimes more than their President husbands) and have ranked among some of the most well-known citizens in the US.

Who is the most loved First Lady in the US? Who are the top First Ladies in the history of the US? What qualities does the most loved First Lady possess? These are some of the questions this list of the most loved First Ladies hopes to answer. Make sure to vote up the best First Ladies so they can make it to the #1 spot on this list of the most loved first ladies in US history. These women are the most influential First Ladies in American history and deserve your consideration!
The Most Loved American First Ladies,

Abigail Adams

Barbara Bush

Betty Ford

Dolley Madison

Eleanor Roosevelt

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Laura Bush

Martha Washington

Michelle Obama

Nancy Reagan

Fri, 12 Apr 2013 03:21:36 PDT http://www.ranker-dev.com/crowdranked-list/the-most-loved-first-ladies-in-us-history
<![CDATA[The Best Former US Secretaries of State of All Time]]> http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-us-secretaries-of-state-of-all-time/keaton
People who've served as US Secretary of State include some of the biggest names in the history of American politics.  Many of the most talked-about politicians even went on to become President of the United States of America. These men and women have served in one of the most important and prominent positions in the world.

The office of the United States Secretary of State is the person in charge of the United States Department of State, which deals primarily with foreign affairs. This person specializes in foreign affairs, and advises the President on such matters, participates in negotiations with other countries, deals with immigration, and is responsible for regulating Americans working, traveling, or serving overseas. 

Serving as Secretary of State means a job filled with lots of travel - something that the 2013 Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, did impressively. Clinton visited a record 112 countries during her time in the office, and helped foster a rapport between the US and other countries's leaders. Only one other Secretary of State logged more travel miles, and not by much. Condoleeza Rice, who served as Secretary of State under President George W. Bush, notched a record 1,059,247 miles traveling.

While many are appointed Secretary of State after losing presidential elections, others did it the other way around and went on to become President later. James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and Thomas Jefferson all served as Secretary of State as well as President. Clearly those lucky few who have been appointed Secretary of State, like John Kerry in 2013, are in good company.
The Best Former US Secretaries of State of All Time,

Daniel Webster
William Harrison, 1841, John Tyler, 1841-1843, and Millard Fillmore, 1850-1852
George Marshall
Harry S. Truman, 1947-1949
George P. Shultz
Ronald Reagan, 1982-1989
Henry Kissinger
Gerald Ford, 1973-1977
James Baker
George H. W. Bush, 1989-1992
James Madison
Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809
James Monroe
James Madison, 1811-1817
John Quincy Adams
James Monroe, 1817-1825
Thomas Jefferson
George Washington, 1790-1793
William H. Seward
Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, 1861-1869

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 02:09:32 PST http://www.ranker-dev.com/list/best-us-secretaries-of-state-of-all-time/keaton