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1+ 9,897- 2,320
the people's #1 & most listed Why is this #1?
Leonardo da Vinci Died at 67 (1452-1519) Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is
2+ 8,399- 2,035
Why is this #2?
Isaac Newton Died at 84 (1643-1727) Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP was an English physicist and mathematician who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and as a key figure in the scientific revolution. His
3+ 8,852- 3,427
Why is this #3?
Albert Einstein Died at 76 (1879-1955) Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two
4+ 5,914- 1,574
Why is this #4?
Galileo Galilei Died at 78 (1564-1642) Galileo Galilei, often known mononymously as Galileo, was an Italian physicist, mathematician, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher who played a major role in the scientific revolution during the
5+ 5,130- 1,771
Why is this #5?
Plato Plato was a philosopher, as well as mathematician, in Classical Greece. He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the
6+ 4,961- 1,595
Why is this #6?
Aristotle Died at 62 (383 BC-321 BC) Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the Macedonian city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a
7+ 4,400- 2,025
often listed Why is this #7?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Died at 35 (1756-1791) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Mozart showed prodigious ability from his
8+ 7,388- 1,847
ranked low on reranks Why is this #8?
Nikola Tesla Died at 87 (1856-1943) Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current
9+ 4,105- 1,185
Why is this #9?
Archimedes Archimedes of Syracuse was an Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in
10+ 4,123- 2,109
often listed & ranked high on reranks Why is this #10?
Charles Darwin Died at 73 (1809-1882) Charles Robert Darwin, FRS was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from
11+ 3,351- 1,660
often listed Why is this #11?
William Shakespeare Died at 52 (1564-1616) William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's
12+ 3,759- 1,332
ranked low on reranks Why is this #12?
Marie Curie Died at 67 (1867-1934) Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and
13+ 3,505- 1,079
ranked low on reranks Why is this #13?
Michelangelo Died at 89 (1475-1564) Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled
14+ 2,778- 1,103
often listed & ranked high on reranks Why is this #14?
Johann Sebastian Bach Died at 65 (1685-1750) Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He enriched established German styles through his skill in counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and the
15+ 2,741- 734
ranked low on reranks Why is this #15?
Pythagoras Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries
16+ 2,979- 855
Why is this #16?
Socrates Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the
17+ 2,326- 824
Why is this #17?
Johannes Kepler Died at 59 (1571-1630) Johannes Kepler was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his laws of planetary motion, based on his works
18+ 2,900- 910
Why is this #18?
Ludwig van Beethoven Died at 57 (1770-1827) Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and
19+ 2,040- 983
Why is this #19?
Immanuel Kant Died at 80 (1724-1804) Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the
20+ 3,406- 1,701
Why is this #20?
Stephen Hawking age 73 Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge.
21+ 2,156- 721
ranked low on reranks Why is this #21?
Nicolaus Copernicus Died at 70 (1473-1543) Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at its center. The publication of this model in his
22+ 2,565- 1,017
Why is this #22?
Benjamin Franklin Died at 84 (1706-1790) Benjamin Franklin FRS was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist,
23+ 1,612- 834
often listed & ranked high on reranks Why is this #23?
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Died at 83 (1749-1832) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an
24+ 1,571- 764
Why is this #24?
Homer Homerus, best known as his anglicised name Homer, is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. He was believed by the ancient Greeks to have been the first and greatest of the epic poets. Author of the
25+ 1,475- 543
ranked low on reranks & added by Polar Bear Why is this #25?
Max Planck Died at 89 (1858-1947) Physicist,Quantum theory and thermodynamics were greatly enriched by his work. Probably the scientist of the 20th century. Einstein himself said so. He was a friend of
26+ 1,937- 1,004
Why is this #26?
Friedrich Nietzsche Died at 56 (1844-1900) Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer and Latin and Greek scholar. He wrote several critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture,
27+ 1,302- 584
Why is this #27?
Hippocrates Died at 83 (459 BC-376 BC) Hippocrates of Kos, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the "Father of Western
28+ 1,196- 656
Why is this #28?
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz Died at 70 (1646-1716) Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz was a German polymath and philosopher. He occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. Most scholars believe Leibniz developed
29+ 1,858- 1,011
Why is this #29?
Thomas Jefferson Died at 83 (1743-1826) Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, and the third President of the United States. He was a spokesman for democracy, and embraced
30+ 1,915- 1,460
often listed & ranked high on reranks Why is this #30?
Thomas Edison Died at 84 (1847-1931) Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a
31+ 1,530- 792
Why is this #31?
Confucius Died at 72 (550 BC-478 BC) Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality,
32+ 713- 405
added by sebbzor Why is this #32?
Johannes Gutenberg Died at 70 (1398-1468) Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg was a German blacksmith, goldsmith, printer, and publisher who introduced printing to Europe. His invention of mechanical movable type printing started the
33+ 957- 583
added by sudeeshab Why is this #33?
Leo Tolstoy Died at 82 (1828-1910) Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, commonly referred to as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright and philosopher who primarily wrote novels and short stories.
34+ 3,148- 1,830
added by GarryMarley Why is this #34?
Jesus of Nazareth 4 B.C - 30 A.D.
35+ 1,306- 712
Why is this #35?
Voltaire Died at 84 (1694-1778) François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and
36+ 874- 375
Why is this #36?
Carl Friedrich Gauss Died at 78 (1777-1855) Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics,
37+ 1,185- 976
often listed & added by GarryMarley Why is this #37?
Martin Luther Died at 63 (1483-1546) Martin Luther was a German friar, priest and professor of theology who was a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings and
38+ 932- 1,042
often listed & added by Obamasux44X Why is this #38?
George Washington Died at 67 (1732-1799) George Washington was the first President of the United States, the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United
39+ 926- 534
Why is this #39?
Sophocles Sophocles is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides.
40+ 1,125- 565
Why is this #40?
René Descartes Died at 54 (1596-1650) René Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. He has been dubbed the father of modern philosophy, and much subsequent
41+ 1,214- 460
added by speroe Why is this #41?
Alan Turing Died at 42 (1912-1954) Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS was a British pioneering computer scientist, mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, mathematical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner. He was
42+ 880- 517
Why is this #42?
Euripides Died at 74 (479 BC-405 BC) Euripides was a tragedian of classical Athens. He is one of the three whose plays have survived, with the other two being Aeschylus and Sophocles. Some ancient scholars attributed ninety-five plays to
43+ 1,030- 579
added by Srinidhi S U Why is this #43?
Gregor Mendel Died at 62 (1822-1884) Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries
44+ 822- 525
often listed & ranked high on reranks Why is this #44?
Arthur Schopenhauer Died at 72 (1788-1860) Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation, in which he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually
45+ 1,238- 580
Why is this #45?
Alexander Graham Bell Died at 75 (1847-1922) Alexander Graham Bell was an eminent Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had
46+ 666- 276
Why is this #46?
Werner Heisenberg Died at 75 (1901-1976) Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key pioneers of quantum mechanics. He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper. In the subsequent series of papers
47+ 1,058- 407
Why is this #47?
Michael Faraday Died at 76 (1791-1867) Michael Faraday FRS was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and
48+ 818- 322
Why is this #48?
Blaise Pascal Died at 39 (1623-1662) Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work
49+ 829- 353
added by Polar Bear Why is this #49?
Sun Tzu Died at 48 (543 BC-495 BC) Sun Tzu was a Chinese military general, strategist, and philosopher who lived in the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China. The name he is best known by is actually an honorific which means
50+ 969- 453
Why is this #50?
Dante Alighieri Died at 56 (1265-1321) Durante degli Alighieri, simply called Dante, was a major Italian poet of the late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later called Divina by Boccaccio, is widely